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Culminating Thematic Assignment: Macbeth and Lord of the Flies
Transcript of Culminating Thematic Assignment: Macbeth and Lord of the Flies
- negative ways of achieving the desire is induced
unfair to others
results in carrying out bad choices
- ways used to achieve the desire may affect many people “My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical,
Shakes so my single state of man that function
Is smother’d in surmise, and nothing is,
But what is not.” (I, III, 138-141) Anika, Jessica, Vicky, Vivian Protection Power Violence Media Rationality Anika Ambition Evil Id “The Prince of Cumberland: that is a step on which I must fall down, or else o’erleap, for in my way it lies...The eye wink at the hand. Yet let that be, which the eye fears when it is done to see. (I. IV. 48-53)”. Violence is the easiest and fastest method of achieving power/control. - Macbeth has little time before he loses his chance of being King. - It becomes easier and more tempting to use violent means to get rid of potential obstacles. - Eventually, it becomes a habit to use violence as a tool of achieving power or control. - Ability to hunt provides a reason for the boys to be under him. - Physical force threatens them to obey him. These aggressive traits strengthen his authority and power. Violence is used to achieve quick control over the boys. - Gets the message across instantly. - Straight forward. - Give him a sense of power. “The littluns screamed and blundered about, fleeing from the edge of the forest, and one of them broke the ring of biguns in his terror… A thing was crawling out of the forest. It came darkly, uncertainly… ‘Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!’ (168)”. “To be thus is nothing, but to be safely thus. Our fears in Banquo stick deep, and in his royalty of nature reigns that which would be fear’d. ‘Tis much he dares, and to that dauntless temper of his mind, he hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour to act in safety. There is none but he, whose being I do fear. (III. I. 50-56)". Fear triggers one's sense of self protection, which would lead to violence to demolish the danger. - Macbeth's throne and sense of security is threatened. - He attempts to murder Banquo and Macduff in order to destroy this threat and regain his sense of security. - Fear stimulates an unstable and sensitive state of mind - Triggers the self-defense mechanism to use violence to protect themselves. - Violence is a tool used to destroy threats in order to achieve a sense of security or protection, and to rapidly stabilize the individual's state of mind. “Piggy began again. ‘You didn’t ought to have let that fire out. You said you’d keep the smoke going—’…‘You would, would you? Fatty!’…Jack smacked Piggy’s head. (75)”. “I have seen her rise from her bed… and again return to bed, yet all this while in a most fast sleep… Out damned spot! Out, I say! One, two. (V. I. 3-7, 31)”. The id drives an individual to violent acts in order to quickly avoid pain or instinctual tension. - Jack's id overwhelms his thoughts to do anything to relieve his mental tension. - Aggressive behaviour is able to release the stored tension and stress. - Exerting it out in the form of physical force or energy. - Guilt from the murder overwhelms Lady Macbeth which results in her mental pain and turmoil. - Unlike Macbeth, she cannot exert her stress and affliction out. - The id releases her from her pain by the act of self-violence, or in other words, suicide. - If the pain is overwhelmingly intense, the id is likely to overpower one's ego and rationality to only think of short-term methods/solutions. - Violence is the fastest method to relieve great amounts of inner tension. Rationality Evil Violence Ambition “‘He’s a proper Chief, isn’t he?’ Robert nodded. ‘He’s going to take us hunting.’…‘He’s going to beat Wilfred.’ (176)”. Tool to achieve power Method of defense and protection - Their safety is threatened by violent attacks, and when there's no time to escape, the only way to protect themselves is to fight back. - They try to take the ring before anyone else, therefore violence is the quickest and simplest method in doing so. Violence Power Evilness corrupts one’s morals when one’s desires become overwhelming.
- desire for power is overwhelming when he prioritizes it first before anything else
- evilness alters one’s morals causing what is right to be wrong and vice versa
without goodness there is no right or wrong
leads to bad judgements Evilness is an inherent characteristic that can be contained.
