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general characteristics of the early modern english period
Transcript of general characteristics of the early modern english period
The emergence of England as a maritime power
A series of events in which England broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and its Institutional Authority
Translation of the Bible
Book of Common Prayers
Emergence of England as an international power
Growth of capitalism
Transformation of landcapes
New social classes
"Great Britain", 1707
Emergence of a "National Language"
English became an "International Language"
Later borrowings from colonies and dominions
THE BE ALL AND END ALL: THANKS!
1500 - 1650
The "Revival of Learning"
early modern english period
Authors rediscovered the works of "classical" scholars from Greek and Roman times
The introduction of the PRINTING PRESS
William Caxon, 1476
Transformation of society
Rapid spread of popular education
Spread of the vernacular: readers preferred English over Latin
Growth in translations
Important amount of borrowings
EMERGENCE OF A STANDARD LANGUAGE
the growth of specialized knowledge
English had to adjust to these changes
New words were coined
French borrowings, Italian architectural borrowings, Spanish war-related borrowings
(ballet, champagne, balcony, cupola, armada, barricade...)
Often referred to as "England's National Poet"
Incoporporation of new words like emphasis, horrid, prodigious.
Memorable combination of words like "a foregone conlusion"
IMPORTANCE OF THE REINASSANCE...
10,000 - 12,000 words were added to the lexicon
Changes in the status of the clergy
Growth in the power of the Monarchy
Religious conflict and prosecution
The focus was now on ENGLISH rather than on any other European language
the british empire
"an empire on which the sun never sets"