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JFK

Chapter 20 Section 1
by

Matthew Golusin

on 1 May 2014

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Transcript of JFK

Kennedy and the Cold War
The Election of 1960
Eisenhower's second term finishing
Tensions rising between USSR and the United States
Massachusetts Democratic Senator John F. Kennedy vs. Vice President Richard Nixon
John F. Kennedy
Strengths
Came from a wealthy family
Good looking
Charismatic
Weaknesses
Too young (Only 43)
Roman Catholic
- Afraid of the Pope influencing American policies
The Televised Debates Affects Votes
Kennedy and Civil Rights
September 26, 1960
Police arrested Martin Luther King Jr. and other demonstrators for organizing a sit in
King was sentenced to hard labor
Eisenhower & Nixon did not take a stance
Kennedy called Coretta Scott King
-JFK's brother, Robert, convinced the judge to release King on bail
African American community took notice
The Camelot Years
Closest election since 1884
- Won by less than 119,00 votes
"And so my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country."
The Kennedy Mystique
The Best and the Brighest
New first family "fascinated" the public
Newspapers and magazines could not get enough
-Jacqueline Kennedy and her sense of fashion
-Young daughter Caroline and son John Jr.
His cabinet included some of the smartest and youngest people of the time
Brother appointed attorney general
New Military Strategy
"Flexible Response"
Increased military spending
Tripled nuclear capabilities
Crises over Cuba

On January 3rd, 1961 Eisenhower cut off ties with Cuba
New Leader: Fidel Castro
Opened Cuba to Communism and aid from the Soviets
The Bay of Pigs
Eisenhower gave CIA permission
Kennedy learned of the plan only nine days after election
Kennedy negotiated $53 million to give to Cuba in return for captured Cubans
April 17, 1961
The Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 U.S. photographed Soviet missile bases in Cuba
-Had the potential to reach US cities
Kennedy warned any attack from Cuba would cause an all out war against the Soviets
U.S. Navy prepared to quarantine Cuba
Over 100,000 U.S. troops waited in Florida
Break in crisis began when Soviets stopped their ships to avoid conflict with U.S. Navy
Kennedy and Khrushchev Take the Heat
Crisis damaged Khrushchev's reputation in the USSR
Kennedy was criticized for not taking opportunity to remove Castro
Cuban exiles were upset at the Democratic party
Cuba "closed its doors" and banned all flights to Miami
-Cuban population in Miami reached almost 30,000
Crisis Over Berlin


August 13, 1961 East Germany began building the Berlin Wall
Lasted until 1989
Searching for Ways to Ease Tensions

"Hot Line" between the Khrushchev and Kennedy
"Limited Test Ban Theory"
- Barred either country from nuclear testing in the atmosphere
Results of the Election
Kennedy’s Inaugural Address
January 20, 1961
Robert McNamara - Secretary of Defense
Dean Rusk - Secretary of State
Robert Kennedy - Attorney General
McGeorge Bundy - National Security Adviser
70 Million viewers
Nixon hoped to "expose Kennedy's inexperience"
Kennedy was coached by a television producer
Debate created a new era in politics (The Television Era)
-"...image replaced the printed word..." - Russel Baker
Full transcript