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The Federalists and Anti-Federalists
Transcript of The Federalists and Anti-Federalists
The Federalists and Anti-Federalists
The gov’t would represent many people and wouldn’t fall under sway of selfish groups
Checks and Balances would keep gov’t from becoming too powerful
The Federalist Papers
Supporters of the Constitution
Favored a strong federal government with shared power with the states
Opponents to the Constitution
Would make the national government too powerful
Increase its power of taxation
Have a large standing army
Federal courts might overrule state courts
A Strong Federal Government Might:
Be more able to represent people’s rights
Preserve democracy on small scale
Preferred a loose association of states
They compromised with the Anti-Feds and added a Bill of Rights.
Which document did the Constitution and Bill of Rights replace?
The Articles of Confederation
...A federal government...ought to be clothed with all the powers requisite (needed) to complete execution of its trust.
Energy of the Executive (branch) is a leading characteristic in the definition of good government.
I am against inserting a declaration of rights in the Constitution. If such an addition is not dangerous, it is at least unnecessary.
A Bill of Rights serves to secure the minority against the usurpation (abuse) and tyranny of the majority.
The new form of government declares a consolidation or union of all the thirteen parts, or states, into one great whole. It is intuitive truth that a consolidated...form of government will lead into monarchy, either limited or despotic.
Government never can extend equal benefit to all parts of the United States. Different laws, customs, and options exist in different states, which by a uniform system of laws would be unreasonably invaded.
The number of representatives appears to be too few, either to communicate the requisite information of the wants, local circumstances, and sentiments of so extensive an empire, or to prevent corruption and undue influence in having such powers.
This country should never split into a number of unsocial, jealous, and alien sovereignties.
If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place, oblige it to control itself.
Federalist Paper #51, written by Alexander Hamilton
[D]emocracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security, or the rights of property; and have, in general, been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths.
Federalist Paper #10, written by James Madison
“The first question that offers itself is whether the general form and aspect of the government be strictly republican. It is evident that no other form would be reconcilable with the genius of the people of America; with the fundamental principles of Revolution; or with that honorable determination which animates every votary of freedom to rest all our political experiments on the capacity of mankind for self-government.”
Federalist Paper #39, written by James Madison.
Included: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay
Wrote The Federalist Papers, 85 essays
Included: Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, and John Hancock
Federalist Paper excerpts