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Amnesty International

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Jessie Zhou

on 9 March 2014

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Transcript of Amnesty International

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Amnesty International
Head quarter: London, UK
5 regional offices: Africa, America, Asia Pacific, Europe &Central, Middle East & North Africa
offices in more than 80 countries around the world
50 international offices
Target Country
Presentation by:
Ama, Amanda, Farial, Ivony, Jessica, Jessie
Target Populations
Open Operations!
to mobilize
public pressure
and show international solidarity/pressure on
governments
, armed political groups, companies and intergovernmental bodies via:
through
letter-writing
, online and offline
campaigning
(ex:campaign 'Get Up, Sign Up' marked 50 years of the UDHR. Thirteen million pledges were collected in support) , demonstrations, vigils and direct lobbying of those with power and influence.
sends
official missions
to countries to make courteous but insistent inquiries.
observing trials
, working with local human rights activists, and monitoring the media
issue timely
press releases
and
publishes information
in newsletters and on web sites.
research
and
library resources

music concert
was held in Paris on 10 December 1998 (Human Rights Day).
Open Operations!
research & its own library/ resources
music concert
was held in Paris on 10 December 1998 (Human Rights Day).
through its
"Artists For Amnesty" program
has also endorsed various cultural media works for what its leadership often consider accurate or educational treatments of real-world topics which fall within the range of Amnesty's concern.
A is for Auschwitz
At the Death House Door
Blood Diamond[59]
Bordertown
Catch a Fire
In Prison My Whole Life
In 2008. Amnesty International's mobile fund raising campaign
Open Operations cont'd
By 1980 Amnesty International was drawing more criticism from governments.
The USSR alleged that Amnesty International conducted espionage, the Moroccan government denounced it as a defender of lawbreakers, and the Argentine government banned Amnesty International's 1983 annual report
would be awarded consultative status by the United Nations, the Council of Europe and UNESCO before the decade ended.
Target Country
more than 3 million supporters, members and activists in over 150 countries and territories
a country that doesn't have an office you have the option to become an International member.
receive emails about human rights campaigns that are targeted to your interests and opportunities to take action for human rights impact.

AI Funding
Sources of funding
Canadian Section Action
Grassroots Activism
Communications and
raising public awareness
Organization
International Action
Sources of funding cont'd

Sources of funding for human rights work include donations by:
-individuals
-national and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs)
-national and foreign government bodies such as overseas development funds
-international governmental organizations such as the European Union.
Bias?
Although AI claims that does not accept donations from governments or political parties, there is still a record of grant receivings from UK DFID ( Department of International Development)
In 2008, DFID proposed a 4-year grant of a total 3, 149,000
In 2010, AI received a totall of 842, 000 from DFID
Along with other non-affiliated government organizations, AI received funding from the European Commission, the Netherlands, US, and Norway
Connections with local/national governments?
It says that it does not accept donations from governments or governmental organisations. According to the AI website:

"these personal and unaffiliated donations allow AI to maintain full independence from any and all governments, political ideologies, economic interests or religions. We neither seek nor accept any funds for human rights research from governments or political parties and we accept support only from businesses that have been carefully vetted. By way of ethical fundraising leading to donations from individuals, we are able to stand firm and unwavering in our defence of universal and indivisible human rights.”
YOU+AI=AI MEMBER
What you achieve as an Amnesty Member:
You free prisoners of conscience
You prevent political killings and disappearances
You save people from torture
You protect the rights of children
You strengthen the human rights of women
You protect the rights of Indigenous peoples
You stand alongside brave human rights defenders
You protect the rights of refugees
You call for an end to poverty-related human rights violations
You demand dignity for everyone
You bring human rights abusers to justice
Western ideology (what is Human Rights?)
Impartial or targeting non-western countries?
Puts pressure on bigger countries to control smaller countries.
Recommendations
Amnesty International says it is impartial and neutral, yet it is very vocal about political issues. Can an organization claim to be neutral but still take a stance on political issues?
Discussion Questions:


Toll Free Number: 1-800-AmnesTY (1-800-266-3789)

Website: www.amnesty.ca

NATIONAL OFFICE
312 Laurier Ave East Ottawa ON K1N 1H9tel: (613) 744-7667fax: (613) 746-2411email: members@amnesty.ca

TORONTO OFFICE
1992 Yonge Street – 3rd Floor Toronto ON M4S 1Z7tel: (416) 363-9933fax: (416) 363-3103email: toronto@amnesty.ca

VANCOUVER OFFICE

430-319 West Pender Street Vancouver BC V6B 1T3 tel: (604) 294-5160 fax: (604) 294-5130 email: vancouver@amnesty.ca
How they Work!

