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Assignment 3 - Victorian Caves
Lucy Willison 16 April 2013
Transcript of Assignment 3 - Victorian Caves
but only two of the cave systems are open to the general
The Victorian Caves include:
Buchan Caves (open)
New Guinea II Cave
Shades of Death Cave
Princess Margaret Rose Cave (open)
Tarragal Caves http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_caves_in_Australia#Victoria
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarragal_Caves Buchan Caves New Guinea II Cave Tarragal Caves There is a group of caves in Buchan, Victoria that include the Royal Cave and the Fairy Cave. These group of caves are called The Buchan Caves. They include limestone formations created by underground rivers cutting through limestone rock almost 400 million years ago. Royal Cave & Fairy Cave The Buchan Caves Reserve is surrounded by trees and wildlife, including bellbirds, lyrebirds and kangaroos.
In 1887, the caves were accidentally reserved because they were on a land set aside for stock camping. The land was commissioned and explored by the government, but the geologist Albert Ernest Kitson recommended to reserve the area to protect the caves. The Fairy Cave was discovered by Frank Moon in 1907 and was opened to the public later that year. In 1910, Frederick Wilson discovered the Royal Cave by accident after an entrance tunnel was excavated. The Royal Cave was opened to visitors in 1913. The New Guinea II cave is found on the Snowy River at the end of New Guinea Track near Buchan, Victoria, and is a limestone cave and rock shelter. The cave has an overhanging cliff that creates a rock shelter at the entrance facing the river. Paul Ossa, an archaeologist formed some excavations in the 1980s, and a team from LaTrobe University found stone artifacts and other signs of occupation that were dated to almost 20,000 BP. New Guinea II cave is one of three major cave systems that have so far been investigated in the middle Snowy River area, along with New Guinea Cave and Nuigini Namba Fav Cave. Although the entrance area is formed along bedding planes and has a large chamber and passage with a perennial stream and several entrances, New Guinea II is largely joint-controlled. There are finger or tool marks made in the dried mud on the cave wall which are thought to be prehistoric. This makes New Guinea II the first place where such marking have been recorded in Victoria. Bent Wing Bats congregate in the large chamber deep inside the cave. Finding sources of information for caves is not easy. Sorry for so much wikipedia! The Tarragal Caves are a network of large limestone caves and rock shelters which overlook the Bridgewater Lakes near the towns of Tarragal and Cape Bridgewater, Victoria in the Charles La Trobe and are near Discovery Bay Coastal Park. Cave openings form a series of galleries with clear views across the surrounding landscape and lakes, can be located just off the Bridgewater Lakes Road and accessible in part by walking tracks. One of the caves extends over 400m underground and contains a sinkhole opening to the surface to maintain a constant stream of air through the cave. The natives had thought that a 'supernatural being' was living in the cave over the cliff, which when Colonial administrator, Charles La Trobe visited the site in 1845 and 1846, explored the caves and found a pile of timber, assumed thrown down the cave by Aboriginals over the ages, and set fire to the pile to find that the cave was in use by bats, therefore, may have been the reason the Aboriginals had once thought something lived in the caves. Identified as an important Aboriginal camping place early in the historic period, the caves were excavated in the late 1970's by Harry Lourandos, which revealed earth ovens and shell midden deposits over 11,000 years old, along with stratified deposits in the floor of 11,300 years old.