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What makes sport in Australia memorable?
Transcript of What makes sport in Australia memorable?
Sport in Australia
How has sport in Australia changed over the last 200 years?
Sport in Australia has changed over the last 200 years through several aspects:
• Type of sports played
• The way sports were played
• How many people played the sport or knew about it- popularity
• Who could play sport
The contributions of famous Australian sportspeople in shaping sport in Australia
Many Australian sportspeople have helped shape Australia through their influence on sport and society. These people often include women, Indigenous and disabled athletes such as:
-AFL: Douglas Nicholls
-NRL: Gorden Tallis
-SWIMMING: Fanny Durack
-SOCCER: Jade North
-PARALYMPICS: Kurt Fearnley
The impact of major events and competitions on Australian sport
There have been a number of events in history that have influenced Australian sport.
-The Great Depression (1929 - 1932)
Two international women swimmers called Alice Moon and Elphinstone Duk came to Australia to visit and teach the women of Melbourne how to swim.
AFL “the game of the people” saw crowds attend to boost Australian spirit
Swimming was divided into male and female. Women weren’t allowed to go to the pool as freely as men were; they could only go at certain times, whereas men whenever they please. Also, only certain clubs let women join them. The women were forced to wear certain swimwear to cover up their bodies.
Thomas Wills, a Victorian man, first played AFL
AFL had its first official set of rules
Soccer first officially played in NSW
Soccer starts in Melbourne
NSW English Football Association established
The Ashes were founded based on an English newspaper article
First interstate soccer match between Victoria and NSW
1880s - 1890s
Swimming pools were being built rapidly and many more clubs were being formed between this time.
Goal nets for soccer games first used at Wentworth park, Sydney.
Competitive national swimming championships were first held in Australia
At the Olympics, there were events such as 100fs, 500fs, 1200fs and 100fs for sailors. These events were only available for men.
Timeline of Sport in Australia
Doug Nicholls became the first Aboriginal player to be selelcted for the Victorian Inter-state AFL team
Interstate rugby league suspended to due war (resumed in 1945)
1908 - 1912
Soccer competition begins in SA
Joe Johnson became the first Indigenous person to play AFL at a senior level
Fredrick Lane was the first Australian to go and compete at the Olympics. He won 2 gold medals.
The first soccer team to travel outside of Australia is sent to tour New Zealand. They came from NSW.
First visit by an overseas soccer team- New Zealand
100 soccer clubs are registered in NSW.
NSW Rugby league formed
Chinese Wally Koochew became one of the first men of Asian descent to play AFL
First rugby league clubs formed. NSW won first interstate game over Queensland.
Australia competed as "Australasia" as they were a combined team with New Zealand in swimming.
Rugby league first played at Sydney cricket ground and Sydney sports ground
Women’s events were introduced to the Olympics. They were 100fs and 4x100fs relay. In saying this, Australia had two females go and compete. They were Fanny Durack and Mina Wylie and between them won gold and silver medals. They were the first female competitors in swimming for Australia.
A world first occurs in Senior Sydney soccer clubs by numbering the players.
Interstate rugby league suspended due to war
After an interruption by WW1, returned servicemen boost the amount of soccer players and the plan to form the Australian Soccer Association is back on.
1929 - 1932
Phar Lap's racing career
The Great Depression
First official NRL City vs Country match. First night match at Sydney showground.
The publicity of women's soccer in Australia is first recorded.
First radio broadcast of rugby league
First Queensland win over New South Wales (rugby league)
1957 - 1962
Death of rugby league founder, J.J. Giltinan
Australia held its first Olympics in Melbourne.
Dawn Fraser won the 100fs gold medal.
AFL was first televised
Dawn Fraser won the 100fs gold medal
Dawn Fraser won the 100fs gold medal
Australia enters the soccer World Cup for the first time.
Australian women's soccer team enters its first international event in Taiwan.
Rugby league leaves the SCG for the Sydney Football Stadium
Victorian Football League (VFL) renamed the Australian Football League (AFL) to reflect the national competition.
Australia participates for the first time in the Women's World Cup for soccer.
National Rugby League formed.
Sydney Olympics were held
Telstra becomes major sponsor of the NRL.
The NRL record the codes highest ever crowd average for a regular season with an average of 16,468 attending each game that season.
-Australian Soccer Association became Football Federation Australia.
Melbourne Olympics 1956
Sydney Olympics 2000
• Test series in cricket
• Founded in 1882
• Began through a notice in a newspaper.
• It claimed that English cricket had died when they lost to Australia in England for the first time in its short history, the ashes being taken to Australia.
• Almost even number of wins overall.
• Australia’s oldest and most popular sport
Largely influenced by the Great Depression.
