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Abyssal Zone Biome

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Dayton Berreth

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Abyssal Zone Biome

Dayton Berreth Abyssal Zone Locations Turbidity
The amount of sediment in the water
Ocean Currents
Control the movements of many organisms in the abyss
Pressure
Organisms in the Abyssal Zone must be able to stand massive amounts of pressure.
Up to 11,000 psi
Temperature
Creatures must be able to withstand cold with temperature ranging from zero to four degrees Celsius
Hydrothermal Vents
Through these vents super heated water comes in contact with the freezing water of the abyss to create powerful currents of debris
Supports many organisms Abiotic Factors Biotic Factors Trophic Level Pyramid Microbes Food Web Biome Relationships Endangered Species/Coelacanth It would be almost impossible for succession to occur in the Abyssal Zone Succession There currently is no human impact on the Abyssal Zone due to the extreme pressure, lack of light, and temperature

With advancements in technology humans soon will be able to explore the Abyssal Zone more in depth

Human Impact/ Predictions Works Cited
About The Abyssal Zone: The Ocean Deep. (n.d.). Find Science & Technology Articles, Education Lesson Plans, Tech Tips, Computer Hardware & Software Reviews, News and More at Bright Hub. Retrieved October 9, 2012, from http://www.brighthub.com/environment/science-environmental/articles/60013.aspx

Abyssal Zone Biome. (n.d.). The Wild Classroom: Biology Videos and Podcasting via Ecogeeks. Retrieved October 9, 2012, from http://www.thewildclassroom.com/biomes/abyssal.html

Girard, L. (n.d.). Animals Found in the Abyssal Zone | eHow.com. eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. Retrieved October 9, 2012, from http://www.ehow.com/list_6755791_animals-found-abyssal-zone.html

The Marine Abyssal Zone. (n.d.). Angelfire: Welcome to Angelfire. Retrieved October 9, 2012, from http://www.angelfire.com/scifi2/daedra06/

Steviedewa. (n.d.). Abyssal Zone - College Essays - Steviedewa. Free Term Papers, Research Papers, Essays, Book Notes | StudyMode.com. Retrieved October 9, 2012, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Abyssal-Zone-244715.html Microbes
Tiny organism that only can be seen with a microscope
They serve as the Abyssal Zone producer
Giant Squid
A large creature that can be as big as a school bus
The Giant Squid is one of the main predators in the Abyssal Zone and a rare sight
Viperfish
A fast fierce fish with fangs that don't even fit in its own mouth
The Viperfish is one of the top predators in the Abyssal Zone as well as the rest of the ocean
Deep Sea Shrimp
Very little is known about Deep Sea Shrimp other than they are capable of bioluminescence (The ability to produce light with body chemical reactions) which allows them to see in the dark abyss
The Deep Sea Shrimp are a primary consumer of the Abyssal Zone
Oarfish
The Oarfish is the longest documented fish in the world and is found in many other parts of the ocean
This fish plays a minor role in the Abyssal Zone as a secondary consumer Producers Primary Consumers Illustration of a Giant Squid to compare size to a Whale Viperfish Secondary Consumers Tertiary Consumers Hyrdothermal Vents Deep Sea Shrimp Various Microbes Deep Sea Shrimp Viper Fish Giant Squid Coelacanth Deep Sea Shrimp Oarfish Giant Squid Viper Fish Coelacanth Anglerfish Predator-Prey
Predator-Anglerfish
Prey-smaller fish
Competition

Mutualism

Commensalism

Parasitism There are no species currently "endangered" in the Abyssal Zone

The Coelacanth was believed to be extinct since the cretaceous period
The Coelacanth was discovered in 1938 when it was caught by a fisherman on the coast of South Africa
The Coelacanth resides in the abyssal zone as well as many other areas of the ocean Coelacanth
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