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Introduction to World War II
Transcript of Introduction to World War II
Treaty signed by: United States, Great Britain, France & Italy. NOT GERMANY. A war over nothing Terms of the Treaty Germany looses France, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Hungary and Austria.
Germany & Austria can never become allies again.
Germany looses colonies and resources: France, Britain & Japan gain control.
Land Sarajevo, 1914: the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand The catalyst: The Consequences Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
Russia mobilizes army to help Serbia
Germany declares war on Russia and France
France declares war on Germany
Britain declares war on Germany
Japan declares war on Germany
Germany declares war on Japan 1914 1917 USA declares war on Germany
1915 Italy joins with Germany and Austria-Hungary The Treaty of Versailles Terms of the Treaty Military Rhineland becomes DMZ: no military allowed
Germany reduced military by 100,000 men
Germany can't draft soldiers
No heavy artillary: tanks, planes, navy, submarines Terms of the Treaty Money Germany blamed for entire war
Germany must pay damages for WW I
Total cost: $33 billion dollars Germany Looking for Leader 1919 -1933 Parties: Social Democrat
Nazi Party Adolf Hitler "What we have to fight for is the freedom and independence of the Fatherland, so that our people may be enabled to fulfill the mission assigned to it by the creator." -- Mein Kampf In Germany . . . New government: democracy in 1919
By 1932, 1/2 of German population unemployed (6 million people).
1932: Democracy begins to fail. Hitler's Early Years Born in Austria 1889
Volunteers for service in WWI, 1914
Joins National Socialist German Worker's Party (NAZIs)
Becomes a NAZI leader through: persuasion
charisma Mein Kampf 1923: Nazi Party revolts against government
Hitler put on trial, sentenced for 5 years
Serves 9 months
Writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle) "The personification of the devil as the symbol of all evil assumes the living shape of the Jew." "I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator: by defending myself against the Jew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord." Hitler Blames Jews German defeat in WW I.
High unemployment in Germany and Austria.
Spread of communism. Hitler's Rise to Power 1933: Hitler becomes Chancellor
Nazi Party largest party in Germany Rise of Nazi Power 1934: National elections held
Nazi candidates running
Fire in the election center: Nazi's blame it on communists Hitler limits the rights of German citizens 1. Security checks, registration according to religion and ethnicity
2. SS (Secret Security/Gestapo) and SA (Storm Troopers) established to crush opposition to Nazi Party Hitler declares himself dictator for life German civil rights suspended
Political parites outlawed
Labor unions outlawed
Military law declared Nazi Success 1937: Unemployment dropped from 6 million to 1 million "Building army": building roads, factories, power stations, etc. Heading for War 1935: Military increased to 550,000 men Violates the Treaty of Versailles Nuremberg Laws enforced Restricted Jewish business
Display the Star of David in shops and on clothes
Curfew for Jews
Jews start being put in concentration camps 1936: Troops sent to Rhineland
1938: Treaties and illegal alliances Violates the Treaty of Versailles Violates the Treaty of Versailles Austria and Hungary combine
Italy and Russia negotiate treaties with Germany Kristallnacht (November) 1938 German Military officer killed by a Jewish man (in France)
"Night of Broken Glass" Retaliation against Jews
Jewish businesses destroyed
Jewish people killed Justification for Jewish removal, relocation, extinction. Germany's Conquests Nazi's invade Poland September 1, 1939
Britain and France declare war on Germany Nazi/Soviet non-aggression Pact
Hitler promises not to invade Russia August 1939 Called "The Great War"