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Lord of the Flies - Chapter 2

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Anushiya A

on 6 March 2015

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Transcript of Lord of the Flies - Chapter 2

Significance of the chapter and where it is situated in the text

Establishment of rules and order around the Conch
Questions of man
The 'Beastie'
Jack's increasingly 'animalistic' character
Piggy's glasses
Boys' increasing admiration for Ralph
Fragile system of order breaks down
Conflicting Ideas
First innocent death
Language Techniques
Personification

‘Either the wandering breezes or perhaps the decline of the sun allowed a little coolness to lie under the trees’
‘He paused for breath, and the fire growled at them’

There is a lot of personification of the island - e.g. trees, water ect. - which gives the sense that the island is alive around the boys. The island represents the wider world and how humans have and will continue to destroy it, and so its personification gives a greater sense of death to the story.

Techniques
Hyperbole

‘Ralph and Jack looked at each other while society paused about them’
‘All at once they were aware of the evening as the end of light and warmth’

The use of hyperbole helps exaggerate certain events to highlight character’s relationships and the great deal of pressure their situation poses.
Techniques
Similes

'Their black caps of maintenance were slid over one ear like berets’
‘For yards round the fire the heat was like a blow, and the breeze was a river of sparks’
‘The boys lay, panting like dogs’
‘Small flames stirred at the bole of a tree and crawled away through leaves and brushwood, dividing and increasing. One patch touched a tree trunk and scrambled up like a bright squirrel’
‘A tree exploded in the fire like a bomb’
‘“How could I with them little ‘uns running around like insects?”’

The use of similes used in various descriptions of the island help create sinister images. They also a sense of there being life and movement on the island, and all this life that is within and around the boys will slowly be diminished. The subtle references to WWII are also evident through the use of this technique

Thank you little 'uns!
Summary
Meeting called by Ralph = declare that they are on an uninhabited island, Jack will be hunting the pigs
Symbolism of the conch is introduced --> Holder has the right to speak
Concept of the 'beastie' introduced --> Ralph claims that the beast does not exist but Jack says that the hunters will search for it
Boys create idea for rescue - a fire on top of the mountain, which will create smoke which will act as a signal to bypassing ships.
Piggy's glasses are used to create a fire, which then burns the entire island
The boy who first mentions the 'beastie' is believed to have died in the fire, as he is not seen again after this event, thus marking the first innocent death on the island.




Chapter 2

By: Sophie, Bridget and Anushiya
Reading of the Text
Promotes;
A religious reading of the text:
Constant links to Biblical events
"Beastie" - snake from the Garden of Eden
Jack and Ralph - Cain and Abel
Simon - represents Jesus

A political reading of the text:
Conch is introduced as a symbol of democracy, right to opinion and free speech, and authority
Boys still loosely cling to their old values from a society that they are beginning to be question
Establishment of rules and order around the Conch
The boys try to apply their knowledge about rules in society to their life on the island
Questions of Man
Piggy asks a number of questions > he represents the moral conscience and rationality
The Beastie
The concept of the 'beastie' is introduced in chapter two. The 'beastie' represents the idea that the instinct of savagery is present in all beings.
Jack's increasingly 'animalistic behaviour'
Jack's animalistic behaviour represents his descent into savagery.
Piggy's Glasses
Piggy's glasses represent that he is the intellect in the group of boys. It portrays his intelligence.
The loss of rational sight is shown when his glasses are taken away from him.
Boy's Increasing Admiration for Ralph
Ralph is chosen to be leader and is well liked by the other boys due to his appearance, and the fact that he possesses the conch.
Fragile System of Order Breaks Down
This chapter shows the beginning of the break down of order on the island.
Conflicting Ideas
Conflict between Jack and Ralph is seen during this chapter. The battle present between the two boys occurs because the restraints of society are not present.
First Innocent Death
The death of the boy with the 'mulberry coloured birthmark' symbolises that the boys, as a group, are slowly descending into savagery.
Full transcript