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The Ivory Challenge

Elephants are nearlly extinct due to hunting and poaching by the thousands. If poaching continues, elephants could be extinct by 2020!!!! View this prezi to learn more on poaching, ivory, and how YOU can help!
by

Sara Cain

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of The Ivory Challenge

The Foundation
of the
Problem Major
Problems with Elephant Poaching How YOU Can
Help in the
Ivory Challenge Elephants; How People are Helping Them. When did Ivory Trading Begin? Main Problems and Causes of Ivory Trading The Ivory Challenge Killing elephants by the hundreds can lead to serious problems. For instance elephants will probably be extinct by 2020 if poaching doesn’t stop. Also, children in the future won’t be able to go to the zoo and enjoy those amazing giants. Farmers would also be at a disadvantage, because some farmers in Africa use elephants to plow the fields or help do other farm work, some farmers wouldn’t be able to make as much of a profit as they could have. By: Katherine Zhang
&
Sara Cain When was Ivory Trading Discovered? Impact Past plans Pros & Cons of Elephant Poaching By poaching elephants,
famalies get more food, but they
are poaching animals that are going to die out soon and then there will be none left for them to hunt. If they can stop poaching now and find different (hopefully more common animals) then these endangered animals
can get a jump start. Affect on Citizens and the Community Government Impact Most governments are embarassed that they can't control the Black Markets, and don't talk about the issue in public. Thailand on Sunday, March 24th, told the press they would stop ivory trade. This is hopefully the first step in getting the governments involved to stop this
on-going issue. Economy Impact In all countries there are sales taxes. Since the price of ivory has gone up about $500 per kilo this year, governments are gaining quite a bit of money from the issue. Pros
*Beautiful ivory products
*Jobs
*Food for starving families
*Families wouldn’t have to worry about elephants eating their crops

Cons
*Disrupment of nature and the ecosystem. (Ex: If elephants are a hyenas’ main source of food, then a lot of the hyenas will die of starvation and the lions and leapords will have to find another food source. So as you can see by taking out one animal, you are also taking out many others.)
*Farmers would no longer be able to get from elephants with farm work
*Elephants will become extinct
*Some cultures will lose their sacred animal
*Children in the future will not be able to see elephants at the zoo Sources:
Moss, Cynthia. "Elephant." World Book Student. World Book, 2013. Web. 26 Mar. 2013.

Elephants. n.d. Web. 27 March 2013. <http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/finder/elephants/elephants.html>. Poachers Target

African Elephant for Ivory Tusks. n.d. Web. 27 March 2013. <http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6677444>. Nielsen, John.

"Poachers Target African Elephant for Ivory Tusks." National Public Radio. (Accessed 11/28/08) http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6677444Wagener, Amy.

"Endangered Species: Traded to Death." EarthTrends. (Accessed 11/28/08)http://earthtrends.wri.org/features/view_feature.php?theme=7&fid=25 The main causes of this are: poaching for ivory tusks, habitat loss, & black markets. Poachers hunt for the food they need, but illegally. It is a bad thing that is hurting the world by depriving us of animals like the elephant. This is a major man-made conflict. Also, humans destroy much of their habitat/surroundings by clearing out land for settlements and farm land. Habitat destruction is a man-made issue. Black Markets are the biggest issue facing elephants. It’s a man-made event that keeps poaching alive. Without black markets the demand for tusks would be low and there for less people would poach(hopefully). Fast facts.
1. In central African forests, up to 30 percent of tree species may require elephants to help with dispersal and germination.

2. In Asia, the very fast growing population and technologies have severely caused the number of elephants to drop.

3. Scientist suspect that there are around 50,000 Asian elephants left in the world.

4. In 1979 scientist suspect there were around 1,300,000 African elephants alive, now they estimate there are only around 500,000.

