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MatthewGarza 9

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Matthew Garza

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Transcript of MatthewGarza 9

GENERAL INFO Name: Armenia
Capital/ Pop: Yerevan/ 1.11 million
Area: 11,506 sq. Mi. Arable Land % : 16.78%
Physical Features: Lake Sevan; Mt. Aragat; Debed R. & Araks R. & Hrazdan R.
Total Population 2,970,495 Density: 259 people/ sq. mi.
Form of Gov.: Republic
Head of Gov./ Head of State: Prime Minister Tigran SarGSIAN/ President Serzh SarGSIAN
Neighboring Countries: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan- Naxicivan exclave
Crude Birth Rate: 12.9/1000 Crude Death Rate: 8.49/1000 Growth Rate: .107%
Infant Mortality Rate: 18.21/1000 live births
Life Expectancy: Male: 69.85/ Female 77.56
Literacy Rate: 99.6% Male: 99.7% Female: 99.4%
Main Imports: natural gas, petroleum, tobacco products, foodstuffs, diamonds
Main Exports: pig iron, unwrought copper, nonferrous metals, diamonds, foodstuffs, energy
Per Capita GNP/GDP: $17.95 billion; per capita $5,400
Currency: Drams
Real Growth Rate% : 4.6% Inflation: 7.7%
Unemployment: 5.9%
Labor Force: 1.194 million Ag: 44.2% Ind: 16.8% Serv:39%
Natural Resources: small deposits of gold,, copper, zinc, bauxite
Trade Partners: Russia, Iran, Germany, U.S., Belgium, Georgia Ukraine, Italy Population Projected Population: 2025- 3,307,400 people
2050- 3,094,200 people
Infant Mortality Rate: 18.21/ 1000 live births
Total Fertility Rate: 1.7 children
Urban Population: about 1,901,117 people or 64%
CO2 Emissions Per Capita: 1.4 metric tons per capita
Population With Access to Clean Water: Urban-98%
Rural-93%
Number of Vehicles Per Capita: 105 vehicles per 1000 people
Economically Active: Male- 75%
Female-60%
HIV Infection: Male- .1% of pop.
Female- .1% of pop.
Total- .1% of total pop. PROFILE 1 DATA SHEET ARMENIA MAP Armenia's political features, its major cities, were specifically placed where they would flourish. Alaverdi, Vanadzor, Hrazdan, and the capital city Yerevan are all located on the two of the three major rivers in Armenia, the Hrazdan and Debed rivers. This is very well planned as the cities can use these waterways for trade, irrigation and transportation. Sevan and Vardenis are also well placed as they can access Lake sevan easily for irrigation and power. As of now, Armenia's location causes it to be landlocked with no quickly accessible paths to the ocean. this makes its rivers and lakes all the more important, thus explaining the location of its cities. Armenia is about 1/6 arable, this is not alot, yet it is not too little either. In fact almost half of the labor force is in the business of agriculture, a very largepercent, given the amount of arable land. Map Explanation Profile 3 Population Statistics Armenia is located roughly towards the mid to end section of the third stage of the demographic transition model. Recent statistics have Armenia's CBR at 12.9/ 1000 and its CDR at 8.49/ 1000. This means it has a low death rate and a slightly larger birth rate. the population growth rate is still growing, but it is slowing down dramatically. the demographis transition model is split into four sections. The first is the product of a high death and birth rate as a result of the lack of medical advancements which yields a small population. With the introduction of medicine, the death rate drops dramatically causing a rapid population growth rate as the birth rate continues to stay high producing the second stage of the DTM. The third stage occurs as the population of a country becomes educated about child birth, contraceptives, and as the women become educated and are allowed jobs and equality. Whenthis happens the birth rate drops and the population growth rate bgins to slow. This eventually leads to the population stabling out at a high number as the CBR and CDR level out at a very low number which is the fourth stage of the DTM. As you can see by Armenia's numbers, They have a low death rate and a dropping birth rate, putting them snuggly in stage 3.
"Charts & Maps by Topic." Charts & Maps by Topic.
N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.prb.org/DataFinder/Topic.aspx?cat=3>.
"Demographic Transition Model (DTM)." Revision World. Revision World, n.d. Web. 04 Jan.
2013. <http://revisionworld.co.uk/gcse
-revision/geography/population/demographic-transition-model-dtm>.
Hakobyan, Julia. "Sbidag: A Small Island of Syria in Yerevan." ArmeniaNow.com.
ArmeniaNow, 14 Dec. 2012. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
<http://armenianow.com/society/features/42005/syria_conflict_
syrian_armenians_sbidag_restaraunt>.
"International Programs." - Region Summary. N.p.,n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.census.gov/population/international/data/idb/region.php>.
Rosenberg, Matt. "Demographic Transition." About.com Geography. About.com,
2013. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
<http://geography.about.com/od/culturalgeography/a/demotransition.htm>. Abrahamyan, Gohar. "Talking Green: PM Tells Diaspora Environmentalists His Government
Hears Their ..." ArmeniaNow.com. ArmeniaNow, 11 Dec. 2012. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
<http://armenianow.com/society/environment/41869/green_movement_tigran_
sargsyan_teghut_diaspora>.
"Central Intelligence Agency." CIA. CIA, 27 Dec. 2012. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
<https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/am.html>.
"Free Blank Outline Map of Armenia." Free Blank Outline Map of Armenia. About.com, n.d.
Web. 04 Jan. 2013. <http://geography.about.com/library/blank/blxarmenia.htm>.
"Geography." Infoplease. Infoplease, 2000. Web. 04 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107292.html>.
"Natural Features." Armenia Information. Armenian Tourism Development Agency, 2003.
Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <http://www.armeniainfo.am/about/?section=natural>.
Political Map of Armenia and Armenian Details Map. Digital image. Political Map of
