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BBP

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by

Blinoff ROP MedCore/Sports Med

on 22 September 2015

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Transcript of BBP

What are Blood Borne Pathogens (BBP)?
HOW ARE BBPs SPREAD?
Blood
Saliva
Mucus Membranes
eyes, mouth, nose
Vomit
Semen or vaginal secretions
Open wounds

Which are a threat to Athletic Trainers?

PROTECT THE AT
ALWAYS assume athletes are contaminated.
ALWAYS practice proper preventative measures.
POST-INCIDENT
Decontaminate all surfaces
wipe down with bleach mixture
or lysol
Dispose of all contaminated waste in b
iohazard bags/cans
Must be marked with universal symbol
Change out of any contaminated clothing
EXPOSURE TO THE AT
Contact with another person’s blood or bodily fluid
Pee tests, wound care
Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose
CPR
Non-intact skin
open wounds
Contaminated sharps/needles
razors, tweezers, nail clippers, needles

HEPATITIS B (HBV)
BLOOD BORNE PATHOGENS
HEPATITIS C (HCV)
Hepatitis C is the
most common
chronic blood borne infection in the United States
no vaccine
Attacks the liver
Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting
May lead to chronic liver disease and death
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HIV is the virus that
leads to AIDS
Attacks the immune system
HIV does not survive well outside the body
No threat on contracting HIV through casual contact

Microorganisms that are present in human blood and fluids that can cause disease in humans

1—1.25 million Americans are infected
Attacks the liver

S&S: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea , vomiting
May lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and death
Vaccination available since 1982
HBV can survive for at least one week in dried blood
Symptoms can occur 1-9 months after exposure

PROTECTION
Use of proper PPE (personal protective equipment)
Gloves, goggles, coats, CPR masks
Make sure they are intact (no holes or tears) before use
Treat all blood and bodily fluids as if they are contaminated
Proper cleanup
wash hands ASAP with anti-bacterial soap
Disposal of all contaminated material in the proper manner
marked biohazard bags
Why do we care?
Occupational Safety and Health Association (OSHA) Requirement
Anyone whose job involves exposure to blood is required to complete training
Anyone who will be performing CPR or First Aid may come in contact with BBP
The more you know, the better you can protect yourself!
Universal Precautions
Take these precautions to prevent contact with human fluids and avoid spread of BBPs
Treat ALL fluids like they may be infected
Use Personal Protective Equipment: gloves, protective coats, goggles
make sure there are no holes
Wash hands ASAP after coming in contact with fluids
Common Blood Borne Pathogens
Malaria
Brucellosis
Syphilis
Hepatitis B (HBV)
Hepatitis C (HCV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
IF YOU TOUCHED BLOOD....
Wash hands ASAP
Report the incident
Get Medical Evaluation
Test source individual
Full transcript