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What makes sport in Australia memorable?

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on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of What makes sport in Australia memorable?

What makes sport in Australia memorable?
Sport in Australia
-AFL
-NRL
-Swimming
-Soccer

-Cricket
-Golf
-Tennis
-Horse Racing

How has sport in Australia changed over the last 200 years?
Sport in Australia has changed over the last 200 years through several aspects:
• Type of sports played
• The way sports were played
• How many people played the sport or knew about it- popularity
• Who could play sport

The contributions of famous Australian sportspeople in shaping sport in Australia
Many Australian sportspeople have helped shape Australia through their influence on sport and society. These people often include women, Indigenous and disabled athletes such as:
-AFL: Douglas Nicholls
-NRL: Gorden Tallis
-SWIMMING: Fanny Durack
-SOCCER: Jade North
-PARALYMPICS: Kurt Fearnley
The impact of major events and competitions on Australian sport
There have been a number of events in history that have influenced Australian sport.

These include:
-Olympics
-Commonwealth Games
-Melbourne Cup
-The Ashes
-The Great Depression (1929 - 1932)
1860s
1870s
1890s
1880s
1850s
1800-1860s
1867
Two international women swimmers called Alice Moon and Elphinstone Duk came to Australia to visit and teach the women of Melbourne how to swim.
1870s
AFL “the game of the people” saw crowds attend to boost Australian spirit
1880s
1890s
1800-1860s
Swimming was divided into male and female. Women weren’t allowed to go to the pool as freely as men were; they could only go at certain times, whereas men whenever they please. Also, only certain clubs let women join them. The women were forced to wear certain swimwear to cover up their bodies.
1850s
1858
Thomas Wills, a Victorian man, first played AFL
1859
AFL had its first official set of rules
1880
Soccer first officially played in NSW
1881
Soccer starts in Melbourne
1882
NSW English Football Association established

The Ashes were founded based on an English newspaper article
1883
First interstate soccer match between Victoria and NSW
1880s - 1890s
Swimming pools were being built rapidly and many more clubs were being formed between this time.
1891
Goal nets for soccer games first used at Wentworth park, Sydney.
1894
Competitive national swimming championships were first held in Australia
1896
At the Olympics, there were events such as 100fs, 500fs, 1200fs and 100fs for sailors. These events were only available for men.
Timeline of Sport in Australia
1920s
1930s
1950s
1940s
1910s
1900s
1920s
1930s
Doug Nicholls became the first Aboriginal player to be selelcted for the Victorian Inter-state AFL team
1940s
Interstate rugby league suspended to due war (resumed in 1945)
1950s
1900s
1902
1910s
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1908 - 1912
Soccer competition begins in SA
Joe Johnson became the first Indigenous person to play AFL at a senior level
Fredrick Lane was the first Australian to go and compete at the Olympics. He won 2 gold medals.
The first soccer team to travel outside of Australia is sent to tour New Zealand. They came from NSW.
First visit by an overseas soccer team- New Zealand
100 soccer clubs are registered in NSW.
NSW Rugby league formed
Chinese Wally Koochew became one of the first men of Asian descent to play AFL
First rugby league clubs formed. NSW won first interstate game over Queensland.
Australia competed as "Australasia" as they were a combined team with New Zealand in swimming.
1911
1912
1916
1919
Rugby league first played at Sydney cricket ground and Sydney sports ground
Women’s events were introduced to the Olympics. They were 100fs and 4x100fs relay. In saying this, Australia had two females go and compete. They were Fanny Durack and Mina Wylie and between them won gold and silver medals. They were the first female competitors in swimming for Australia.
A world first occurs in Senior Sydney soccer clubs by numbering the players.
Interstate rugby league suspended due to war
After an interruption by WW1, returned servicemen boost the amount of soccer players and the plan to form the Australian Soccer Association is back on.
1922
1924
1925
1928
1929 - 1932
Phar Lap's racing career
The Great Depression
First official NRL City vs Country match. First night match at Sydney showground.
The publicity of women's soccer in Australia is first recorded.
First radio broadcast of rugby league
First Queensland win over New South Wales (rugby league)
1935
1942
1950
1956
1957 - 1962
Death of rugby league founder, J.J. Giltinan
Australia held its first Olympics in Melbourne.
Dawn Fraser won the 100fs gold medal.
AFL was first televised
1980s
1990s
2000s
1970s
1960s
1980s
1988
1990s
1990
2000s
1960s
1970s
1960
1964
1965
Dawn Fraser won the 100fs gold medal
Dawn Fraser won the 100fs gold medal
Australia enters the soccer World Cup for the first time.
1978
Australian women's soccer team enters its first international event in Taiwan.
Rugby league leaves the SCG for the Sydney Football Stadium
1995
1998
Victorian Football League (VFL) renamed the Australian Football League (AFL) to reflect the national competition.
Australia participates for the first time in the Women's World Cup for soccer.
National Rugby League formed.
2000
2001
2005
Sydney Olympics were held
Telstra becomes major sponsor of the NRL.
The NRL record the codes highest ever crowd average for a regular season with an average of 16,468 attending each game that season.
-Australian Soccer Association became Football Federation Australia.
Doug Nicholls
Gorden Tallis
Fanny Durack
Kurt Fearnley
Swimming:
Melbourne Olympics 1956
Sydney Olympics 2000
Rugby League:
Cricket:
The Ashes:
• Test series in cricket
• Founded in 1882
• Began through a notice in a newspaper.
• It claimed that English cricket had died when they lost to Australia in England for the first time in its short history, the ashes being taken to Australia.
• Almost even number of wins overall.

