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New York City

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on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of New York City

New York City: A Brief History
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
New York's Establishment
Was first settled as New Amsterdam in 1624
It turned into New York when Peter Stuyvesant surrendered to the British. It was renamed in honor of the Duke of York
It quickly became a trade hub. It would be the first literal, economic, and cultural capital of the United States.
It became diverse quickly as well because of its open immigration policy
Sailed to Not Fail
In 1664 an English fleet sailed into the
harbor of New Amsterdam, and Stuyvesant surrendered without a struggle. As immigration grew, discrimination and political disputes arose.
The Great Depression
World War II
Ezry Martin
Letitia Monreal

The real reason the Dutch settled here was for a
base of operations and to increase the profits for
the Dutch West Indies Company
The Dutch gave the Indians 600 guilders
(about 1000$ today) for the purchase of Manhattan.
The problem was that the Dutch understood
this deal as
permanent, while the Indians thought that
it was temporary. This led to violence
Manhattan would quickly take on a
flat/man-made feel,
Peter Stuyvesant
Was given the unfortunate job of cleaning up New York's reputation
During his rule as governor, great improvements were made to the city. He quickly set it on a path to economic success.
The Beginning
in 1664, Stuyvesant
was forced to
to the British.
Stuyvesant's Rule
It made colonists want to build better houses and taverns
Established a market
The population grew from 2,000-8,000
However, one big problem with NY is that is quickly developed a scandalous reputation. It was populated mostly by young single men who just wanted to make money.
It consisted of pubs, taverns and brothels
They turned it into an immoral, vice filled city.
In 1686:
A charter was put into effect. This reorganized New York into counties (we know them as the five boroughs)
Dongan Hills in Staten Island was actually a huge land grant that was given to Thomas Dongan for his personal estate.
However, there was still a counsel appointed by Britain to oversee everything
American Revolution
New York was actually a British strong point in this war. Despite this, NY was strategically important to both sides, and especially George Washington.
When the war was OVER, it brought new beginnings to the city of New York. It would grow even more and would become important to America as a whole.
The Civil War
New York was greatly opposed to the war
The Civil War brought draft riots, about 35 people probably died.
The violence of the riots caused New Yorkers to be anxious over any sort of urban unrest. This is something that remains even in the present day
The 1970s: an interesting decade
The Roaring Twenties
NY had a booming economy during this time, mainly because Europe kept borrowing money to recover from WWI
This led to the growth of the skyline and an increase in the number of jobs.
New York also had a cultural revolution. Theater and the arts were prominent
New York was so high up in the financial world that the moment that the Stock Market crashed, combined with European debt and other international factors, New York collapsed.
This all greatly affected New York’s political attitude, becoming the largest liberal state and nerve-center to the Democrats, since the New Deal hugely stimulated its economy and infrastructure.
Many people couldn't even afford food. The depression would last about eleven years (1923-1940) and would scar the city
The war heavily stimulated the economy. New York became the main port of debarkation for soldiers. This meant that there was alot of money coming into the city, just like during the Civil War and World War I.

Between 1945-1968, both NY and the United States experienced a big and long economic boom that resulted from this post-war economy. Alot of people had children, and the result of this was the "Baby Boom" generation.

This was one of the worst decades because there was a lot of corruption that was going on.
Businesses had large control and influence over politics and the police.
There were also the drug lords and many other underground things that were hidden and illegal.
Poverty and unemployment were at very high rates.
• The world embarked on a new credit revolution in the 1980s, and the city, with its vast financial networks, was able get its fair share of profit. Economically, New York’s financial institutions remain as important as ever
The 2000 Census indicated that one out of seven New Yorkers was born outside the United States and immigrated here
The present age reveals that more New Yorkers continue to be born elsewhere, and move here, reflecting the city's desirability

• After Sep 11th, one fact remained undisputed: Just as the attackers chose their targets for their symbolic value, the people of New York proved more determined than ever to reassert these values that have always been at the heart of the New York experience
New York exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment.
The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has been described as the cultural capital of the world.
It is home to more than 8 million proud New Yorkers.
Henry Hudson
Was paid by the
Dutch East India
Company to find a
North West passage
to the Orient.
The gender in New Amsterdam was
populated by mostly white males.
There were a few results to Peter Stuyvesant's rule:
Immigration Policy
The colony of New York developed the open immigration policy to make trade more possible and less costly. In addition, it created a
better life with more freedom.
The ethnic diversity of New York was very diverse.
Dewitt Clinton
Dewitt Clinton helped found of the
canal the connected the Hudson to the Erie, which made it easier for New York Settlers to trade.
Alexander Stewart’s company was one of the largest brokers in NY and met the transportation needs of its consumers.
Alexander Stewart
Full transcript