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Lesson Plan: Five Themes of Geography

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Nicole Taege

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Lesson Plan: Five Themes of Geography

Nicole Taege - TEACH 259 Five Themes of Geography 1. Location
2. Place
3. Human-Environment Interaction
4. Movement
5. Region What are the
Five Themes of Geography? Location can be "absolute" or "relative"
Absolute location: a specific site of a place on the Earth's surface
EX --> Absolute location can be stated as coordinates of longitude and latitude, a street address, or even using a Township and Range system
Relative location: the situation of a place relative to position of other places.
EX --> The relative location of something can be described using directions (north, east, south, west).
"My home is south of Superior Street." Location Place describes the human and physical characteristics of a location.
Physical characteristics: include a description such things as the mountains, rivers, beaches, topography, and animal and plant life of a place.
Human characteristics: include the human-designed cultural features of a place, from land use and architecture to forms of livelihood and religion to food and folk ways to transportation and communication networks.
Sense of Place: infusing a place with meaning and emotion
Perception of Place: belief or understanding of what a place is like, often based on books, movies, stories, or picture. Place The five themes of geography were created in 1984 by the National Council for Geographic Education and the Association of American Geographers to facilitate and organize the teaching of geography in the K-12 classroom. While they have been supplanted by the National Geography Standards, they provide an effective organization of the teaching of geography.

AND IT'S FUN
(At least I think so) Background - I can define each of the Five Themes of Geography
- I can discuss my understanding of the Five Themes of Geography with a partner or small group
- I can identify examples of the Five Themes of Geography in the world and in my life.
- I can create a visual that demonstrates my mastering of the Five Themes of Geography Today's Objectives Human-Environment Interaction considers how humans adapt to and modify the environment.
Humans shape the landscape through their interaction with the land.
This has both positive and negative effects on the environment.
EX --> Pollution, building of dams and highways, clearing of forests.
Cultural Landscape: the visible human imprint; the material character of a place. Human-Environment
Interaction Diffusion: the process of the spread of an idea, innovation, and/or goods from it's hearth to other areas.
Expansion Diffusion: idea, innovation, and/or good spreading outward from origin
Contagious - spreads to the next available person.
Hierarchical - spreads to the most linked people or places first
Stimulus - promotes local experiment or change.
Relocation Diffusion: movement of individuals who carry an idea, innovation, and or good with to a new (perhaps distant) locale.

Factors that slow or prevent diffusion
Time-distance decay
Cultural barriers Movement Region divides the world into manageable units for geographic study. Regions have some sort of characteristic that unifies the area.
Formal Region: an area that has a common characteristic, whether it be physical or cultural, present throughout.
EX --> German speaking regions in Europe.
Functional Region: An area that contains a set of social, political, or economic activities or intersections.
EX --> Urban, city, suburb
Perceptual Region: an area that is created by ideas in our minds, based on accumulation of knowledge of places and regions, that defines an area of "sameness" or "connectedness"
EX--> The American Midwest Region Questions? Then, let's review! (So, why do we have to learn this stuff?)
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