Armenia and Armenian Details Map. N.p., 2009. Web. 04 Jan. 2013. Bibliography... PING COUNTRY ARMENIA Current Event Current Event Response Right now hundreds of Syrian-Armenians are currently evacuating Syria in an attempt to flee the war going on in Syria. Because of this, the Syrian-Armenians are forced to adapt to a new lifestyle in Armenia. This means they must find new jobs, which, in Armenia are far and few between because of the lack of jobs left, new homes, new schools, in a place where everything is foreign to them. So as a result of this, small pockets, ethnic neighborhoods in a sense, of Syrian-Armenians have popped up in large cities such as Yerevan. These places offer schools, restaurants and other public places to the refugees from Syria in an attempt to remind them of home. But not only that they have significantly increased the popultaion in Armenia's larger cities such as Yerevan because of the increasing number of refugees evacuating Syria and fleeing to Armenia. Sbidag is just one example of this, but there are hundreds of places just like this that can be found in these ethnic clusters.
This article can be tied to many topics in Geography. Refugees, ethnicity, civil wars, ethnic neighborhoods, etc.. MIgration though is a broad topic that can cover the very core of this event taking place. The refugees fleeing from Syria are migrating to the large cities in Armenia and thus are increasing population. This is a very unfortunate, but common form of forced migration that can very quicly increase the population of a country.In paragraphs 4-10 we can see in detail the effects of forced migration to Armenia including a very large influx of students. Causing shifts in the way the education system works because of the adjustments made to adapt to the refugees language and culture. Amazingly, this all can be wrapped back up to the forced migration of the Syrian-Armenians. Armenia Current Event Current Event Response Many nature activists in Armenia are becoming increasingly unhappy with the government. More and more dangerous mining operations have been occuring in Armenia and many of these activists are concerned with the threat this could cause to the nature and land in Armenia. Armenia is housing hundreds of active and inactive mines that are potentially harming the natural landscape of Armenia.
This article has roots in the very essence of geography... geography, the natural world. These human constructions in nature are altering the landscape and enviroment of Armenia. These mines can cause pollution and the clearing of natural landscapes for dams, mines and roads can lead to serious deforestation conflicts. The introduction of all the human technology into the landscape is overwhelming and they are causing much harm to Armenia and yet no seemingly easy solutions can be found to satisfy both the activists and Armenian government. And while these solutions are being hassled over, more and more mining construction projects and dams are being erected all over Armenia. PORTFOLIO BY: Matthew Garza General Info Population http://armenianow.com/society/environment/41869/green_movement_tigran_sargsyan_teghut_diaspora http://armenianow.com/society/features/42005/syria_conflict_syrian_armenians_sbidag_restaraunt Culture Profile 3 Հայաստան եղբայր Translations Religious Distribution Religion In Armenia, the religious distribution throughout the country is not very diverse, being that almost one hundred percent of the country is Armenian Apolistic. There are small pockets of different religions in Armenia these consist of pockets of Yezidi, Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Russian Orthodox. The effects of Christianity are so rooted in Armenia culture it affects the very landscape and history of Armenia. Legend goes that Noah's Ark eventually rested between the peaks of Mt. Ararat and that the people of Armenian are direct descendants of Noah. Christianity was first introduced by the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus and spread about by the Christian followers, one of them being a man named Gregory. Gregory was thrown into a pit by then King Trdat who later went mad. He sister eventually helped him regain his sanity and the king released Gregory after 13 years who baptized the king. King Trdat then converted his entire kingdom to Christianity and made Christianity, Armenian Apolistic, the official state religion. This officially made Armenia the first nation to declare Christianity as the official state religion in 301 AD. Christianity, being ninety-nine percent of Armenia's religious makeup, is a universalizing religion found all over the world. Language Distribution Armenian is the official language of Armenia Language Religion Language Tree Language Thematic Map of Armenia Current Events Article http://www.armenianow.com/arts_and_culture/43015/armenian_film_garegin_nzhdeh Current Events Summary Recently, a new movie/documentary has been released in Armenia. The movie entitled, "Nzhdeh Lives", was released January 27th and 28th. Weeks before the release a small preview clip that was very controversial was released to the horror and dismay of the Armenian people. It depicted their hero saying in russian " I am Garegin Nzhdeh" which then sparked the creation of hundreds of videos mocking the character that popped up on Youtube and many other social networking sites. The problem is, this short clip shown was not seen in the context of the movie, which clarified any controversies that popped up against it, so unless you have seen the movie, you could never have known this. But as more and more peopled viewed the movie, it was credited with praise and admiration from its many audiences who found it exciting and riveting. The movie follows the lifeline of Nzhdeh who was a revered hero in Armenia. He felt a strong sense of attachment to his home country and did much to help it. It is quite a moving story and receives much applause at the conclusion of the movie
In many ways this article is connected to culture and to pop culture specifically, as it has links to social networking, blogging, cinema, and national heroes. Pop culture, or popular culture, is the common culture of the ever-changing world. Popular culture is a large, heterogenous population, typically urban, with a rapidly changing culture. Things such as movies, music, people in theater, fashion, and the internet are all parts of the popular culture. This movie in itself is a part of the web that makes up the popular culture of Armenia. The many controversial parodies and posts on social networking sites and Youtube start out as ideas in the minds of the Armenian population but, as soon as it enters the internet, it becomes a small section of the popular culture. Just as the pop culture changes in the world, the pop culture of Armenia is constantly changing and this is because of the change of things such as the cinematic and internet worlds, Work Opportunities

