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Chapter 23: Growth of Western Democracies

World History
by

R Kay

on 22 February 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 23: Growth of Western Democracies

Chapter 23 - Growth of Western Democracies
Section 1 - Democratic Reform
Section 2 - Social and Economic Reform
Section 3 - France under Napoleon
Section 4 - Expansion of the United States
Section 1 - Democratic Reform in Britain
Reforming Parliament
Catholics and non-Anglicans fought for rights to vote and serve in Parliament
Victorian Age
Queen Victoria reigned from 1838-1901
Focuses on good morals, manners, hard work, honesty, etc.
Confident Age- helped middle class to expand empire
New Age in British Politics
Tories were pushed more towards being Conservative
Whigs became Liberal
Conservative party doubled in size
1880's they began to extend suffrage and gave the majority of voting rights to farm workers
Section 2 - Social and Economic Reform in Britain
Free Trade and Corn
Early 1800’s Britain taxed foreign imports In local economies
Free trade was usually middle class business leaders
Farmers/wealthy land owners supported Corn Law because it kept price of Britain grain high
Campaign against Slavery
Enlightenment thinkers had turned the spot light on evils of the slave trade
British ships were carrying more Africans than the Americans
Under pressure the middle class reformers in Britain, France, and USA started the abolition movement
Britain,first European power to abolish slavery trade in 1807
Crime and Punishment
Early 1800, over 200 crimes were punishable by death
(Capital offense) murder but also shoplifting, stealing and, impersonating a veteran
Some juries refused to convict criminals because punishments were too harsh
Executions were public occasions
Instead of proper burial,criminal’s body might be given to medical colleges for dissection
Victories of the working Class
Improving work conditions
In the mine, owners were forbidden to employ woman and children under 10
In 1847 ,law limited woman and children to a 10 hour a day
Later in the 1800 the government regulated many safety conditions in factories and mines and sent inspectors to see that the law enforced
Foreign Affairs
In the 1860’s, Napoleon tried to place Maximilian on the thrown of Mexico
Napoleon helped Italian nationalists defeat Austria, the regions of Nice and Savoy were ceded to France


A Disastrous With Prussia

Prussian leader Bismarck shrewdly manipulated the French and lured Napoleon into war in 1870.
Challenges of the 3rd Republic
Provisional, temporary

The Paris Commune
In 1871, an uprising broke out in Paris


Government Structure
Premier, Prime Minister
Coalition, alliances of various parties
Anti-Semitic and the Dreyfus Affair
most serious and divisive scandal began in 1894.

Deep Division
Dreyfus affair, political scandal that caused deep division in France between Royalists and liberals and republicans.
Libel, the knowing publication of false and damaging statements.

Calls for Jewish State

Zionism-movement devoted to rebuilding a Jewish state in Palestine.

Separating Church and State

Like Germany, France tried to repress Church involvement in the Government

Women’s Rights

Under the Napoleonic Code, French women had few rights


Looking Ahead

By 1914, France was the largest democratic country in Europe, with constitution that protected basic rights
Section- 3 France under Napoleon 3
- Colby
Napoleon the Third, Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte

Limits of Liberty
On the surface, the second empire looked like a constitutional monarchy
In the 1860’s, the emperor began to ease controls.


Promoting economic growth

promoted investment in industry and large-scale ventures such as rail road building and the urban renewal of Paris
Section 4-Expansion of the United States - William
Territorial Expansion
-(Louisiana Purchase)-1803 Jefferson bought Louisiana territory from France
-Mexican War 1846-1848 added California and Southwest
-Manifest Destiny – Expand U.S. from coast to coast
-1867 bought Alaska from Russia 1898 annexed Hawaii

Expanding Democracy
-Calls for Abolition
Americans began to call for the complete end of slavery
William Lloyd Garrison pressed the antislavery cause through his newspaper, the “Liberator”
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, helped convince northerners slavery was a great social evil
Women’s Rights Movements
1848, in Seneca Falls, New York, Mott and Stanton organized first women’s rights convention
Passed a resolution on the Declaration of Independence, “We hold these truths to be self evident: that all men and women are created equal.”
Equality before law
The Civil War and Its Aftermath

-Economic differences and the slavery issue drove the North and the South apart
-When Lincoln was elected president the South feared that slavery would be abolished

North Versus South
Soon after the election, most southern states seceded from the Union
This sparked the civil war 1861-1865
The Confederacy surrendered in 1865 with the cost of 600,000 lives

-Challenges for African Americans
Lincoln issued the “Emancipation Proclamation” which declared enslaved African Americans free
Three amendments to the Constitution banned slavery
15th amendment gave African Americans right to vote
Other state laws imposed conditions for voter eligibility

Economic Growth and Social Reform.
U.S. after Civil War grows to lead world in industrial and agricultural production.
Transcontinental railroad (1869) opens up
Immigrations soars: Europeans settle on Atlantic coast; Asians on Pacific coast.
1900. giant monopolies control industries. Carnegie (steel). Rockefeller (oil).
Workers organize in unions like American Federation of Labor.
Looking Ahead.
By 1900 U.S. is the world’s largest democracy and leading industrial power, and global power
Spanish-American War of 1898 the U.S. acquires Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico
Chapter 23

World History
Table of Contents
Full transcript