- evilness is a part of the superego
it is inside of someone even if they are unaware of it
- beast is inside of everyone
evilness is inherent
Simon represents compassion yet he can communicate with the Lord of the Flies
- beast can be controlled
Simon is able to control the beast inside him because his actions reflect goodness Macbeth: 3. Ambitious in good way "But all's too weak,
For brave Macbeth - well he deserves that name -
Disdaining Fortune, with his brandish'd steel
Which smok'd with bloody execution
Like Valour's minion carv'd out his passage Till he fac'd the slave
Which ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him
Till he unseam'd him from the nave to th'chaps
And fix'd his head upon our battlements." (I, II, 15 -23) LOF Lack of civilization results in the loss of good morals. Without good morals, the evil within oneself influences one’s judgements.
- evilness influences one to make bad judgements
lack of priority
carry out unpleasant decisions
- bad judgements may affect others "Till that Bellona's bridegroom, lapp'd in proof,
Confronted him with self-comparisons,
Point against point, rebellious arm 'gainst arm,
Curbing his lavish spirit." (I, II, 54- 57) “The suffusion drained away from Jack’s face. Ralph waved again for silence. ‘Jack in charge of the choir. They can be – what do you want them be?’’Hunters.’ ” (P. 19) Ambition sometimes can present in a positive way in order to reach a greater achievement. “We will proceed no further in this business, he hath honour’d me of late.” (I.VII.31-32)
“I am settled and bend up each corporal agent to this terrible feat.” (I.VII.79-80) Macbeth: LOF “‘This is ridiculous. You know perfectly well you’ll only meet me down there – so don’t try to escape!’ Simon’s body was arched and stiff. The Lord of the Flies spoke in the voice of a schoolmaster.” (158) As savagery dominates civilization, the Lord of the Flies gains power.
- as they boys become more like savages, the beast inside of them grows as well
over time there are more and more beasts because the idea of there being a beast made a huge impact on them that it makes them assume that many things are beasts
- once the beast is unleashed, it does not go away as seen in the quote, “This is ridiculous. You know perfectly well you’ll only meet me down there – so don’t try to escape!”
- schoolmaster (male teacher) has authoritative power over students, the Lord of the Flies has power over the boys Macbeth One’s choice determines whether or not the evilness within oneself is unleashed.
- decision of doing very unpleasant things provokes one's dark side to come out of hiding
- making a decision very important because it comes with many consequences
once the evilness is revealed and the decision is carried out, there is no turning back
- one's downfall is the only way to defeat the devil within oneself “If it were done when ‘tis done, then ‘twere well it were done quickly. If th’assassination could trammel up the consequence and catch with his surcease, success, that but this blow might be the be-all and the end-all –here, but here, upon this bank and shoal of time, we’d jump the life to come. But in these cases, we still have judgement here that we but teach bloody instructions, which being taught, return to plague th’inventor.” (I.VII.1-10) LOF “You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you?” (158) - evil is portrayed thorough the character Sauron
- uses unfair methods to possess the ring ‘“We had to have them in the hunt,’ he said, ‘or there wouldn’t have been enough for a ring.’… ‘The fire’s only been out for an hour or two. We can light it up again-”’ (73, 74) Ambition Macbeth LOF Distorts rationality
he sees friends such as Banquo as threats
witches, who put the idea in his head sparked the ambition
allows the idea to take over his mind Ambition for power - The Dark Lord Sauron has ambition to regain his greatest power which is represented by the ring in order to create chaos, control or destroy the world The cause of violence - Since the ring is taken by Frodo and he is attempting to destroy it, therefore, violence is used as a tool in order to satisfy Sauron’s ambition which is to regain his power. “The Prince of Cumberland: that is a step on which I must fall down, or else o’erleap, for in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires, let not light see my black and deep desires, the eye wink at the hand. Yet let that be, which the eye fears when it is done to see.” (I.V.49-53) "Glaims, and Thane of Cawdor: The greatest is behind. --- Thanks for your pains. ---" ( I, III, 116 ) - beasts
- good vs evil
- Sauron = Dark Lord, Lord of the Flies = devil Similarities: Differences: - Sauron does not become evil “Listen all of you. Me and my hunters, we’re living along the beach by a ﬂat rock. We hunt and feast and have fun. If you want to join my tribe come and see us. Perhaps I’ll let you join. Perhaps not.” (p.154)
he puts all his energy into gaining more followers rather than doing the important things such as making a shelter.
