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American Revolution: Cause and Effect Timeline
Transcript of American Revolution: Cause and Effect Timeline
Proclamation of 1763 (October 7th)
To avoid having to defend the colonists beyond the Appalachian Mountain range.
King George prohibited any movement west of the Appalachian mountains.
Angered colonist whom seemed to believe that they had the right for westward expansion.
Quartering Act (May 15, 1765)
Indirect taxing on the colonists to give the shelter, food and transportation to the British soldiers.
Angered colonists due to the pointless "protection" by the British from the French.
Sugar Act (April 5, 1764)
Forced colonists to pay a 6 pence tax on all foreign sugared goods.
Tax was later reduced from 6 Pence to 3 pence.
Angered the colonists for the outrageous tax.
Taxation without representation.
Stamp Act (March 22,1765)
Taxing by the British government on all printed goods in an attempt to support the maintenance of troops within the colonies.
Heavy opposition by the colonists whom were not only unable to pay the taxes but were also unwilling to pay taxes.
Many protesting and resistance to tax.
"Taxation without Representation."
Created By: Jade Phillips
A polite attempt to get the king of Britain to repeal the said acts.
NOT AN ATTEMPT TO FREE THEMSELVES FROM BRITISH RULE.
The repeal of the act but the inevitable of more acts to come.
Stamp Act Congress (October 7-25, 1765)
Declaratory Act (March 18, 1766)
Justify the repeal of the Stamp Act/ save face.
Parliament's authority was the same in America as it was in Britain.
Parliament asserted authority and passed laws.
Colonists attempted the crown's reconciliation.
Townshend Revenue Act (June 29, 1767)
Taxes on lead, paint, teas, oil, paper,and glass.
Boycotts on all British goods was enacted by the colonies in opposition to the Townshend Act.
Further angering and jeopardizing relations with the colonies.
Taxes continued to build tension between the colonies and the British.
Physical and verbal abuse shown on both sides.
Tension burst on March 5th
Harassment on Private Hugh White by a group of colonists.
Captain Thomas led group of soldiers to break
Boston Massacre (March 5,1770)
Burning of the Gaspee (June 10,1772)
Customs ships began to patrol the seas.
British began to regain their control over the colonies.
The Gaspee was set on fire.
The British did this to gain control and attempt to eliminate freedom.
Tea Act (May 10, 1773)
British attempt to help the East India Tea Company.
Sold tea directly to the colonies.
Sold at bargain prices.
Colonists believed it was to support the Townshed Acts.
Imposed on local merchants.
Caused there to be 18 million pounds of unsold tea due to boycotting.
Dock workers refused to unload ships of tea. (causing loads of tea to become rotted and unfit for sale.
Eventually led to the Boston Tea Party.
Boston Tea Party (December 16,1773)
British forced colonists to purchase tea from the East India Company
The Tea Act bypassed all local merchants
Sons of Liberty dressed up as "Mohawk Indians" went in the middle of the night to dump all the tea off of three different British ships.
British response to the Boston Tea Party.
Re-gain control over the colonies.
To lessen the potential growth of colony strength, Canadian boarder was expanded to the Ohio River.
Untied the Colonies against British rule.
Patriotic leaders were called to discuss the major issues against Great Britain.
Intolerable/Coercive Acts (May-June1774)
First Continental Congress (September 1774)
Patriotic leaders called together to discuss the British's "Intolerable Acts"
Discuss how to assert their rights in the British's eyes.
Boycott of British goods and passed new resolutions for Colonial rights
Decided to meet again in May 1775 if the British did not change their ways.
Battles of Lexington and Concord (April 19,1775)
British soldiers sent to demolish American supplies of ammunition and arms.
Sent to arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock.
First shots of Revolution fired by British soldiers.
Killing 8 Minutemen
Injuring 10 Minutemen
Marking the beginning of the American Revolution.
The Second Continental Congress (May 10, 1775)
Lexington and Concord
Killing of the Minutemen in defense of their positions.
A continental army was to be created
Authorized printing of money.
A foreign relations candidate was chosen if help was ever needed to be called upon.
Capture of Fort Ticonderoga (May 10, 1775)
Fort defended by French Troops
Fort was seriously damaged
Opposing side was not heavily armed with British troops.
Fort held strong with heavy artillery.
French rushed the fort to gain artillery to better help push British out of Boston.
British desire to take control of Breeds' hill from Patriotic Militia
American Militia defends off 2 British charges before retreating.
Creating the British to suffer heavy losses with;
Battle of Bunker Hill (June 17, 1775)
Olive Branch Petition (July 5, 1775)
American's last attempt to achieve peace with the British
Petition was ignored by the British.
Thomas Paine- first to openly suggest independence from the British.
Inspired American's to further rebel against Britain.
Immense inspiration to Thomas Jefferson.
Thomas Paine's Common Sense Publishing (January 9, 1776)
Continental Congress Signs the Declaration of Independence (July 4, 1776)
Congress accepts the Declaration of Independence.
Written by Thomas Jefferson
America rejoices in their independence from the British.
Become the United States of America.
Declaratory Acts Short: