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Figurative Language

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Paul McEwen

on 26 May 2016

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Transcript of Figurative Language

Figurative language means using words to imply
another meaning or to evoke an emotion.

Figurative Language
Alliteration
Hyperbole
Alliteration is when many of the words start with the same sound.

Ex. Big bears biting berries.
Dialect
A regional or social variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary
A form of irony in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement.
Example: from To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

Walter: "Reckon I have. Almost died first year I come to school and et them pecans — folks say he pizened 'em and put 'em over on the school side of the fence.

Translated: I guess I have. I almost died the first year I came to school and ate those pecans. People say he [Mr. Radley] poisoned them and put them over on the school side of the fence.


I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
I have a million things to do.
I had a ton of homework.
If I can’t buy that new game, I will die.
He is as skinny as a toothpick.
That new car costs a bazillion dollars.
They ran like greased lightning.
He's got tons of money.
Her brain is the size of a pea.
He is older than the hills.
Imagery
Imagery is vivid descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste).
DAFFODILS

I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the Milky Way,
They stretch'd in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay:
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.
The waves beside them danced; but they
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
A poet could not but be gay,
In such a jocund company:
I gazed -- and gazed -- but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought:
For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.

- William Wordsworth
Jargon
Potentially confusing words and phrases used in an occupation, trade, or field of study. We might speak of medical jargon, sports jargon, police jargon, or military jargon, for instance.
BASEBALL JARGON: "advance a runner", "ahead in the count", "alley (or gap)", "assist", "at bat", "balk".
COMPUTER JARGON: "browser", "bus", "cache", "chip", "cookie", "CPU", "crash", "database", "download", "driver", "file", "firewall", "folder"
Metaphor
An implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something important in common.
onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to
Baa, Baa, Black Sheep
BY MOTHER GOOSE
Baa, baa, black sheep
Have you any wool?
Yes sir, yes sir, three bags full.
One for the master,
And one for the dame,
And one for the little boy
Who lives down the lane.
Personification
A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is given human qualities or abilities.
The Train

I like to see it lap the miles,
And lick the valleys up,
And stop to feed itself at tanks;
And then, prodigious, step
Around a pile of mountains,
And, supercilious, peer
In shanties by the sides of roads;
And then a quarry pare

To fit its sides, and crawl between,
Complaining all the while
In horrid, hooting stanza;
Then chase itself down hill

And neigh like Boanerges;
Then, punctual as a start its own,
Stop-docile and omnipotent-
A stable door.

by Emily Dickinson
Simile
A figure of speech in which two fundamentally unlike things are explicitly compared, usually in a phrase introduced by like or as.
Slang
a very informal kind of vocabulary. It is mostly used in speech by people who know each other well
The rabbit-hole went straight on like a tunnel for some way...
There was not a moment to be lost: away went Alice like the wind...
The Base Stealer
by Robert Francis
Poised between going on and back, pulled
Both ways taut like a tightrope-walker,
Fingertips pointing the opposites,
Now bouncing tiptoe like a dropped ball
Or a kid skipping rope, come on, come on,
Running a scattering of steps sidewise,
How he teeters, skitters, tingles, teases,
Taunts them, hovers like an ecstatic bird,
He's only flirting, crowd him, crowd him,
Delicate, delicate, delicate, delicate - now!



Friend and Unfriend
- Adding or removing someone to a circle of communication such as in FaceBook or other social media networks.
Follow and Unfollow
- To add or remove someone to the list of people whose posts you view on Twitter.
Ollie
- A skateboard trick where the rider and board leap into the air
Planking
- Laying your body on top of an object and balancing there while stretched out and stiffened.
Symbolism
A figure of speech where an object, person, or situation has another meaning other than its literal meaning.
Symbolism in The GiverThe Color Red = Fire, passion, and love. Red is a pretty intense color. So when Jonas starts seeing the color red, he's not just seeing the color red. He's seeing passion, fire, and love. That's why it's so fitting that Fiona – the girl Jonas does have feelings of attraction for – has red hair. It's also fitting that at the peak of the novel's emotional intensity – when Jonas is trying to survive and clinging onto desperately to his last bit of hope and courage – we get the color red again, this time in the sled he finds at the top of the snow-covered hill.
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