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Transcript of SOAPSTone
The voice that tells the story
Do not give only a name - how would you describe that person?
The author and the speaker are NOT necessarily the same
The time and place of the piece; the context that encouraged the writing to happen
Larger Occasion: what is going on in the world
Immediate Occasion: the event
The group of readers at whom the piece is directed
It may be one person, a small group, or a large group
The reason the author wrote it
"What does the author want the audience to think or do as a result?"
To persuade, to inform, or to entertain
The general topic, content, and ideas contained in the text
You should be able to state this in a few words or a phrase
The attitude of the speaker
Tone can be determined by examining
Diction (choice of words)
Syntax (sentence construction)
Imagery (vivid descriptions that appeal to the senses)
Complete your exit ticket based on M.L.K. Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" Speech.
How does he/she establish ethos (personal credibility)?
Does he/she come across as knowledgeable? Fair?
Does the speaker's reputation convey a certain authority?
What kinds of values or customs would the people have that would produce this?
How do the allusions, historical references, or kinds of words used place this in a certain time and location?
What values does the audience hold that the author or speaker appeals to?
Who have been or might be secondary audiences?
Can you identify the responses of historical or contemporary audiences?
Does the message/speech/text succeed in fulfilling the author's or speaker's intentions? For whom?
Does the form complement the content? What effect could the form have, and does this aid or hinder the author's intention?
What is the content of the message?
Can you summarize the main idea?
What are the principal lines of reasoning or kinds of arguments used?
What figures of speech (schemes and tropes) are used?
What kind of style and tone are used and for what purpose?
How does the speaker appeal to reason? To emotion?
Does the message/speaker succeed in fulfilling the author's/ speaker's intentions? For whom?
Does the author/speaker effectively fit his/her message to the circumstances, times, and audience?
What does the nature of the communication reveal about the culture that produced it?