5. At least 180 tons of tusks were smuggled out of Africa.

6. Elephant poaching and ivory busts took place in Taiwan, Singapore, Kenya, India, Japan and the Philippines this year. It’s mainly contained to the Middle East & South East Asia. Killing elephants by the hundreds can lead to serious problems. For instance, elephants will probably be extinct by 2020 if poaching doesn’t stop. Also, children in the future won’t be able to go to the zoo and enjoy those amazing giants. Farmers would also be at a disadvantage, because some farmers in Africa use elephants to plow the fields or help do other farm work, some farmers wouldn’t be able to make as much of a profit as they could have. Previous solutions:What’s been done in the past to help? Many plans have been tried to stop illegal ivory trade but some ivory always ends up in the Black Market. Past plans include putting trackers in the elephant’s tusk to see where the poachers take the tusks, sawing off the tusks of the elephants so poachers would have nothing to go for, and even using DNA to track where the elephants were hunted and killed to locate the trackers.The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)banned the international trade of ivory in 1989. Yet no matter what we do some people still poach and trade illegally. WWF (World Wildlife Fund) is doing their best to hel the elephants every day & Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra pledged to start a legislative process to end ivory trade in Thailand. Banning ivory
keeping elephants alive
tracking the tusks to find major black market centers. WWF (World Wildlife Fund) is doing their best to hel the elephants every day
&
Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra pledged to start a legislative process to end ivory trade in Thailand. Elephants help clear their communities for their neighbors unintentialy thanks to their large frames. They also help maintain and keep the mountain/forrest and savanna ecosystems. They are also tied to many Indian and African cultures and traditions. Balance & Culture In all countries there are sales taxes. Since the price of ivory has gone up about $500 per kilo this year, governments are gaining quite a bit
of money from the issue Economy Elephants are the only known survivors of a group of mammals called Proboscideans, or animals with a long snout or trunk.If elephants go extinct like their relative the mammoth.,then the world has lost a great and beautiful animal. Our only way to stop or prevent this from happening is to stop poaching and black markets for good. Global Concern Until the Late Middle Ages(mid 1400s), hunting was not an illegal crime. Hunting was limited to only the rich and powerful. The poor did not have the weapons, skill, or knowledge to hunt so in order to provide food for their family; they found another way to bring food on the table by using snares. While hunting was reserved as a privilege, it was illegal to buy and sell wild animals. It was still illegal to do so until the mid-1800s. Lots of poachers formed outlaw bands and sold animals through the black market. Buyers of Black-Market food even included wealthy people, who could not or chose not to hunt on their own. Elephant ivory has been exported from Africa and Asia for centuries with records going back to the 14th century BC. Throughout the colonisation of Africa ivory was removed, often using slaves to carry the tusks, to be used for piano keys, billiard balls and other expressions of exotic wealth. It never had to be discovered it was already going on then and everyone knew about it. Peoples' Effects on Elephants Some people trade illegally because of the money and some because of hunger or starvation. For example, many farmers kill elephants because they eat their crops some farmers do it merely for revenge. They also eat and drink many of the resources from the land. Such as water, fruit from trees and plants.There is a set amount of resources that can be shared between the humans and animals, so if there are lots of elephants around and reproducing; the humans will want to
kill them so that they don't eat/drink all of the resources. Feeding for Fencing

With this plan people could pay $3-5 during feeding
time at the zoo to feed the elephants. This money will
go to wild life reserves around the world to build fences for the elephants to protect the elephants from
poachers. These fences will also come with cameras to identify the poachers so that we can prevent these attacks, and also have beehives surrounding it so
that the elephants stay in and the poachers stay
out. Also the poachers receive punishment
for their illegal crime. Quarters for Calves

Because elephants depend so much on their mothers it is critical that when a calf’s mother is killed or taken away that the calf is taken care of. This is where Quarters for Calves will come in. In almost every zoo worldwide, 2-5 boxes will be placed at their elephants' exhibit. There the public can donate quarters, dollars, & any spare change. The change would then be sent to the Quarters for Calves headquarters, in Austin Texas.

The money goes towards:
*Media attention for the elephants
*equipment
*vehicles
*Recovery Centers (Where baby elephants will be taken.)

At the recovery centers, baby elephants would be fed, well nurtured, and would learn how to live in the wild. There would be around 60 centers throughout Africa that are all working towards this cause. Hopefully one day we will no longer need to foster orphan calves and hunters will stop killing elephants so that the elephants can live in the wild normally like they used to. Photo Gallery The End
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