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Alcohol and Culture

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Daisy Leach

on 23 September 2016

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Transcript of Alcohol and Culture

"Alcohol and Culture"
"How was the relationship between culture and alcohol established?
Cultural Variations
"avid immersion to total rejection"
Cultural Similarities
more suitable for man than women
more social rather than solitary
more appropriate for those who "grapple with the external environment than for those whose task it is to carry on and maintain a society's internal activities"
Drinking Patterns
Kofyar of Nigeria and Tiriki of Kenya
beer is constant medium of social interchange among men
induces physical and social mellowness
very little aggressive behavior
addiction is rare
offer beer to the spirits regularly
Uses of Alcohol
"can be studied as expressions of pervasive behavioral themes"
What Culture Was Established Through
types of drinks
amount drank
rate at which it takes to drink
time of the day
gender and age
roles involved in drinking
accompanying rituals
Alcohol and Culture
David Mandelbaum
Similarities and Differences Among Societies
by Daisy Leach
Kofyar of northern Nigeria
man's way to heaven is with a beer in hand
make, drink, talk and think about beer
Hopi and other American SW tribes
drinking threatens way of life
successfully ban alcohol from settlements
Aztecs of Central America
gods would be displeased if men did not get grossly drunk
Protestent denominations
alcohol is considered repugnant
not allowed- even symbolically in the communion rite
warriors and shamans more likely to drink than preists and judges
Central and South American societies
"allows or requires men to drink steadily into a state of stupefaction"
do not offer beer to supernatural beings, but rather drink more themselves
drinking is frequent, but addiction is rare
Donald Horton study- 56 tribes
amount of alcohol consumed directly relates to anxieties created by food scarcity, acculturation or war.
disproved by lack of consistency throughout other societies
Peter B. Field critique of Horton
drunkenness in primative societies is not determined by fear, but rather by "the absence of kin groups with stability, permanence, formal structure and well defined functions"
Edwin M. Lemert & William Mangin studies- two intensive studies in NW Indians and Andean Indians
drinking was a means of social integration and a way of providing needed primary social relations
alcohol- either abstaining from or indulging in- is a part of one's culture.
similiarly to developing differentiating cultures, each society develops their own drinking habits that equally differ.
the relationship between the two became established once people started observing these habits and publishing their results for the general public to understand.
all in all, the relationship was established because anthropologists established it!
Kofyar of Nigeria drinking beer
Aztec depiction of
drinking habits
Full transcript