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03.02 Big Picture Africa: Assessment
Transcript of 03.02 Big Picture Africa: Assessment
The Impact of Geography
People living at Great Zimbabwe also practiced agriculture and cattle herding, this became a problem after awhile. Too many people living and farming one small area led to environmental degradation. Eventually the land was no longer able to sustain such a large number of people. The land was sparsely inhabited because of the density of the tropical rainforest.
People were involved in both agricultural and hunting/gathering activities. By around 1400 CE, pastoralists had entered the savannah regions to the east and southeast of the forest. Through the interaction of pastoralists and agriculturalists, these people began to organize themselves into institutionalized states.
Social, Political, Religious, and Economic activities
Great Zimbabwe was a state in this region of southern Africa with much political, economic, and military power. With its formation, social and political organization became more hierarchical. This involved a move from village level organization to a larger, broader social and political organization resulting in the Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe.
Origins and civilization of the Kingdom :
During my childhood days , I would always be impatient to hear the stories that my grandpa let out. He started from the origin of the great Zimbabwe. The word Zimbabwe literally means "stone dwelling" in the Shona language. Thus, Great Zimbabwe is appropriately named because it is indeed a great stone dwelling!. Great Zimbabwe existed between approximately the 12th and 15th centuries CE, and it is the largest of about 150 ruins found in the land around the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers. This area was filled with granite that was used as building material.
The Great Zimbabwe was once a great trading civilization, which sprang up in the interior of southern Africa. Civilization had some contact with outside groups, Great Zimbabwe was built and managed by Africans living in the interior.
The Great Zimbabwe
Dark gray clouds covered the sky only letting a few rays of sun to pass through, as I walked through the lush green grass of Zimbabwe I remembered how I used to hold my grand father's hand and listen to his stories about this great land of ours. It was now summer of the 15th century and an unusual time for the rain to pour. All farmers were preparing to go home and so I started to leave as well as we cannot work for the rain.
''Stone Dwelling Zimbabwe''
It was a center of gold and ivory trade. In the Great Zimbabwe, the people living there were trading with regions as far as China, Persia, and Syria. Chinese porcelain, engraved glass from the Middle East, and metal ornaments from West Africa had crept into Great Zimbabwe and they participated in a comprehensive trade network during the 13th and 14th centuries. Gold was probably its chief export and East African cities — especially those along the coast that had overseas connections — were most likely its primary trading partners.