Research
Action
Advocacy

Theoretical Framework that Guides the Organization
The grand ideological- structural framework
Anti-oppressive practice
Critical Race Theory
Feminist
addresses social divisions and structural inequalities in the work that is done with ‘clients’ (users) or workers. (Dominelli ,1998)
Positive: Addresses various forms of oppression faced by individuals in their home country
Anti-Oppressive Practice
Critical Race Theory
a critical examination of society and culture, to the intersection of race, law, and power.
Pro: Helps numerous ethnic groups
-Has various programs addressing injustice based on race
Feminist Theory
which analyzes the status of women and men in society with the purpose of using that knowledge to better women's lives. Feminist theorists have also started to question the differences between women, including how race, class, ethnicity, and age intersect with gender.
Can be seen in through various programs advocating for women
Discussion Question #1

-All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights
-Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
-No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
-No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
-AT OUR MOST POWERFUL WHEN STANDING IN SOLIDARITY
-INDIVIDUALS WORKING TOGETHER CAN BRING REAL CHANGE
-TO BE THE MOST EFFECTIVE FORCE OF FREEDOM AND JUSTICE
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as Amnesty Values
Objectives
-Defend Freedom of speech-Defend women’s rights
-Abolish the death penalty
-Demand justice for crimes against humanity
-Demand accountability of corporations that have abused human rights.
POLITICAL AND RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS
-Democratic and self-governing
Not affiliated to:
-any government
-political ideology
-economic interest
-religion
-Do not SUPPORT or OPPOSE any government, political system, nor the views of those whose rights they seek to protect.
Vision & Mission
Our vision is of a world in which every person – regardless of race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation or gender identity – enjoys all of the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other internationally recognized human rights standards. The UDHR states that the "the recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights" of all people is "the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world."
Amnesty Itl. Worldwide Organization
Amnesty international conducts research and generates action to prevent and stop human rights violations in every corner of the globe.
They respond to human rights crises as they occur.
Human rights abuses in Syria
Protests began 2011 against the Assad government
Turned into fighting between government and opposition forces
Civillians main victims, caught up between the two fighting sides
A.I. pressuring both sides to respect the “laws of war”
Wrote letters to Assad and leaders of opposition
A. I. wants to stop indiscriminate attacks and protect civilians
Systemic and widespread human rights abuses
Crimes against humanity were an everyday occurrence.
Bahrain
200 years of Al Khalif family rule

Restrictions freedom of expression and the targeting of key opposition activists

2011 – protests demanding freedom, social justice, political and constitutional reforms.

Gross human rights abuses to clamp down on the protests

20 health workers given prison terms for treating the wounded
Women for Human Rights
-Women only marches in Bahrain
Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)
This is an initiative being pushed by A. I.
Hundreds of thousands killed, injured, raped and forced to flee from their homes.
Currently - No treaty to ensure the strict control of the international trade in conventional arms
Amnesty International claims that they:
a)They do not support or oppose any government or political system
b)they support the views of those whose rights they seek to protect
c) they do not necessarily support or oppose the views of those whose rights they seek to protect
d)they oppose any government or political system
e)none of the above
Human Rights Still Need Protection
Women's, children's, minorities' and indigenous rights
Ending torture
Abolition of the death penalty
Rights of refugees
Rights of prisoners of conscience
Protection of human dignity.
Perpetuation of Atrocities
Gross Human rights abuses by people in power, such as governments and corporations.
Wars
Gun culture
Need for countries to suppress voice of dissent
Arms Control and Human Rights
http://www.amnesty.ca/sites/default/files/amnesty_annual_review_2011.pdf
1960's
1980's
1970's
1990's
2000's
prisoners of conscious
?
opposed dealth penalty
opposed torture of prisoners
political killings & disappearances
Refugees
religious minorities
death row
racial ethnic
globalisation
9-11
violence against woman
Full transcript