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Eschatological views of Death
Transcript of Eschatological views of Death
views of Death What is Eschatology? Conclusion Eschatology is the study of last thing, the final
destiny of the world and mankind! The Unbeliever
In the words of the late President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, "I don't want to die. Please don't let me die.
For the unbeliever, death is a curse, a penalty,
A enemy in which lies no hope of victory The Outlook on Death Soul Sleep
Instantaneous Resurrection Intermediate State View Soul Sleep: Many of the supporting scripture are taken out of context. Take for example Ecc 9 & 12. the opening of this book reads "The words of the Preacher, the son of David. The writer is relying a view that streams from a human perspective, as one that lives under the sun, not the Son whom lives above all.
Furthermore, take examples Matt 17: 1-8 where Moses and Elijiah are seen alive talking to Jesus. The are scriptural Problems with all the views Things we do know
Within the bible exists indications of the righteous never descending to hell, rather their souls are at least received into paradise, and are present with the Lord
We can also conclude that upon death the believer enters immediately into a place of blessedness and unbelievers enter into a state of misery.
(Matt 16:18-19, Acts 2:31, Luke 16:19-31; 23:42, 2 Cor 5:1-10; Phil 1:19-26)
We may also conclude that body and soul can exist independently of one another. (Matt. 10:28; 2 Cor. 5:2-4; 1 Cor. 15) Three Group Views of the Intermediate State What is death? The Wikipedia defines death as the permanent cessation of all biological
functions that sustain a living organism. The process in which the bodies
living organisms begin to decompose resulting in a permanent absence of consciousness. For those of faith, pacifically faith in the Bible, death is referred to in
Ecc. 12:7 as the separation of body and soul.
James 2:26 also speaks of death as a separation of body and spirit The Orthodoxy View Liberalism View Neo Orthodoxy View Believe that upon return of Christ that both the soul and body in a renewed state would be reunited at the resurrection. A type of dualism. Disagree with the idea of the body being resurrected, thus they also reject the idea of Christ returning in a bodily form. Believe in the resurrection of the body, and no separate spiritual entity apart from it The Intermediate State Refers to a person's existence between one's death and the universal resurrection. There are three primary groups that many people fall into, Orthodox, Liberalism, Neo-Orthodox. Soul Sleep Purgatory The word Purgatory first appeared between 1160 and 1180 and is a doctrine primarily held by Roman Catholics.
Believed to be a place or state of purification or temporary punishment of those who die in a state of grace are believed to be made ready for Heaven.
Those holding to this view also believe that those in this state can benefit from prayers offered up by living believers on their behalf.
Instantaneous Resurrection The idea that upon death there will be an instant resurrection, simply put an instant re-clothing will take place, the believer instantly receive the resurrection body.
This view holds to the belief that there is between death and resurrection an intermediate state in which believers and unbelievers experience, respectively, the presence and absence of God.
One of the main contributors to this view is W.D. Davies, whom elaborates it in his book "Paul and Rabbinic Judaism." Death
open Defeated!!! The Believer
In Phil 1 Paul writes, "For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.
In short, death brings the believer into the presence of God
Death is conquered Those subscribed to soul sleep believe a person is a unitary entity with components. The body ceases function, the soul ceases to exist, nothing survives physical death. The soul simply inert and resides in the memory of God.
Those holding to this veiw often use Ecc 9:5 and 12:7 as supporting scripture. Purgatory: Here again the text conscrewed and taken out of context. In Matthew, Jesus in no way indicates that some sins will be forgiven in the life to come. The statement more so works to illustrate the severity of words spoken against the Holy Spirit.
Furthermore, the idea of purgatory implies a salvation by works, a idea that stands in contrast to the of scriptural teachings such as Galatian 3:1-14 and Ephesians 2:8-9 which teach we are saved through faith and not of works. Instantaneous Resurrection: As biblically sound as Davies argument may sound, numerous acounts with in Pauls other writes still tie Pauls over all view to that of a feature resurrection. (Phil 3:20-21, 1 Thess 4: 16-17) This belief derives from the writing of Paul, pacifically his epistles to Corinth. In 1 Cor 15 Paul writes of a future resurrection of the body, but by the time he write 2 Cor 5 his view have apparently changed. (some believed this was because by the time he wrote 2 Cor 5 Paul held a more advanced understanding of the subject.) Davies believes by the time Paul writes 2 Cor, he no longer believes in an intermediate state. He instead believe now in an immediate transition into the final state. There is some truth to that old saying, "There are only two things you can count on in life, death and taxes." How does one actually define death?
Is it merely the passing away of a person?
Is it a state of sleep?
Do we even exist?
Do we pass instantaneously to a new life, heaven, hell? The idea that the soul, during the period between death and resurrection, reposes in a state of unconsciousness
Seventh-Day Adventist hold to a similar view but instead refer to it as "Soul Extinction." (A belief that one does not fall asleep at death, but actually becomes completely nonexistent, nothing surviving.)
These doctrines largely rest upon scriptures such as Act 7:60 where Stephen said to have fell asleep. Act 13:36 where Paul writes of David having fell asleep. Paul also makes uses of this imagery on four other occasions. (1 Cor 15 and 1 Thess 4) Supportive scripture:
Matthew 12:32, Jesus says whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven in the age or in the age to come.
1 Cor 3:15, speaks of men works being burned and the man suffering lose, but the man still being saved as throught fire.