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Motivation and Online Learning

Motivation in online learning: Testing a model of self-determination theory

District Data

on 27 September 2013

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Transcript of Motivation and Online Learning

(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr

What are
Motivation for online learning: Testing a model of Self-Determination Theory

By: Kuan-Chung Chen and
Syh-Jong Jang
The Little Engine
that could
"Horton Hears a Who"
What motivates you?
good grades
in general
To do: Find cool article
on online learning and motivation
Motivation Triangle
"The purpose of this study was to test self-determination theory in an online learning environment. AST-based model depicting interrelationships among contextual support, need satisfaction, motivation, self-determination and learning outcome was proposed and empirically tested" (Chen & Jeng 2010).

Results show that student's need satisfaction can positively affect online students self-determination when there are supports for ARC (Autonomy, Relatedness and Competency) (Chen & jang 2010).

An implication for online education instructors is that they "should be aware not to dichotomize students into "motivated" and "unmotivated" groups, because two students with seemingly the same motivation level may have totally different reasons to prticipate in class" (Chen & Jang 2010).

Among theories and approaches to student motivation, some tackle the problem from a psychological perspective and some from a physiological perspective. Here is a brief overview:


Behavioural Theory: In B.F. Skinner's view (1953), learning motivation is a result of reinforcement. Students who have been rewarded for learning, for example, by receiving good grades or the praise of people important to them will be motivated to learn.

Humanistic Theory: From Maslow's perspective (1954), learning motivation is a satisfaction of needs and an attempt to fulfill one's total potential as a human being. Students who feel they are loved and that they are capable are more likely to have a stronger motivation to search for knowledge and understanding for their own sake or a stronger desire to develop their own potential.

Attribution Theory: B. Weiner (1992) defined learning motivation as a matter of how learners account for their past successes or failures. Students who attribute their success or failure to effort or learning strategies rather than to their perception of their ability, luck and / or task difficulty will be more eager to learn and will not give up easily.

Expectancy-value Theory: Learning motivation is learners' expectation and valuing of success. Students will be more involved in learning if they value either the outcome or the process of learning and they expect that they will be successful


Brain-Based Learning: According to E. Jensen (1998), the use of different tasks and activities, for example, incorporating movement in learning and providing students with opportunities to experience and celebrate success can regulate the natural production of various neurotransmitters. Among these neurotransmitters, Dopamine and Serotonin are most related to motivation. The brain's natural reward system produces these chemicals whenever a person experiences success and as a result, the efficiency of the brain will be enhanced.

While the various theories of motivation shed light on different motivational factors, an eclectic approach is needed to understand learning motivation from multiple perspectives.

Marjorie & Tseng (n.d.)
What is
Self-Determining Theory?
What are some
other theories?
Motivation and Online Learning
Manifest Bubble
DummyDave 2000 (2010)
Self-Determination Theory
Autonomy, Relatedness, Competancy (ARC)
Learning Outcomes
The model used by this study!
Big and....
... small
This document supports that "human motivation is a complicated, multidimensional inner process, as opposed to a singular, monolithic construct" (Chen & Jang 2010).

It is of paramount importance that instructors in an online learning environment understand their students and provide support that is important to students needs (Chen & Jang 2010).
ARC - These were seen to positively affect online students' self-determination; therefore success.
This is the article that was reviewed
Just had to share this! Gives you something to think about when it comes to motivation!
Drive: The surprising truth about what motivates us
RSAorg (2010)
What do you value?
What drives you?
Cool YouTube I couldn't resist including, but didn't fit the flow of my prezi.
The freedom and independence to be your own person!
Noun: The ability to do something successfully or efficiently. The scope of a person's or group's knowledge or ability.
Synonyms: competency - ability - capacity - capability - aptitude
(Dictionary.com 2011)
Relatedness is the need to feel connected to others and to feel like you belong. It is valuing and caring about your relationships.

Relatedness moderates autonomy, and helps to balance our first-person viewpoint. It also encourages responsibility because accepting responsibility for the well-being of others is an essential element of relatedness.

Relatedness understands reciprocity and symmetry. Community encourages relatedness. Relatedness moderates autonomy because your freedom extends only to where others' freedom begins.

Trouble brews when relatedness clashes with autonomy.

