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Fall of the Byzantine Empire

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Kate McDannold

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of Fall of the Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire's Decline Cause One However, the Empire couldn't
remain strong and relentless. After
numerous wars and battles, along with the
emergence of new enemies throughout Europe,
Byzantium couldn't hold onto its success and glory. In 1453, this huge empire was conquered after many different events began to crumble its strong foundations. Throughout the history of the
Byzantine Empire, its influence
steadily rose before it began
to slip away, eventually leading
to its conquest at the hands of
the Ottomans. The Byzantine Empire's strength centered around
its trade and position in the world. Ruling over the eastern Mediterranean, Constantinople had almost complete dominance over the economic prosperity in the region. This, coupled with many famous and capable leaders such as Justinian I, led to its rapid growth and solid economic foundation. The Byzantine-Arab Wars What caused this great city, the
last remaining shred of the
Roman Empire, to fall? What
factors led to its decrease in
power and strength? Let's look
at the causes of the Byzantine
Empire's demise. The Foundation of an Empire The Beginning of the End As Byzantium thrived, competitors arose
in the west and began causing trouble forthe Empire. Rome and regions such as
Italy were lost to the Arabs as they swept across Byzantine lands. This conflict lasted over 300 years and spanned many generations. Effect Loss of Land and Power Every war costs resources, and a conflict lasting over three hundred years proved to be an immense strain on the Byzantine Empire. It also led the the Empire losing a huge amount of territory to the Arabs, who gained strength and influence through their newly acquired lands. The Battle of Manzikert The defeat of Byzantine troops at the battle of Manzikert was quite dramatic. The Seljuk Turks won a decisive victory and captured Emperor Romanos IV, humiliating him with their kind treatment and writing their own treaty agreements out. The region of Anatolia was lost to Byzantine. Complete Political and Social Change A new emperor, Baldwin of Flanders, was placed as the head of Constantinople while the old aristocrats of the city fled for their lives, receiving no mercy from their former subjects. The Empire's enemies were given an informal reprieve from the threat of Byzantium, and began to grow in strength- specifically, the Ottoman Turks. Cause Two Weakening of Military Prowess The Roman Empire had always relied on their military, and Byzantium continued this tradition. However, after a period of weak rulers and military ventures, it became difficult to maintain a capable and intimidating army. Effect Cause Three The Siege of Constantinople The Crusades had a profound impact on Constantinople, and the bloody battles came to their walls. On April 13th, 1204, the capital city itself was invaded and ransacked for its art, riches, and relics, while its citizens were slaughtered and raped. Effect How Does the Byzantine Empire Fall? After over 1500 years of a Roman government, the world lost the last fragment of the Roman Empire to the Ottoman Turks, who laid siege to the city of Constantinople in 1453 for over a month. They battled on the 29th of April and ended the reign of the Byzantines- permanently.
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