-Agriculture is the largest industry in Armenia and employs the most workers. There are many types of crops grown, many of which are grown commercially. Some important crops include grapes, apricots, figs, peaches, pomegrants, potatoes, and sugar beets.

-Other large employment industries include:
-machine tools, trucks, electric motors which is the more mechanical side of Armenia
-gem cutting and jewelry making, which is a skilled art performed by gifted craftsmen
-and shoes/textiles, which harbor the majority of large factory employers. Sports and Acticities

-The most popular sports in Armenia for people of all ages are football (soccer), basketball, volleyball, and hockey.

_Tennis is played at an international level in Armenia and is taken very seriously.

_ For people who like to venture out of their comfort zones, the mountaineous terrains of the country provide an excellent area for mountain climbing, and the many lakes and rivers provide places for people to waterski and sail.

_ Armenia takes part in the olympics as well and competes in a variety events. These includeboxing, wrestling, weightlifting, judo, gymnastics, track and field, diving, swimming, and finally sharpshooting Healthcare of Armenia

-Since the 1988 devasting earthquake, Armenia's healthcare has had to slowly build itself back up to where it used to be, as well as making improvements and adjustments.

-The Yerevan State Medical University is the leader in the training of outstanding healthcare professionals. The University is also home to the first children's hospital in Armenia.

-There are 6 Healthcare units in Armenia
-Clinics and medical centers
-Hospitals
-Dentistry
-Health associations
-Medicine and pharmeceuticals
- and Physicians
_ Surprisingly, according to the Armenia government the medical services would all be free of charge for disease prevention Education Systems

-The education system is the fastest changing social service since independence.

-The system includes:
-preschools
-general secondary
-special secondary
-vocational
- and post-graduate/ higher education

-In Armenia the only mandatory schooling required is secondary school. Secondary school is compulsory and free of charge; the tree different levels are elementary(1-3), basic(4-8), and highschool(9-10).

- Armenia's school system is certainly not state of the art, but slowly, they are improving their resources and technology in order to create the optimal learning enviroment. The Arts

-Armenia has a rich biblical history which greatly influences the arts and literature in Armenia. There is a wealth of religious art such as illumination and the decoration of text (caligraphy).

-A unique trademark of Armenia is a type of art called Khatchkars. Khatchkars are individually decorated stone crosses seen throughout Armenia's countryside.

-Music, another art form, is very important to the Armenina culture. Old folk music is highly revered and influenced by the Armenian church. These songs are all performed by prestigious Armenian chamber choirs and orchestras. Food for Thought

-Armenian meals are usually served with Meze. Meze are small dishes including preserved meats, stuffed vine leaves called dolmas, pickled vegetables, or feta chesse and dips, which are served like appetizers before the main course.

-Other important foods include
-Breads, soups and stews made with various meats
-Khorovatze- barbecues meats that are extremely popular in Armenia
-vegetables and rice-pilaf
- And apricots, which Armenia is famous for, served in sweets and soups

-Armenian Cognac is well known around the world for its strong flavors

-At the end of meals, Dark coffee is served with small sweets and cakes as a dessert. Holidays and Celebrations

-Armenian Orthodox Christmas (Jan. 6th)
This holiday celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, who is the face of Christianity During this holiday th church christens the baptismal water in a ritual called the "Blessing of the Water".

