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Transcript of James Wolfe
James Wolfe was born on January 2nd, 1727 in Westerham, United Kingdom. He had a younger brother named Edward. His father, Edward (Senior), was a Colonel in the British Army. His mother, Henrietta, was devoted to her sons and even though she knew serving in the Army was a noble thing to do, she feared for their safety all the time. A military life was definitely in his blood. James grandfather, his great-grandfather, his only uncle, and his brother were soldiers too.
The Battle of Dettingen took place on June 27th 1743 in Dettingen Germany, during the War of the Austrian Succession. The British forces, in alliance with those of Hannover and Hesse, defeated a French army under the duc de Noailles. The Battle of Dettingen is a highly significant victory for the British Army, being the only time in modern history that a British Force has been led into battle by a reigning monarch: King George II. The village of Dettingen is today the town of Karlstein am Main, about 200 miles from the capital, Munich.
Battle on the Plains of Abraham
Death of Wolfe
Benjamin West's canvas "Death of Wolfe" is among the most famous historical paintings of all time. Although it contains numerous inaccuracies, its depiction of heroic death on a foreign battlefield remains a powerful image.
James Wolfe was a very important man and did many important things but the most important action was when he won the battle between the British and French and changed Canada from being a French colony over a British one. Also Wolfe Britain’s most celebrated military hero of the eighteenth century. His important victory over the French at Quebec on September 13th 1759 resulted in the unification of Canada and the American colonies under the British crown. But his death at the moment of victory earned him a reputation as a patriotic martyr . As the greatest military hero of the mid-eighteenth century, Wolfe was universally celebrated in paintings, prints and other forms of popular culture.
Wolfe & Montcalm
Wolfe and Montcalm were the military leaders on the opposing sides in the Conquest of New France, in 1759. Wolfe was the British general and Montcalm was the French. They were important because their choices led to Canada changing from being a French colony to a British one. Wolfe was a big risk-taker, in it for glory and dying anyway. Montcalm was less personally invested, and made a couple crucial errors that led to his defeat. Both died on the Plains of Abraham.
James Wolfe was educated in schools at Westerham and at Greenwich, to which the family moved in 1738
Around 1738, because of the requirements of his father's military career, the family moved to Greenwich. It was then that James started to realized he wanted to be more like his father and decided to enter the army. In 1741, at 14, James was given his first military assignment. At the age of 16, he was involved in his first action. This was the Battle of Dettingen which occurred on June 27th, 1743. After this war, James was promoted to Lieutenant . Over the next 10 years he continued climbing the military ranks while making time to study Latin and mathematics. In 1752 he was confirmed as Lieutenant Colonel and later received the highest ranking , like his father, of General.
The Battle of Dettingen
The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, also known as the Battle of Quebec, was a pivotal battle in the Seven Years' War. The battle, which began on September 13th 1759, was fought by the British Army and Navy, against the French Army, on a plateau just outside the walls of Quebec City, on land that was originally owned by a farmer named Abraham Martin, hence the name of the battle. The battle involved fewer than 10,000 troops between both sides, but proved to be a deciding moment in the conflict between France and Britain over the fate of New France, influencing the later creation of Canada.
-The Plains of Abraham was named after the owner of the farmland, Abraham Martin
-British Army (known as the "Redcoats") wore Red uniforms because originally red dye was the cheapest to buy
- Many thought they wore red to disguise blood stains, but when blood dries it looks black
-The University of Toronto holds many artifacts, books, and memorabilia about James Wolfe's military importance
-When he was away at battle, James wrote to his parents at least once a week
In conclusion James Wolfe was a very important man in the uprising of Canada, he did many important things and took big risks to help our country. I hope you all enjoyed and learned something about James Wolfe.
The Plains of Abraham
James Wolfe's signature