he does things that appeal to the boys such as hunting.
he has a strategy
strategy itself is irrational such spending the day hunting and burning down the island at the very end. Becomes immoral
Kills Lady Macduff and her son among others
continues despite bouts of guilt
"But now I am cabin'd, cribb'd, confin'd, bound in saucy doubts and fears." (III.iv.)
Worried about threat to his power Becomes uncivilized and immoral
“Bollocks to the rules! We’re strong—we hunt! If there’s a beast, we’ll hunt it down! We’ll close in and beat and beat and beat—!” (p.130)
Not because of ambition
Jack's tribe revolts against order find a chaos quote. they do not want to do the rational thing but rather what they please.
Jack and power Macbeth Lord of the Flies Used as an alternate form of persuasion
Jack gains power by inducing fear upon others.
Jack persuades the twins by torturing them
brutal manner but it works
burn the island to ruin
no foresight "...He got angry and made us tie Wilfred up. He's been' -he giggled exitedly- 'he's been tied up for hours, waiting-'" (p.176)
Addicted to violence
acts of violence occupy their minds
question of sanity Thematic Assignment "Here's the smell of blood still; all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand." (V.i)
Haunted by their murders
mind is overtaken by guilt
conscience To gain power
norm in militaristic society
Logical but immoral
his men abandon him
no foresight In both cases, society values rationality however physical dominance is valued more.
Banquo and Piggy represent rationality in each story and yet it is Jack and Macbeth, who are strong and dominating, who eventually rise to the top. Ralph may have been chosen by the group and at first they are loyal to him but Jack is eventually favoured with his hunting and such. However, Piggy and Banquo are still respected. Lord of the Flies & Macbeth Mental strength
not controlled any desire to keep the ring
they decide to destroy it, a rational decision
exactly what Jack and Macbeth failed to do by allowing their desires to control them
Jack spent most of his time campaigning against Ralph
Macbeth committed a few murders in order to become and remain king
The greater good
destroying the ring for the greater good rather than for personal gain
many decisions made in LOF and Macbeth were made to increase one's own power Different from LOF and Macbeth for all the right reasons. - Macbeth's ambition for a greater reputation become a motivation which turned him into a brave and capable warrior on battlefield. - Ralph has ambition for power as well as Jack.
- Willing to parcel the power and not only for his personal good.
- Needs power in order to strengthen his ability of governing the boys in a democratic way. - Macbeth’s ambition for power is become stronger and stronger.
- The witches prophecies are maximize and awaken Macbeth’s deep and unconscious desire for power.
- Causes him to seek for a greater authority, in this case is murder Duncan and replaces him. “‘I ought to be chief,’ said Jack with simple arrogance, ‘because I’m chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp.’” (P.18) - Base on he is the leader of the choir, and the power that he already gain by his physical appearance
- His desire for authority is became so obvious and spontaneous. Ambition can overwhelm and blind the sense of rationality and moral, and it also can destroy the boundaries which are set by rules and orders. Therefore, it causes the use of violence in order to satisfy the ambition. - Macbeth instantly and spontaneously related it to the murder of Duncan, even though the witches didn’t mention about it
-Triggers his unconscious murderous ambition. “‘I cut the pig’s throat,’ said Jack, proudly, and yet twitched as he said it.” And “There was lashings of blood,’ said Jack, laughing and shuddering, ‘you should have seen it!’” (P.73) - Jack overwhelmed by ambition
- Become more and more violence and savagery
- In order to gain more power, he has to show the greater physical ability in hunting. - Macbeth fight against the traitor for Duncan and Scotland indicates his loyalty and his good ambition.