-Easter (Follows the church calender)
The most important celebration in Christianity in which the world rejoices in the acenssion of Jesus Christ into Heaven.

-Memorial days (April 24th)
remembrance of the victims of the 1915 Armenian Genocide.
( Dec. 7th)
remembrance of the victims of the 1988 Earthquake that destroyed Armenia's infrastructure.

-Independence Day (Sept. 21st)
The restoration of the REpublic of Armenia after seventy years of sovietization.

-Constitution Day (July 5th)
The date that the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia was adopted. First Impressions

-In Armenia some genuinly light and friendly topics include things such as sports...
-Soccer, which in Armenian is like our American football. This is a very fun topic as most Armenians have their own favorite teams and they love to watch these teams play their games on TV

-Another topic is, surprisngly, the Soviet Union. Most Armenians take no offense if you were to bring up their relation to the Soviet Union. In fact they hold Russia in very high respect and will gladly speak to you in their second language of russian if you so choose.

-But, just as there are good topics, there are also topics you should quickly avoid. The very bloody, bitter topic of their neighboring country of Azerbaijan and the Nagorna-Karbakh dispute is definitly a topic to avoid, as well as thethe very sensitive topic of the Armenian Genocide. PDA and Public conduct

-Armenia is a very friendly place and their public conduct and ways of greeting one another show this trait. Family and friends are very close to one another and when greeting they usually exchange a warm handshake and a kiss on the cheeks.

-Many men and women will show particular affection to friends of the same sex. you should not be surprised to find two men walking down the street arm in arm or two women for that matter.

-Another social conduct that we do not use here in America is hitchhiking. While seen as a tabboo here, in Armenia it is very common and you will most likely become good friends with the person giving you a ride as well. Attractions in Armenia

- Armenia is known for its very unique rich historical and biblical histories.

_ When wanting to learn of the people you can go to any of a number of museums in Yerevan. Genocide museums are also very popular tourist attractions and are usually quite beautiful.

-The marvelous religious culture in Armenia is represented quite effortlessly in the numerous monasteries of Armenia. These monasteries are found throughout the country and are located in some of Armenia's most beautiful nature spots. Some popular monasteries include Tatev, Noravank, Haghartsin, Haghpat, and Geghard. National Heroes

-To be a national hero in Armenia is to be awarded the absolute highest honor available and is given for outstanding services of national importances.

-Vazge I- the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church between 1955-1994. He was the first Catholicos of the Republic of Armenia.

-Monte Melkonian- a US born Armenian who later became a commander in the Armenian army during the Nagorno-Karabakh War

-Charles Aznavour- a French/Armenian singer, songwriter, public activist, and diplomat. Winner of CNN's entertainer of the century and the founder of the Aznavour for Armenia organization. He is also the delegate for Armenia at Geneva Family Life

-The father is the head of the family and makes the economic decisions for the family. The father is seen as the "provider".

-The mother however, does most of the cooking and cleaning in the home, even if she is trying to pursue her own career.

-Children are usually doted on and the center of attention. They are raised by almost all the women in the family including aunts and grandmothers.

-Teenage girls are usually disciplined very strictly and begin to help do the house chores like their mothers. Teenage boys however are allowed to do whatever they please and learn to be completely dependent on women.

-The elderly live with their sons and wives and are taken very good care of by their family. Communication

-Verbal- The only thing that is special about the verbal communication, besides the actually Armenian language, is that Armenians do not hold back when speaking to one another. They do not lie just to make someone feel better, in fact they are perceived as odd by many cultures because of their brutal honesty.

-Nonverbal- Armenians do not believe in feet of personal space. When speaking they lean towards each other and are very close. when greeting, they usually kiss the person on the cheeks. Overall, Armenians are generally very friendly. Workplace

-Dress
Men-business suits, jacket, trousers
Women-Classy business suits, skirts to
the knee, very elegant dress, and
no bright colors

Time- punctuality is very important and tardiness is fround upon

Formality-the workplace is very friendly. Communication is very important in the workplace. Social views

Class-In ancient times there was a distinct division between the monarchy and the peasants. After many years a middle class began to form. During the Soviet era however, the classes were de-emphasized and have remained this way since.

Gender-Armenians believe in specific gender roles. The men are the providers, and the women are the caretakers. Men and women have equal access to jobs and opportunities, but women usually get the shorter end of the stick, especially when it come sto pay.

Religion- Considering Christianity has been the state religion since 301 AD, the majority of Armenians are Armenian Apostolic, but respect is shown to all other faiths.

