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Transcript of Mikhail Gorbachev
He was the Russian President from 1989-1991
He was born on March 2, 1931 Mikhail Gorbachev Started out as a peasant's son with no hopes for any government involvement.
When he was only 15 he joined the Komosol (Young Communist League)
He drove a combine harvester there for the next 4 years
In 1952 he entered the law school of Moscow State University
After graduating law school he entered the communist party.
Gorbachev got omitted into the General committee and became the Secretary of the Communist party in 1984
His main goal was to resuscitate the Soviet economy through his new idea of perestroika and glasnost
In 1989 he became President of Russia.
Although his plan to create a better economy failed, he was able to do many more things with it, such as ending the Cold War. What is Perestroika and Glasnost? Perestroika (restructuring) and Glasnost (openness) was a new economic plan that Mikhail Gorbachev came up with. It allowed a more free market system, so Russia is able to commute and trade with other countries cooperatively. It also allowed more freedom to the people, press, and the market, as mentioned before. Perestroika and Glasnost began the start of democratization in Russia,and the fall of communism. Although this economic plan failed, it began democratization in Russia, and they are no longer a communist country. Mikhail Gorbachev's role in the Cold War In the Cold War, an arms race between many countries, Russia was considered one of the two most powerful countries in the world. The problem was that they were being economically "weighed down" from the making of weapons and artillery in the arms race. In December 1987, Gorbachev and Reagan signed an agreement for the destruction of all stocks of nuclear-tipped missiles. This was the beginning to the end of the Cold War. Perestroika and glasnost come into play After signing the treaty with Reagan, Mikhail used his concept of restructuring to pull out of the arms race, withdrawing troops from Afghanistan. Over the next two years the communist governments of Germany and Hungary collapsed. Gorbachev took action immediately, withdrawing troops everywhere and refused to use the army. Thus, the Cold War was ended as the communist governments continued to fall. Russia Now Russia is still in the process of democratization today. You could call them a "developing government" country. This means that they do not yet have a fully developed government. They are no longer a communist country, and the people and press have more rights.