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Copy of Van and Airplane Tour of the West Region

Social Studies
by

Heather Carr

on 23 May 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Van and Airplane Tour of the West Region

Van and Airplane Tour of the West United States
Lolo Pass, Montana

A Stop on the Lewis and Clark Trail

Yellowstone National Park: Wyoming
"Nature's Tea Kettles"
Leadville, Colorado
The West's Richest Silver Mining Town
Sunny
Southern California
Disneyland Park
California's Central Valley
America's Fruit & Salad Bowl
The Columbia River Gorge
National Scenic Area
Sawmills in
Tacoma, Washington
Anchorage, Alaska
Starting Point of the Iditarod
Honolulu, Hawaii
A Tourist Paradise
In the Rocky Mountains
Pass
– a route across mountains
Lewis & Clark led an expedition through this pass
Today, people hike and fish here

The Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition, was the first American expedition to cross what is now the western portion of the United States, departing in May, 1804 from St. Louis on the Mississippi River, making their way westward through the continental divide to the Pacific coast.

The expedition was commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson shortly after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, consisting of a select group of U.S. Army volunteers under the command of Captain Meriwether Lewis and his close friend Second Lieutenant William Clark. Their perilous journey lasted from May 1804 to September 1806. The primary objective was to explore and map the newly acquired territory, find a practical route across the Western half of the continent, and establish an American presence in this territory before Britain and other European powers tried to claim it.

The campaign's secondary objectives were scientific and economic: to study the area's plants, animal life, and geography, and establish trade with local Indian tribes. With maps, sketches and journals in hand, the expedition returned to St. Louis to report their findings to Jefferson

Expedition
– a journey with a purpose
Two purposes – First, to find an all water route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific ocean. Second, explore the lands west of the Mississippi.

There are about 10,000 hot springs and geysers in Yellowstone.
The land around the geysers became known as Yellowstone National Park.
The first and oldest National Park in the United States.

Located in Rocky Mountains
Highest city 10,430 feet
Sand rich in lead and silver
Another mineral is molybdenum

Walt Disney arrived in Southern California with one goal - to make people happy!
Disneyland opened in 1955

Almost NO rain falls during the growing season
Farming Technology- use of tools and ideas to meet people's needs
Builds dams to irrigate crops - Irrigation
Called America’s Fruit and Salad Bowl

Side Trip:
The Oregon Trail

The Oregon Trail ran approximately 2,000 miles west from Missouri toward the Rocky Mountains to the Willamette Valley. A trail to California branched off in southern Idaho. The Mormon Trail paralleled much of the Oregon Trail, connecting Council Bluffs to Salt Lake City.

The Oregon Trail was laid by fur trappers and traders from about 1811 to 1840 and was only passable on foot or by horseback. By 1836, when the first migrant wagon train was organized in Independence, Missouri, a wagon trail had been cleared to Fort Hall, Idaho. Wagon trails were cleared further and further west, eventually reaching all the way to the Willamette Valley in Oregon.

What came to be called the Oregon Trail was complete, even as improved roads, "cutouts", ferries and bridges made the trip faster and safer almost every year. From various "jumping off points" branched in Missouri, Iowa or Nebraska Territory, the routes converged along the lower Platte River Valley near Fort Kearny, Nebraska Territory and led to rich farmlands west of the Rocky Mountains.
INDEPENDENCE ROCK
This is one of the most noted landmarks along the emigrant trails. Popular legend says that the emigrants needed to reach this point by July 4, thereby giving it its name. But emigrants arrived at this site throughout the traveling season.
Its name actually comes from a party of fur trappers who camped here on July 4, 1824.
The large granite outcropping is 1,900 feet long and 700 feet wide and rises 128 feet. J. Goldsborough Bruff said it looked "like a huge whale" from a distance. The site was a popular camping site.
While encamped here, many many emigrants inscribed their names on the sturdy granite.
Columbia River Gorge
Most of the river forms on the boundary between Washington and Oregon. The Columbia River is the second most traveled river in the U.S.

Dams on the river help make a lot of electricity. Many businesses use this electric power.

Farmers use the water to irrigate crops. It irrigates more than 8 MILLION acres of land.
Gorge
– a deep narrow valley


Sawmill
– a factory where logs are turned into lumber
Then, Tacoma was known as a logging town. Many of the homes were made of wood.
Tacoma is still a center of the wood products industry today. Wood products include lumber, plywood, cardboard, and paper.

The Northern Lights

No matter what you call them—the northern lights, or aurora borealis—these green bands of light in the sky are seriously cool to see. They're actually solar particles blown into the earth's magnetic field more than 60 miles above the earth's surface. Some people mistakenly think that the glow of city lights are northern lights, but the real thing starts as greenish bands that move in east-west direction, then sometimes evolve into undulating waves. They create greenish-yellow, faint blue, or even blood red curtains of color. Alaska Native groups once believed the lights had mystical powers, or were even the dancing spirits of the dead.
Closer to the equator than any other U.S. state
Main industry is sugar cane
Full transcript