Ethnicity-All ethnicities in Armenia are protected by state law, along with all minority races. Folk Culture: Folk Dancers Pop Culture: Restaurants Housing: Apartments Museums in Armenia Armenian Food Dish 2013.<htp://www.culturecrossing.net/basics_business_student_details.php?Id=21&CID=11>. "Armenia." Culture Crossing. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Feb. Web. 08 Feb.2013http://www.everyculture.com/A-Bo/Armenia.html>. "Countries and Their Cultures." Culture of Armenia. N.p., n.d. Feb. 2013. <http://www.armeniapedia.org/wiki/Main_Page>. "Main Page." Armeniapedia.org. Armeniapedia, n.d. Web. 08 Ethnologue, n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=hye>. "Armenian." Ethnologue Report for Language Code: Hye. Department of State, n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5275.htm>. "Background Note: Armenia." U.S. Department of State. U.S. <http://www.foodgps.com/montebello-armenian-food-fair-fest/>. "Food." Food GPS. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. IANYAN Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ianyanmag.com/2009/11/15/review-sayat-nova-dance-company/>. "Review: Sayat Nova Dance Company in Los Angeles." 08 Feb. 2013. <http://www.find.am/en/company/mr-gyros-fast-food-center>. ""Mr. Gyros" Fast Food Center." "Mr. Gyros" N.p., n.d. Web. "Yerevan." Travel Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. <http://wikitravel.org/en/Yerevan>. "Armenia." Travel Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. <http://wikitravel.org/en/Armenia> "Charles Aznavour." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 Aug. 2013. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. Culture Ethnicity and Political Organization Profile 4 The demonym for the people in
Armenia is...
SING. Armenian
PLUR. Armenians Demonym Armenia's National Anthem 1. Land of our fathers, free, independent,
Which has endured from age to age.
Its sons and daughters now proclaim
Armenia, sovereign and free.
Its sons and daughters now proclaim
Armenia, sovereign and free.

2. Brother, take this banner,
Made with my own hands,
During sleepless nights,
And bathed in my tears.
During sleepless nights,
And bathed in my tears. 3. See, it has three colours;
A single hallowed symbol.
May it sparkle before the foe,
May Armenia flourish ever!
May it sparkle before the foe,
May Armenia flourish ever!