• For horse racing, this meant that struggling men bet on horses for entertainment in their unemployed lives.
• With so many people relying on this sport for enjoyment, the rise of Phar Lap gave hope to those suffering difficult social and economic times.
• He is considered a national treasure and brought the nation together at a hard time.
The Melbourne Cup-
• Famous for its horses and fashion for over 150 years.
• When it began in 1877, it was an event where the higher and lower class societies came together.
• It’s popularity greatly impacts the media coverage and betting rates in Australia.
-"The race that stops the nation" influence sport by bringing Australians together and publicizing horse racing in the country.
Factors that influence the identity of sport in Australia
There are different factors that affect Australia's sporting identity.
What makes sport memorable in Australia?
Top 3 Sporting Moments:
Thanks for watching!
-7 for men and 6 for women
-235 competitors from 33 different countries
-First time butterfly stroke was at the Olympics
-Australia won a total of 14 medals: 8 gold, 4 silver, 2 bronze.
-Top of the medal tally for swimming, with the USA behind them with only 11 medals.
-This was a great deal to all Australians because it was the first Olympics held here.
-Australia's success in swimming and in the first Olympics here made this quite memorable.
-This made Australians excited to watch the sports, as it gave them something to cheer for and feel proud of.
• 2nd Australian Olympics
• Didn’t do as well as the Melbourne Olympics
• USA won a total of 33 medals (14 gold), whereas Australia won 18 medals (5 gold).
• More Olympic events now: 32- same amount as today.
• 16 male and 16 female events so it was even.
• These Olympics had a 3 step phase of heats, semi-finals and finals- excluding long distance events which had the 2 step phase of heats and finals.
• At these Olympics, the Australian men’s 4x100m relay was definitely the race that all of Australia stopped to watch. The men in the team were Michael Klim, Chris Fydler, Ashley Callus, and then Ian Thorpe bringing it home to win the gold.
• They got Australia excited when Michael Klim broke the 100m freestyle world record in their first lap, and then Fydler and Callus stayed strong. When Ian jumped in he was racing who was known as the fastest swimmer in the world at that time. Ian was about half a body length behind with 25m to go, and somehow he found the fire within to push that bit harder and overtook the USA to win gold and the world record!
• The crowd were roaring for Australia the whole time, and this is definitely one that all of Australia remembers.
• Even though that Australia might not have won as many medals, Australia still feel as though they won with the excellent men’s freestyle relay. This left Australia feeling very proud and happy to have won that event, as the USA had talked themselves up and said that they would definitely win gold for sure.
-A few years ago, the Maitland Pumpkin Pickers vs West Suburbs football grand final.
-At the end of the game it was a draw so it went to golden point
-As it continued to be a draw, the game went into unlimited golden point.
-A field goal was kicked by a player whose last game it was for the club from 40 metres away. There had been no other points scored at that end of the field all day; winning Maitland the grand final.
-Since 1980, NSW and Queensland have been "at war" competing for the ultimate prize in rugby league: the State of Origin Shield and bragging rights for the next year.
-So far: NSW has won 40 matches and 12 series
QLD has won 43 matches and 13 series.
Black Caviar's 25th win
-25th straight win
The Ashes Urn
Australian Men's 4x100m swimming relay, Sydney 2000 Olympics
Cathy Freeman's 400m win at the Sydney 2000 Olympics
-USA previous champions- tension between countries
-Half a body length away towards the finish
-"Weight of the nation"
-First competing athlete to light the Olympic flame
Formalisation of Horse Racing sporting clubs in Sydney
Cricket sporting club formalised in Sydney
1850s - 1890s
-Night games and indoor recreation with electric lighting
-Sports results travelled faster with communication networks
-Competitors could travel easier and faster, with inter-town and inter-colonial sports available- broader competition.
- First Aboriginal to captain the Socceroos.
- Was offered a place with the AIS in Canberra at the age of 15.
- One of the youngest players to join the National Soccer League.
- Currently plays for Brisbane Roar in the A League.
In Australia, sport is made memorable by a number of factors:
-Overseas and winning against other countries
-The event won- prestigious
-How hard has the athlete's journey been to get to this point?
Settlement to 1850
-More European settlers arrived
-High participation in sport including: football and AFL as well as horse racing
-Several sporting clubs were being formalised at this time horse racing, cricket and golf between 1825 and 1847.
1950s and 1960s
-Champions emerged in all major sports
-High tennis achievements
-1956 Melbourne Olympics
-Women played a prominent role in sport
1960s and 1970s
-Better facilities were expected at this time
- Important time for Aborigines
-Sports such as rugby league began to recruit Aboriginal players which became a great success.
1970s and 1980s
-Decline in amateur sports
-Increased media exposure of athletes
-More sponsorship deals for athletes