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AP Psych Project: The Monster Study

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Emma Nettles

on 22 May 2013

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Transcript of AP Psych Project: The Monster Study

The Monster Study Conducted by Dr. Wendell Johnson & his student Mary Tudor Jacobs from the Univeristy of Iowa in 1939 Claim: "The affliction is caused by the diagnosis."

Research Method: Impose positive speech therapy with a control group and impose negative speech therapy with an experimental group

Subjects: Out of the 256 children examined, 22 children chosen from the orphanage in Davenport, Iowa

Control Group: 10 children with a stutter

Experimental Group: 12 children with normal speech Testing: Those in the control group were consoled and forgiven when a mistake was made in speech, but those in the experimental group were berated and labeled as having a speech impediment "Don't speak unless you can speak correctly. Watch your speech all the time. Do anything to keep from stuttering.'' "Take a breath before you say the word if you think you're going to stutter on it. Stop and start over if you stutter." Results: The experimental group showed extreme changes in speech from the very first session. Normal speech became difficult and many barely spoke at all by the end of the experiment. Due to the label given to them, many were ridiculed by others, and many carried the impediments for the rest of their lives. "Their speech became jerky and hesitant, and they covered their face and slid down in their chair during the sessions, according to Tudor's records." "12-year-old Phillip Spieker saw his grades plummet because he became afraid to talk in class. It's almost impossible to get the boy to speak in a situation other than play.'' "You destroyed my life. I could have been a scientist, archeaologist or even president. In stead I became a pityful stutter. The kids made fun of me, my grades fell off, I felt stupid. Clear into my adulthood, I still want to avoid people to this day.'' Implications: The research used in the 1939 study is considered highly unethical in today's standards. Wendell was one to the first to imply that speech impediments were cause by learned behavior attributed by external sources, which shed light onto new research on genetic and biological factors as well
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