Beaumont 2009
Rajadhyaksha (2011) Five-Drivers of Motivation
Money Posted by Cammy Teng
SSMZ (2009) 4 Kinds of Motivation
Anand (2011) 1296416691780_t
GenerallyThinking.com (2009) The Self-Determination Continuum
MMHE.com (n.d.) Image003.gif
Hicks (n.d.) Super Teacher
Magazine.edublog.org (2008) The Networked Teacher
Hyperthot.com (2001) pm_mot.jpg
cd1.edb.hkedcity.net (n.d.) 0602_04.gif
Marjorie & Tsang (n.d.)
Bonqus.com (2010) Spiral
AASHWIN (2003) MotivationMap
n.a. (2011) motivation-2.gif
Emblibrary.com (2011) A1632.jpg
filmonair.com (n.d.) horton_hears_a_who.jpg
Sparrow_Hawk (2008) Education
Arcady31 (2009) Motivation Sign

Aashwin. (2003). MotivationMap. [gif]. Retrieved from Bized.co.uk http://www.bized.co.uk/sites/bized/files/images/motivationmap.gif

Anand, V. (2011) 1296416691780_t. [jpg]. Retrieved from Merinews.com http://www.merinews.com/upload/thumbimage/1296416691780_t.jpg

Arcady31. (2009). Motivation Sign. [jpg]. Retrieved from 123RF http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/arcady31/arcady311103/arcady31110300016/9156437-motivation-sign.jpg

Chen, KC. & Jang, SJ. (2010). Motivation in Online Learning: Testing a model of self-determination theory. Computers in Human Behaviour, 26, 741-752. Retrieved from http://www.psy.lmu.de/pe-en/study/curriculum/current_courses/1b/4_chen_2010.pdf

DummyDave2000. (2010). Manifest Bubble. [video]. Retrieved from YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pgwRlfRMZpA

Embroidery Library (2011). A1632. [jpg]. Retrieved from Emblibrary.com http://www.emblibrary.com/el/product_images/A1632.jpg

Hicks, M. (n.d.). Super Teacher. [gif]. Retrieved from Discovery Education’s Clip Gallery http://school.discoveryeducation.com/clipart/images/ani_superteacher.gif

Marjorie, B & Tsang, P. (n.d.) Learning Motivation – You can make a difference! Retrieved from cd1.edb.hkedcity.net http://cd1.edb.hkedcity.net/cd/languagesupport/contributions/eng/officers/0602_officers.htm

mhhe.com. (n.d.) Image003. [gif]. Retrieved from On the Web – Concept 02 http://www.mhhe.com/socscience/hhp/otw/fit_well/web02/Web02_files/image003.gif

n.a. (n.d.) Horton_hears_a_who. [jpg]. Retrieved from Film on Air. http://www.filmonair.com/stills/horton_hears_a_who.jpg

n.a. (2011). Money.[jpg].Retrieved from Cammy Teng All about Self Improvement/Motivation http://cammyteng.blogspot.com/2011/02/types-of-motivation.html

n.a. (2011). Motivation-2. [gif]. Retrieved from Laura Paulson - Motivation is as easy as ABC http://laurampaulson.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/motivation-2.gif

n.a. (2008). Networked Teacher. [png]. Retrieved from Edublogs.org http://magazine.edublogs.org/files/2008/02/networkedteacher.png

n.a. (2001). pm_mot1. [jpg]. Retrieved from Hyperthot.com http://www.hyperthot.com/pm_mot1.jpg

n.a. (2009). The Self-Determination Continuum. [gif]. Retrieved from Generallythinking.com Self-Determination Theory – Finding the right kind of motivation by Warren Davies http://generallythinking.com/articles/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/sdt-cont.gif

n.a. (2011). Spiral. [png]. Retrieved from Bonqus. http://bonqus.com/upload/Spiral.png

n.a. (n.d.). 0602_04. [gif]. Retrieved from cd1.edb.hkedcity.net http://cd1.edb.hkedcity.net/cd/languagesupport/contributions/eng/officers/images/0602_04.gif

Rajadhyaksha, A. (2011) Five-Drivers of Motivation. [jpg] Retrieved from Benefit Point http://benefitpoint.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/motivation3.jpg?w=300&h=225

RSAorg. (2010). RSA Animate - Drive: The surprising truth about what motivates us. [video]. Retrieved from YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6XAPnuFjJctheRSAorg

Sparrow_hawk. (2008). 06-Education. [jpg] Retrieved from Village of http://lh4.ggpht.com/_dlkAw43cLC0/SSiMKevOJMI/AAAAAAAABA4/0dpub527ha4/s800/06-education.jpg

SSMZ. (2009). Four-types-of-attitude. [jpg]. Retrieved from http://ro77pk.blogspot.com/2009/11/four-types-of-attitude.html
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