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Copy of Classroom Teaching Method: Inductive and Deductive
Transcript of Copy of Classroom Teaching Method: Inductive and Deductive
"from general to specific" it is a process of starting with a generalization and arriving at a specific statement It is the reverse of induction or generalization Definition: Deductive Teaching Method syllogism is a deductive inference consisting of two premises and a conclusion all of which are categorical propositions Well known example of deductive scheme is "syllogism" All books from that store is new
The books came from that store
Therefore, these books are new Example of Syllogism "Water Cycle" Water Cycle is made up of a few main parts:
collection Introduction The earth has a limited amount of water. That water that goes around and around in what we call the "Water Cycle" Statement of a Generality Evaporation is when the sun heats up water in rivers or lakes or the ocean and turns it into vapor or steam. The water vapor or steam leaves the river, lake or ocean and goes into the air Explanation of the General Idea Condensation happens when the water vapor in the air gets cold and changes back into liquid form, forming clouds Precipitation occurs when so much water has condensed that the air cannot hold it anymore. The clouds get heavy and water falls back to the earth in the form of rain, hail, sleet or snow Collection is when the water falls back to earth as precipitation, it may fall back in the oceans, lakes or rivers or it may end up on the land. When it ends up on land, it will either soak into the earth and become part of the "ground water" that plants and animals use to drink or it may run over the soil and collect in the oceans, lakes or rivers where the cycle will start Illustration Name the processes of the Water Cycle Evaluation The evaluation phase usually in the form of oral, written, and performance test is administered to find out how much the students have absorbed and to provide pertinent data which could be later used to improved instruction to facilitate the explanation of relatively difficult and abstract topics to the students. Applicability of Deductive Method 4. Present a problem that will really be a good material for active group discussion this problem should not be factual; select a problem that is part of the present lesson of the class and that will make the students think critically 5. Have a sharing period when the different groups give their own answer to the question Take Note!
the teacher does not take side with any group
the teacher can ask questions for clarifications
The teachers are encourage to praise the students output 6. Conduct a lecture session to make the answers to the question clear to the students lecture is very necessary to give further clarification, to add salient points not given by the students, to correct certain misinterpretations and to tighten some loose ends Lecture combined with students' discussion is certainly most welcome to our learners since they are given the chance to process information Demonstration-Lecture Demonstration-Lecture combination aims to concretizing the teacher's lecture with an actual demonstration Film-Showing_Discussion highly stimulating and appealing to students and discussion tends to become straight-forward aside from being vivid Strategies involved in Film-Showing Discussion: Introduction and raising questions about the film
Answering questions formed and discussing some salient points seen in the film Reporting-Discussion After a student makes a report, the class can actively engage in an interesting discussion of the various ideas he has shared with his classmates. The teacher can enliven the session by asking relevant and clarifying ideas.The discussion done after a report can tighten up loose points Inductive-Deductive The students are guided to proceed from simple to complex. Later, they use this complex or general idea to draw out new simple or particular cases. During the process, whatever generalization they are able to formulate from the data they have collected the save generalization is further reinforced by citing new set or examples Example of Inductive-Deductive The students arrived at a statement that a population is the total number of people occupying a given land area at a given time. They could also use this definition in understanding the grouping tendency forms of other organisms Thank You!!!