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Occupational CNS hazards on the rise.

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by

Ayah Bensalih

on 12 January 2015

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Transcript of Occupational CNS hazards on the rise.

By Dr. MenatAlla Fayed
Who is exposed? Q & A with Dr. Dania AlSerheed
Anything in excess can be bad!*

Eye sight occupational risks..
Head traumas! What are they?
Q: Who are the people at risk?
A: Lab workers, farmers, home products, and constructors
.

Q: Is it limited?
A: Well, it's on the rise..
Q: What are the chemicals that can irritate the eyes?
A: Chemicals, fire or dust, and even pet hair.


Q: How can we prevent it?
A: Insuring protective eye wear for all workers, like bugz eye goggles.

Q: If we took all measures, but it happened.. is there a treatment?
Yes ..
What are they?
How can they be classified?
Severity or location, age, gender, Type of force: Blunt or penetrative Body area involved, & Barell Matrix (International classification of trauma).




$1.25
Thursday, December 4, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
What is occupational health?
Industrial workers, constructive workers, soldiers, drivers (transportation), fishing industries, occupations that often involve heavy equipment or manual labor.
"The promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well being of workers in all occupations."

Occupational CNS hazards on the rise.
An article by Dr. Amal Abdulraquib
Benzene.. What's the deal?
Hearing loss .. What's the cause?
Read all about it
Alfaisal.. Warm or cold? | "Medical students are balding early", says Dr.J | They can do it! Alfaisal students break all the odds.
Normal hearing pattern:
Most NIHL( noise induced hearing loss) is caused by the damage and eventual death of these hair cells. Unlike bird and amphibian hair cells, human hair cells don’t grow back. They are gone for good.
What happens in hearing loss:
How does it happen?

Loud sound, severe exposure..
Why does it happen?

High pitch, frequency, or duration
Which occupations are more at risk?

Airline, farming, solders..
What can we do to prevent it?

Protect, eliminate, substitute

An observation by
Dr. Namariq Haroun
*Except chocolate..

What is Benzene?
Where’s the problem?


Odor, flammable, Volatile, colorless.
Where do you find it?

Natural Vs. manmade
Exposure:
Air (work, indoor, outdoor).
Water (eating & drinking).
Effects:
How serious? Long vs Short term
Factors:
Amount, route, duration, age & medical status.
Limiting damage:
Monitoring & recommendations.


Open (penetrating) or closed head injuries.
Coup &contrecoup injuries.
Diffuse axonal injury.
Frontal lobe injury.
Spinal cord injury.



Gun shot wounds, vicechle accidents, violent shaking, falling, and assault.
What are the common causes?
Types of CNS Traumatic Injuries:
What are the symptoms?
Memory loss, nausea, vomiting, confusion.

Which occupations are at more risk?
Spinal cord injuries
Brain Injuries
Brain tumors & Dry cleaning (Perchloroethylene)
It is a colorless liquid that has a sweet odor. It's widely used for dry cleaning of fabrics, hence it is sometimes called "dry-cleaning fluid."
It was marked as a

Group 2A carcinogen.
It's a danger not only to workers but also those who bring dry-cleaned clothes into their homes.
It can harm the brain & central nervous system, damage the liver &kidneys, & is likely to cause cancer.
By Dr. Ayah BenSalih
Chronic Vs. Acute
Caffeine & Formaldehyde

by Dr. Wafaa Ramadan
How does caffeine &formaldehyde affect college students.
Possible ways to prevent.
FDA distribution

2008
:
Coffee 150 ml has (60-150),Tea 40-80 in 150 ml Regular cola 64, energy drinks vary 120- 60 ml of caffeine in in 30-450 ml.
References
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/othercarcinogens/intheworkplace/formaldehyde
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=362877
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00039899909602245#.VHrfhMmjd6M
http://www.theijoem.com/ijoem/index.php/ijoem/article/viewFile/125/262
http://www.ajol.info/index.php/safp/article/viewFile/48481/34834
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/247583.php
http://ajh.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/5/475.short
http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/2085289
http://baywood.metapress.com/app/home/
http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1475-2891-6-35.pdf


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