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Kate Warren

on 5 January 2010

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Transcript of Nutrition

Nutrition Unit Carbohydrates A nutrient that serves as the major source of energy. Simple Carbohydrates such as sugars
are found in foods such as milk, fruits
candy, and cookies.
Complex Carbohydrates such as starches
are found in cereals, bread, rice, pasta, and
starchy vegetables are good sources of starch. Without carbohydrates it will not provide the best energy source this will deplete protein supplies needed for growth & repair of body tissues. Proteins ~a nutrient found in every cell in your body Protein is made of amino acids needed for growth, maitnence & repair of body tissue Without adequate protein growth is stunted. Food sources are meat, poultry, fish, milk, cheese, & eggs. FATS are concentrated sources of food and energy Saturated fats- solid at room temperature Ex: meat, and butter, foods that come from aimal sources

Unsaturated fats- most often liquid at room temperature Ex: corn oil, and soy bean oil, foods that come from plant sources Fats are needed to help the body distribute and use citamins, also suppy essentioal fatty acids wich are needed for normal growth. Problems that arise with to much fat in your diet.

~excessive cholesterol
~heart attack
~Weight problems Food sources
meat, butter, corn oil, soybean oil, eggs, & shellfish Minerals Are inorganic substances needed for building tissue and regulating body functions. ~CALCIUM~
is most abundant minerals in the body.
Used to regulate other minerals. Without calcium a persons bones would serve as a reserve to fill immediate calcium needs, the blood would clot & you would be at a risk of osteoporosis. ~FLOURINE~
needed for the proper development of bones & teeth helps reduce tooth decay ~IODINE~
present in small amounts but is essential for good health
Its used to make Thyroxine which controlls the rate wich the body uses nutrients.
When diet is low in iodine the thyroid gland enlarges this conition is called goiter. Seafood and salt
Combines with protien to make hemoglobin (carries oxygen from lungs to cells)
A diet without an adquate amount of iron results in iron deficiancy anemia, fatique, pale skin, poor appetite.
Food sources- meat, dried beans, peas, and eggs
help maintain balance of fluids
To little amounts o zinc in a chld's food can stunt gowth
Food sources- meat, fish, pultry, whole grains, and some legumes are good sources of zinc Vitamins organic substances need for normal growth and body maintenence Water soluble- are not stored in the body to a great extent
Excess amounts of water-soluble vitamins are excreted in the urine, therefore
you need to eat good sources of this vitamin everyday.
The B viamins and vitamin C are water soluble.
These vitamins can be lost during cooking this is why it is a good idea to cook
most foods quickly using as little water as possible.
Problems that can occur are nausea, depression, loss of appetite and fatigue Fat soluble- these are vitamins that can be stored in your body in fatty tissues and in the liver.
Fat soluble vitamins- A,D,E,K vitamins
Problems that can occur are, too much vitamin K can be toxic, excessiv amounts of vitamin D can result in diarrhea, nausea, and headache.
Vitamin B- meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and dairy products
Vitamin C- citrus fruits, strawberries, cantaloupe, peppers, broccoli, and tomatoes Water
helps carry nutrients to the cells Water also carries waste products, aids in digestion, and regulates body temperature
You should try to drink 6 to 8 glasses a day.
You get additional water from the foods you eat.
Food sources- soup, watermelon, tomatoes, and even breads and meats
Poor sources- fruit punch, soft drinks, coffe, tea, and cola.
Full transcript