Horse Racing:
• Australia’s oldest and most popular sport
Largely influenced by the Great Depression.
• For horse racing, this meant that struggling men bet on horses for entertainment in their unemployed lives.
• With so many people relying on this sport for enjoyment, the rise of Phar Lap gave hope to those suffering difficult social and economic times.
• He is considered a national treasure and brought the nation together at a hard time.

The Melbourne Cup-
• Famous for its horses and fashion for over 150 years.
• When it began in 1877, it was an event where the higher and lower class societies came together.
• It’s popularity greatly impacts the media coverage and betting rates in Australia.
-"The race that stops the nation" influence sport by bringing Australians together and publicizing horse racing in the country.
Factors that influence the identity of sport in Australia
There are different factors that affect Australia's sporting identity.

http://popplet.com/app/#/1160191
http://www.glogster.com/lea1235/fanny-durack-q2a-by-lea1235/g-6kivhvfdbr6htimg6knmut2
http://www.glogster.com/lea1235/doug-nicholls-q2a/g-6kj8g004d4u4tg759kcmjo3
What makes sport memorable in Australia?
Top 3 Sporting Moments:
Thanks for watching!
By:
Danae
Leanne
Tayla
Carly
http://www.glogster.com/lea1235/kurt-fearnley-q2a-by-lea1235/g-6kj0ugrum66m3tt916mgpjd
-13 events
-7 for men and 6 for women
-235 competitors from 33 different countries
-First time butterfly stroke was at the Olympics
-Australia won a total of 14 medals: 8 gold, 4 silver, 2 bronze.
-Top of the medal tally for swimming, with the USA behind them with only 11 medals.
-This was a great deal to all Australians because it was the first Olympics held here.
-Australia's success in swimming and in the first Olympics here made this quite memorable.
-This made Australians excited to watch the sports, as it gave them something to cheer for and feel proud of.
• 2nd Australian Olympics
• Didn’t do as well as the Melbourne Olympics
• USA won a total of 33 medals (14 gold), whereas Australia won 18 medals (5 gold).
• More Olympic events now: 32- same amount as today.
• 16 male and 16 female events so it was even.
• These Olympics had a 3 step phase of heats, semi-finals and finals- excluding long distance events which had the 2 step phase of heats and finals.
• At these Olympics, the Australian men’s 4x100m relay was definitely the race that all of Australia stopped to watch. The men in the team were Michael Klim, Chris Fydler, Ashley Callus, and then Ian Thorpe bringing it home to win the gold.
• They got Australia excited when Michael Klim broke the 100m freestyle world record in their first lap, and then Fydler and Callus stayed strong. When Ian jumped in he was racing who was known as the fastest swimmer in the world at that time. Ian was about half a body length behind with 25m to go, and somehow he found the fire within to push that bit harder and overtook the USA to win gold and the world record!
• The crowd were roaring for Australia the whole time, and this is definitely one that all of Australia remembers.
• Even though that Australia might not have won as many medals, Australia still feel as though they won with the excellent men’s freestyle relay. This left Australia feeling very proud and happy to have won that event, as the USA had talked themselves up and said that they would definitely win gold for sure.

-A few years ago, the Maitland Pumpkin Pickers vs West Suburbs football grand final.
-Windy day
-At the end of the game it was a draw so it went to golden point
-As it continued to be a draw, the game went into unlimited golden point.
-A field goal was kicked by a player whose last game it was for the club from 40 metres away. There had been no other points scored at that end of the field all day; winning Maitland the grand final.

-Since 1980, NSW and Queensland have been "at war" competing for the ultimate prize in rugby league: the State of Origin Shield and bragging rights for the next year.
-So far: NSW has won 40 matches and 12 series
QLD has won 43 matches and 13 series.
Black Caviar's 25th win
Memorable:
-25th straight win
-Australian racehorse
-Famous
-Australian pride
The Ashes Urn
Australian Men's 4x100m swimming relay, Sydney 2000 Olympics
Cathy Freeman's 400m win at the Sydney 2000 Olympics
Memorable:
-In Australia
-USA previous champions- tension between countries
-Half a body length away towards the finish
Memorable:
-"Weight of the nation"
-High expectations
-First competing athlete to light the Olympic flame
-Indigenous
Focused on:
1825
Formalisation of Horse Racing sporting clubs in Sydney
1826
Cricket sporting club formalised in Sydney
1850s - 1890s
-Technology advancements.
-Night games and indoor recreation with electric lighting
-Sports results travelled faster with communication networks
-Competitors could travel easier and faster, with inter-town and inter-colonial sports available- broader competition.
- First Aboriginal to captain the Socceroos.
- Was offered a place with the AIS in Canberra at the age of 15.
- One of the youngest players to join the National Soccer League.
- Currently plays for Brisbane Roar in the A League.
http://www.glogster.com/carweeejaneee/soccer/g-6kip3qdaf3j2lo0hep06gie

Jade North
Locally:
State-wide:
In Australia, sport is made memorable by a number of factors:

-Athletes
-Countries

-In Australia
-Overseas and winning against other countries

-The event won- prestigious

-How hard has the athlete's journey been to get to this point?
Who?
Where?
What?
How?
http://www.glogster.com/danaeavery/gorden-tallis/g-6kisrcpbme7vh5dr4bd6mvb
Settlement to 1850
-More European settlers arrived
-High participation in sport including: football and AFL as well as horse racing
-Several sporting clubs were being formalised at this time horse racing, cricket and golf between 1825 and 1847.
1950s and 1960s
-Champions emerged in all major sports
-High tennis achievements
-1956 Melbourne Olympics
-Women played a prominent role in sport
1960s and 1970s
-Better facilities were expected at this time
- Important time for Aborigines
-Sports such as rugby league began to recruit Aboriginal players which became a great success.
1970s and 1980s
-Decline in amateur sports
-Increased media exposure of athletes
-More sponsorship deals for athletes
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