4. Death is everywhere the same,
Man is born just once to die,
But blest is he who gives his life
To defend his nation's freedom.
But blest is he who gives his life
To defend his nation's freedom. Armenia's Flag The Armenian flag has 3 equal horizontal stripe
or bars that span the entire length of the flag. The top stripe, red, represents the armenian blood shed for liberty. The midle stripe, blue, represents the blue of the armenian skies and hope. Finally the bottom stripe, orange, represents the land and the courage of the workers who farm it. History, Background, and Interpretation Armenia has had two national anthems in its history. The first (which was not shown), was used during Armenia's time as a part of the Soviet Union. The anthem known as, "State Anthem of the Armenian SSR", was composed by Aram Khatchaturian and was used by Armenia until the Soviet Union's fall in 1991. The second anthem, (pictured previously), is used to date. The anthem is known as "Mer Hayrenik" or "Our Fatherland". The Armenians took a well known poem, already set to music, found in Istanbul, Turkey and changed small parts in the lyrics to help it represent Armenia's struggle for independence and freedom. It was composed by Mikael Nalbandian. Because of persistent criticisms claiming "Mer Hayrenik" was only supposed to be temporary, was not composed by an Armenian, nor does it reflect present day Armenia, in 2006, Armenia sent out in search of a new anthem, which has yet to be found.
The lyrics take a look into the struggles of the people that bulid a country up after independence and freedom are gained for example in the lines, "Made with my own hands/During sleepless nights/And bathed in my tears." The lyrics also watch as loyalty to the mother country bring light to new horizons and unite the country with freedom as exemplified in, "But blest is he who gives his life/To defend his nation's freedom." Armenia is a nation-state which can be quite easily deducted from the bar graph shown previously. Armenia is around 97.5% ethnic Armenian. Like Japan, Armenia's national government clearly supports this nation-state of ethnic Armenians. After the Armenian genocide, Armenia began its venture into limited immigration and emigration and support for ethnic Armenian marriages. Armenia also has a very limited number of Armenians in any other country outside Armenia.
Armenia's shape type is perforated and protuded. Armenia could be classified as a compact state, being its very round structure, if not for the long piece of land that comes off of the southern end of Armenia. More importantly though, Armenia is perforated, which has led to many disputes. Armenia houses two small areas belonging to Azerbaijan in the northeast just as Azerbaijan houses one small section of Armenia on its western border (see previous map for a picture)
Armenia has suffered from a number of boundry disputes between itself and Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. Firstly, Armenia and Azerbaijan havehad a long-lasting dispute over the Nagorna-Karabakh breakaway region. The small enclaves within Armenia and Azerbaijan that belong to the opposite state have been evacuated and neither side can reach any agreement to end the dispute. Armenia has had small issues with Turkey being that Turkey has made claims that Armenia's blasting from quarries has been damaging the ruins of medieval Ani, on the opposite side of the Arpacay valley. Armenia's border control struggle to control the illegal border crossing of goods and peoplealong the undemarcated Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian borders as well. State Type, Shape, and Disputes Current Events Article http://www.armenianow.com/society/43487/syunik_province_mohammad_reisi_ecololur Recently, there has been a talk about a possible lease of approximately 50,000 hectares of grazing land in southern Armenia's Syunik province to Iran. Talk of such a lease has greatly disturbed and frightened many environmentalist and politicians, so much so that there was an act of protest at a government meeting not so long ago. The lease agreement states that Iran would like to rent the 50,000 hectares of land for 10 years at $25 a hectare each month. An ambassador did come out with a statement saying that no agreement has been signed and it still needs to be discussed in detail. Many concerns include national security, , demography, environmental protection, etc. Many Armenians feel they have finbally closed off the borders to outsiders but now, the government wants to just let them right back in.
This article relates to directly to allocational boundary disputes, but in actuality only a small group of people see it as this. The biggest concern is actually the dispute between those who see it as an allocational dispute and those who see it as a simple business transaction. Many Armenians see this lease agreement as a slap in the face from there own government. After years of fighting for independence of their lands, here are people who are willingly handing it over to Iran. To them, they can only imagine the consequences including destruction of the grazing land and the possible national security as illegal immigration could easily happen along these grazing borders. All in all it ties seamlessly into boundary disputes and specifically allocational disputes over the grazing land. Ethnicity and Political Abrahamyan, Gohar. "Herding Controversy:
Environmentalists Warn against Leasing Grazing Land to
Iranians - Society | ArmeniaNow.com." Herding
Controversy: Environmentalists Warn against Leasing
Grazing Land to Iranians - Society | ArmeniaNow.com.
Armenia Now, 14 Feb. 2013. Web. 05 Mar. 2013.
"Central Intelligence Agency." Welcome to the CIA Web Site —
Central Intelligence Agency. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2013.
<https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-
factbook/fields/2070.html>.
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2013. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-
factbook/geos/am.html>.
"Armenia - Nationalanthems.info." Armenia -
Nationalanthems.info. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2013.
<http://www.nationalanthems.info/am.htm>.
"Armenia." ARMENIA.com. N.p., 2011. Web. 05 Mar. 2013.
<http://www.imarmenia.com/about/about_en.php>.
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<http:// geography.about.com/cs/politicalgeog/a/shape
state.htm>
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<http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/dis
putes-a.htm> Development Index Profile Profile 5 Human Development Index (HDI) Human Development Index: Value- .729...( this is a .02 increase from 2006)
Rank- 87th in the world Human Dev. Index in 2006: Value- .709
Rank- 70th in the world....... Above- Mauritius; Below- Peru Life Expectancy at Birth: Expectancy- 74.4 years
