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Chapter 17, Section 1

Spain and Portugal

Gail Cado

on 3 November 2016

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Transcript of Chapter 17, Section 1

Spain is like a well guarded castle.

1. Pyrenees Mountains block passage across the nation's only land border.
2. Steep cliffs rise along the coastal edge, preventing easy attack from the sea.
A plateau covers most of Spain - known as Meseta.
Only one river in Spain is navigable - deep and wide enough to allow ships to pass.
Climate on the Coast -
Mediterranean climate: mild, rainy winters with hot, dry summers.
Farmers in the Meseta grow wheat or barley using dry farming methods - land is unplanted every few years to regain moisture.
Spain's major export is transportation equipment.
Barcelona, the nation's largest port, is a manufacturing center.
Spain still has high unemployment rates.
Spain's largest city is its capital - Madrid.

It became the capital in 1561 because of its central location.
Madrid became a hub - a central point of concentrated activity and influence.

Madrid is a metropolis of more than 3 million residents.
Spanish Culture
Basque people of northern Spain:
less than one million people
Basque language is difficult to learn.
Basques have a strong sense of cultural divergence to protect their culture.
Size of Indiana
Northeast corner is mountainous.
Grains grow on flat lands.
Olive oil is produced in the south
In the 15th century, Portugal began exploring East Asia and Africa. It set up many trading colonies.

In 1494, Spain and Portugal signed treaty for control over South America. Portugal gained control of large parts of Africa and Brazil . Spain controlled most of the rest of Latin America.

Portugal did not grant independence to its African colonies until 1975. Since then, nearly one million Africans have immigrated to Portugal, seeking greater opportunities.
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