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general characteristics of the early modern english period

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Analia Diaz

on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of general characteristics of the early modern english period

MOST INFLUENTIAL HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS
The Renaissance
The Reformation
The emergence of England as a maritime power



Linguistic consequences
A series of events in which England broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and its Institutional Authority
Henry VIII
Translation of the Bible
Book of Common Prayers
Puritan Movement
Emergence of England as an international power
New colonies
Growth of capitalism
Transformation of landcapes
New social classes
consequences
"Great Britain", 1707
Emergence of a "National Language"
English became an "International Language"
Later borrowings from colonies and dominions
THE BE ALL AND END ALL: THANKS!
the renaissance
1500 - 1650
The "Revival of Learning"
early modern english period
-general characteristics-

Authors rediscovered the works of "classical" scholars from Greek and Roman times
The introduction of the PRINTING PRESS
William Caxon, 1476
Transformation of society
Rapid spread of popular education
Linguistic consequences
Spread of the vernacular: readers preferred English over Latin
Growth in translations
Important amount of borrowings
EMERGENCE OF A STANDARD LANGUAGE
the growth of specialized knowledge
Scientific Revolution
English had to adjust to these changes
Copernicus
Galileo Galilei
Kepler
linguistic consequences
New words were coined
(atmosphere, pneumonia...)
French borrowings, Italian architectural borrowings, Spanish war-related borrowings
(ballet, champagne, balcony, cupola, armada, barricade...)

william shakespeare
1564-1616
Often referred to as "England's National Poet"
Incoporporation of new words like emphasis, horrid, prodigious.
Memorable combination of words like "a foregone conlusion"
the reformation
IMPORTANCE OF THE REINASSANCE...
10,000 - 12,000 words were added to the lexicon
consequences
Changes in the status of the clergy
Growth in the power of the Monarchy
Religious conflict and prosecution
The focus was now on ENGLISH rather than on any other European language
the british empire
"an empire on which the sun never sets"
Full transcript