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Informative Speech

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Megan Tomei-Jameson

on 20 February 2017

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Transcript of Informative Speech

Ideas: Types of Supporting Material
Examples and Narratives
Non-factual Material
Informative Speech: Beyond Research
Time: 4-6 minutes

Purpose: To inform the class in a “balanced and responsible” fashion on a topic of broader public significance. You want to tell us something we do not already know. Your topic does not need to be overly political, but it needs to be important.

Requirements: Outline and research will be required along with a bibliography in MLA or APA format.
Step 2
Narrowing and Developing the Topic
Developing the Speech
Step 4
An informative topic must be:
Creative and Fresh
Step 1: Picking a Topic
Creative and Fresh
Ask yourself:
What does the audience already know?
Is there a different perspective?
Is there a more creative way to present this information
Topic: Vegetarianism
Topic Example
Discuss something audience is unaware of or choose different perspective
Reframing Topic
Subject vs Topic
Subject: Nursing

Topic: How the nursing shortage will negatively affect the medical field and patients
Subject: a broad area of knowledge
Topic: narrower, subset of subject
Should address focus on audience
Have one person from your group log into Socrative
Aerobic exercise
Capital Punishment
Child Labor Laws
Cosmetic Surgery
Questions to Guide
Explanatory: Fat in Foods

Breaking Down the Topic

Breaking Down the Topic

Begin with a Value Step

Purpose: What you want your audience to get from the speech

Narrowing the Topic

Identify the Benefits

Central Idea: How you intend to achieve that purpose; the breakdown of the speech

Value Step/Relevancy Statement: Why should the audience listen
Speech Topic: BPA in plastic and water bottles
Most of us, if not all of us, use water bottles and plastic containers on a daily basis. Whether plastic is part of what you drink or eat, you should be aware of how the chemicals can affect you.
Speech Topic: Developments in surgical technology
While you may not be going into the medical field, we all benefit from technological innovations for surgical tools. Who knows? maybe one day these developments may save your life or the life of a loved one.
Purpose Statement
Purpose Statement: What you want the audience to know about the topic

Central Idea: How you intend on achieving that/breakdown

Value step/relevancy statement: Why should the audience listen

Alternative medicine
Cell phone etiquette
College costs
Credit card misuse/debit
Elderly drivers
Endangered species
Health care reform
Invasion of privacy
The Middle East
Pain relievers

Create the
purpose statement
central idea
value step
for your speech topic

Pick a topic and do the following activity. You will email this to me. Once I find that you have done the assignment correctly, I will then ask you to pick your own topic and do the same thing.
Complete the earlier assignment
Email is to me by Friday
I will email you back, either saying that it is correct or incorrect.
If Correct: Do the same thing (purpose statement, value step and central idea) for the topic of your choosing. This will be what you are doing for the informative speech.
If Incorrect: Follow my instructions and redo the assignment. You will not get attendance or participation points without doing the assignment correctly.
Library Database

Non Factual
Most credible form of information
Any piece of information that you can verify
Statistics, definitions, ect.
Examples, narratives, testimony and visual
Defining these as non-factual because they break up the monotony
Expert Testimony

Quote from expert in the field

Must cite individual and credibility

For example: “According to Dr. Smith, a researcher from the Cato Institute…”

Lay Testimony

Quote from non-expert

Should be used to get a “pulse” on a certain group

Quote the person and cite how they are relevant to the point you are making or how they are affected by the situation you are discussing

Pictures can sometimes be the most effective way of supporting a point when words fail you
Can also be an object, prop or video
Make sure they help your speech rather than become a distraction

Preview and Highlight.

Headline Your Visuals.

Exercise Restraint.

Choose Readable Type and Suitable Colors.

Use Appropriate Graphics
Can I use Powerpoint?
Many people declare a desperate and unwise war on food with high fat content. Fat is both necessary for one's diet and not all fat is bad.

Many of us are looking to get healthy and eliminating fat from your diet can hurt you rather than help you lose weight.

Pass around your topics & have each group member choose the one they like best
You will be watching two TED Talks. For each speech, you will need to identify the
purpose statement
central idea.
Then type that into socrative as a group.
Why did these speech topics work?
Create a purpose statement for the following topic:
Advice for car buying
Organizing your home
Ways to minimize stress
Cooking for one
Cellphone etiquette
Phone apps for health
Facts & Statistics
Short illustrations of facts

Common Currency

Genetic Markers
Stories that represent or demonstrate the concept being discussed
Hurricane Katrina
In the average one-minute speech, the typical student use 2.5 statistics. Only one student in ten tells a story. Those are the speaking statistics.
The “remembering” statistics, on the other hand, are almost a mirror Image:
"I wasn't worried about my things...it was the kids....losing the kids' stuff...that really got to me"
Lay Testimony


Name the citation generator that was recommended
Where can you find scholarly sources?
What makes a source current?
Why is the Brady Campaign a bad source?
How is research like detective work?
Name one specific example of a non-factual source
When students are asked to recall the speeches, 63% remember the stories. Only 5% remember any individual statistic.
Full transcript