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Copy of RABIES

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Elizabeth Schau

on 4 February 2016

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Transcript of Copy of RABIES

RABIES
What Is Rabies
*Rabies is caused by a bullet-shaped VIRUS called lyssavirus.

*Lyssavirus belongs to a large group of viruses called rhabdoviruses.
SYMPTOMS OF RABIES
Numbness *Fear of water
Tingling *Heart failure
Burning in the *Repertory
area of the wound problems
Excitability *often leads to
Anxiety coma or death
Extreme Sensitivity
to tempeture change
HOW TO TREAT RABIES
Rabies is highly curable before symptoms occur.
The wound is washed and cleaned, but NOT stitched!
Antibiotics are given along with a series of four injections over a time period of four weeks.
When symptoms appears, the chances of survival go down.
Patients may be placed in a drug-induced coma and given 4 different anti-viral medications.
To prevent rabies you should have yourself and pets annually vaccinated
HOW YOU GET RABIES - Transmission
Rabies is passed through the saliva of an infected animal. The saliva is transmitted to a human (or another animal) from a bite.
It is possible to transmit rabies if the infected saliva touches a scratch, the eyes or mouth.
It also may be possible to inhale the virus in area where infected animals (like bats) live in high numbers.
The bat is the vector responsible for most human rabies deaths.
PREVENTION
Vaccinating household pets and taking precautions around wild animals are the best ways to prevent the spread of rabies.
INCIDENCE
In the United States, there are about 1-2 cases of rabies per year.
However, the number jumps to 15,000 worldwide as most cases are found in developing countries in Africa, Latin America, and Asia.
India has many cases each year.
People who are in close proximity to infected animals are more likely to get rabies.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
PROGNOSIS

If immunizations are given within 2 days of transmission, treatment is almost 100% successful.
If immunization is delayed, success goes down.
If immunizations are not given, the fatality rate is 100%.
Current Event
An article about the discovery of a rabid raccoon showed that governments are trying to spread the vaccine to wild animal populations using vaccinated "baits."
Liam Casey The Canadian, Press. "Raccoon rabies case uncovered in Hamilton." Toronto Star (Canada) 05 Dec. 2015: Newspaper Source. Web. 4 Feb. 2016.

"Rabies." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2016. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/313118>.

“Rabies.” Diseases. Ed. Bryan H. Bunch and Jenny E. Tesar. Danbury, CT: Grolier, 2006. 12-13. Print.

"Rabies." Janet Byron Anderson and Rebecca J. Frey, PhD. The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe. 5th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2015. 9 vols.

"Rabies." World Health Organization. WHO, 2016. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.
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