Rank- 74th in the world Adult Literacy Rate (% age 15 and over): Percentage- 99.6%
Rank- 12th in the world Gross Domestic Product per Capita: Value- $5,122
Rank- 106th in the world Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) Human Poverty Index: Human poverty Index in 2006: Probability of Not Surviving to Age 40 at Birth: Adult Illiteracy Rate: Underweight children Value- 3.7%
Rank- 12th in the world Probability- 5.0%
Rank- 142nd in the world Rate- .5%
Rank- 175th in the world Percentage- 4%
Rank- 154th out of the world Gross Domestic Income $1,769,598,543,549 as of 2011 Gross Domestic Income: Value and Rank Overall Value: $1,769,598,543,549
Rank: 44th in the world... Above: France; Below: Denmark Life Expectancy: Value and Rank Expectancy: 74.4 years of age
Rank: 74th in the world Adult Literacy: Value and Rank Percentage: 99.6%
Rank: 12th in the world Gross Enrollment in Prim, Sec, and Ter School: Value and Rank Value: 77.0
Rank: 66th in the world The Armenian president, as well as the government, have very recently made a statement concerning the people of Armenia. They are stating that they are exploring the idea of raising the national salaries and pensions. The President has said that with their buldup of savings, the reality of this rise in salaries is quite tangible and should not be shrugged off. Suprisingly this topic was not a very common one during the elections, but know that they are safely out of the way, the country can focus on getting problems such as this taken care of in order to further development in the country.
The topics of salary and pension raises can tie into both the HPI of the country. As of right now, Armenia faces a staggering problem which is the national poverty. more than half of the country is below the income poverty line which causes their HPI to also be staggeringly low. Development in Armenia cannot move forward because the entire country is in a helpless situation. They are facing a major poverty problem and if the governmentbcarries out this proposal and is successful, to raise the salaries and pensions, then this poverty situation will eventually decrease. And as it decreases, the ability for Armenia to further develop their country and raise the living standards there will increase bringing Armenia into a position od further development. Current Events Summary http://www.armenianow.com/economy/44539/armenia_salaries_pensions_increase_july_serzh_sargsyan Current Event Article How did the Industrial Revolution impact the country? The percentage of workforce in industry. Main industrial regions. Important industries in the country. Interregional shifts in agriculture. Impact of new international division of labor. Although Armenia is still an agricultural country, they do indeed have very large industrial regions. The northern portion of Armenian contains two growing industrial regions surrounding Gyumri and Vanadzor. The largst industrial region however is that surrounding the capital Yerevan which contains the majority of Armenia's population. As I specified before, Armenia is not a large industrial country but they still contribute to industries in the world economy. Some of their large scale industries include metal working, machinery, electricity, chemical production for fertilizers, and mining. They also have a few small scale industries including textiles and canning goods. Armenia depends highly on both its agricultural and industrial industries. The entire percentage of workforce in industry is a little under 4/5ths of the population, between 70-80% Recently, Armenia has experienced some drastic
changes in the way agriculture is run in there country. In 1990 Armenia was the first former Soviet Union state to pass an agricultural privatization law. By 1992 Armenia went from large-scale, government-controlled farming, to more than 3/4ths of the existing fields, orchards, and vineyards turned into private owned farms. By 1993 these small scale farms, though not all subsistence, dominated the agricultural landscape, this was a way for the government to give back to the people of Armenia Armenia, like most countries at the time were greatly affected by the Industrial Revolution. Like most european countries at the time the Industrial Revolution caused a major population increase and paved the way for an increasingly urban population. The urban population grew exponentially starting off quite slow the increasing gradually until its takeoff. Industry began its boom in Armenia a little bit after western Europe, but that is expected because of distance between the two as ideas travel. Food production increased as well as medicine advancements improving living conditions in urban areas. Armenia is a semi-periphery country, so the international division of labor, in which core countries use periphery countries for manufacturing and extraction of goods, affects Armenia to an extent. They are not completely in control of themselves, but they are not completely controlled by outside countries either. In Armenia a few manufacturing plants are owned by outside corporations, but Armenia is very much so capable of holding its own in this division of labor, for it also uses some outside neighboring countries for their own manufacturing. Value- 3.5%
Rank- 12th in the world...Above: Costa Rica; Below: Argentina Development Index Dowsett, Charles, and Aleksey Mints. "Armenia." Encyclopedia Britannica
Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/35178/Armenia>.
"Industrial Revolution." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia
Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/287086/Industrial
-Revolution>.
"Armenia: Agriculture." Library of Congress Country Studies. N.p., n.d.
Web. 18 Apr. 2013. <http://memory.loc.gov/cgi
-bin/query/D?cstdy:4:./temp/~frd_okl7::>.
"International Human Development Indicators - United Nations
Development Programme." International Human Development
Indicators. UNDP, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
<http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/ARM.html>.
ARMENAKYAN, NAZIK. "Government Considers Raising Salaries, Pensions in
Armenia - Economy | ArmeniaNow.com." Government Considers Raising
Salaries, Pensions in Armenia - Economy | ArmeniaNow.com.
ArmeniaNow, 19 Mar. 2013. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
<http://www.armenianow.com/economy/44539/armenia_salaries_pensions_increase_july_serzh_sargsyan>.
"Human and Income Poverty." Human and Income Poverty. UNDP, 2009.
Web. 18 Apr. 2013. <hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_EN_Table_I1.pdf>.
"Gross Domestic Income (constant LCU)." Data. World Bank, n.d. Web. 18
Apr. 2013. <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDY.TOTL.KN>. Agriculture Profile Profile 6 Percentage of Farmers
In the Labor Force Primary Farming Types Armenia is a still very reliant on the
agricultural sectors in its economy and so
they are diverse in the agriculture field. They
specialize in a few types of activitiesm the
first being livestock. Their primary animals
include sheep, horses, pigs, poultry, and
cows shown to the left. Armenia is still primarily an
agricultural and rural state. Their
economy relies highly on their
agricultural work force which sits
at roughly nder 1/2 the population:
44.2% Another agricultural section Armenia
is well accustomed to is Mediterranean
style crop production with its focus
on fruit. Within this, Armenia is
specially known for its vast grape
vineyards which make up a portion of
their agriculture profit. Finally the last farming activity that
takes place here is subsistence farming
and ranching. Being that Armenia is still
a very poor country, many small-scale
farmers are still partaking in subsistence
farming with very little profit in order to
meet the needs of just their family and
possibly the local village. Current Event http://www.armenianow.com/economy/43964/hrach_berberyan_armenian_agriculture_crop_production_in_armenia Current Event Summarization Agriculture is a very important and key part of Armenia's economy and in past years climate and poor quality have hindered its profitability, but this year Farmer's Union Head, Hrach Berberyan, believes all that may change. Armenia has had very poor farming climate and water access in the past but recent projections say that neither should be a problem this year and the conditions should be quite favorable for agriculture. Also, poor seed quality has affected Armenia's agriculture production and profitability but Armenia has taken specific measures and invested a great deal into this year's seed quality. Armenia is hopeful that with the right conditions and the improved quality, agriculture profitability will significantly improve.
This article goes straight into agribusiness/agriculture's effect on the economy. Armenia relies a great deal on its agriculture sector, it accounts for nearly half its workforce, and this is evident in its economy. In recent years, where the agriculture has been effected Armenia's economy has stayed down. But hopefully with the favorable conditions and improved quality the economy can also improve. Armenia is taking the correct steps to do it as well. By starting by improving the seed quality first they will create a domino effect, so by improving seed quality, they will have crop quality increase, which leads to higher crop yields, which leads to higher higher agriculture profit, which contributes to agriculure/agribusiness improvenments, which correlates to improving the economy in Armenia. Future of Agriculture Subsistence vs. Commercial Agriculture Armenia's agricultural future is looking bright and a new dawn is
expected to light the way. Armenia, though a widely rural state, has not been the most successful in having a productive agriculture sector. Poverty, poor seed quality, and unfavorable conditions, such as water shortages, have hindered Armenia's agricultural sector but new investments and technologies are expected to end these poor times. The biggest change soon to come is a new alliance with The World Bank in which attention is going to be brought to small scale commercial farming. With the creation of hundreds of new jobs and the improvements in quality and technology, the future is looking bright.
With support from The World Bank, Armenia's Rural Enterprise and Small-Scale Commercial Agriculture Development Project will be able to increase financial access by providingthe funding needed for loans made through commercial banks to small and medium-sized commercial farms and grants for community initiatives. This will hopefully lead to increased productivity and profitability to the small scale farmer, which happens to be the majority in Armenia. If the new improvements withstand the next few years, Armenia's agriculture sector will become immensely profitable and help to raise the nation's GDP. Armenia is home to two main types of farming: subsistence and commercial. Subsistence farming is the majority in Armenia because, like many other former soviet union countries, after they regained freedom the majority of the population turned to subsistence farming because of the lack of resources and money needed for large scale farming. These subsistence farms provide food for the farmers and sometimes the local area but it is almost never sold for a profit on a oarge scale.mIn fact the rural poverty is so great the average farm size is only approxiametly 1.4 ha.
Commercial agriculture on the other hand is few a far between. There are an extremely low number of commercial farms and they make up well under 25% of the agriculture sector. The commercial farms, though large scale in Armenia may seem small scale to the western world and this can be traced back to Armenia' severly poor economy. Commercial farms more commonly grow exportable fruits such as olives and grapes and these make up the majority of the comercial agriculture industry. The Green Revolution's Impact While the Green Revolution took a while to reach the eastern European region ( The more serious problems in south and southeast Asia were prioritized first), when the revolution eventually reached its target, it hit with quite a vengeance. Genetically Modified Organisms, both plants and animals, headed the revolution in East Europe and Armenia. Armenia has been extremely wary and cautious of these GMOs. Armenia has set up testing labs to study the GMOs and also proposed laws that would limit or eliminate their presence in Armenia. The Green Revolution has not been able to fully exert its effects on Armenia because of its extreme caution towards it which is both harming some of the poorer parts of the country, but also helping both the environment and the health of the people. Agriculture Siranuysh Gevorgyan. "Agriculture: Favorable Conditions and Better
Seed Quality Expected to Increase Crop Production - Economy |
ArmeniaNow.com." Agriculture: Favorable Conditions and Better
Seed Quality Expected to Increase Crop Production - Economy |
ArmeniaNow.com. ArmeniaNow, 27 Feb. 2013. Web. 01 May 2013.
Sarukhanyan, Vahe. ""Frankenstein Food" in Armenia? | Hetq."
"Frankenstein Food" in Armenia? | Hetq. Hetq, n.d. Web. 01 May 2013.
"About Us." Farm Credit Armenia UCO CC. FCA, 2009. Web. 01 May 2013.
<http://www1.fca.am/about/index.php>.
"Improving the Lives of People in the ECA." ECA Results. The World
Bank, 2013. Web. 01 May 2013.
Giovannucci, Daniele. Overview of Key Development and Trade Issues
Emerging in Armenia with the Opportunities and Constraints of
Organic Agriculture. Rep. International Conference, 2005. Web. 1
May 2013
Avetisyan, Samvel. Agriculture and Food Processing in Armenia. Rep.
N.p., 2010. Web. 1 May 2013.
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