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Type 1 Diabetes

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by

Jacey Griffith

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Type 1 Diabetes

The Role of Blood Sugar Monitoring and Adjustment
-Blood sugar is measured using a small portable electronic device with a drop of blood.
-Blood sugar monitoring can help you judge how well you are doing, understand how diet and exercise affect blood sugar levels, understand how illness and stress affect blood sugar levels, monitor the effect of diabetes medications on blood sugar levels, and identify blood sugar levels that are too high or too low.
-You should test it three or more times a day.
Nutritionist or Dietician
-They can help you set up a meal plan that is individualized to your needs.
-They teach you how to count carbohydrates in your foods, your calorie consumption, and your fat consumption.
-They will give you the feeling of not going through it alone.
Ophthalmologist
-Having high blood sugar can damage your eyes.
-Diabetic Retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness in American adults.
-It damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina.
-You can also get a cataract or glaucoma.
-A cataract is a cloud over the lens of the eye, while the glaucoma damages the main nerve in the eye when pressure builds up.
-You can get laser treatment or surgery.
Podiatrist
-Diabetes can cause the nerves that control feeling and alert you to be damaged.
-An open sore or injury can go unnoticed until it becomes infected. This can cause the foot or lower leg to have to be amputated.
-"...Diabetes is the leading cause of non-traumatic lower-limb amputation" (American Podiatric Medical Association).
-Having your feet checked regularly can help prevent this.

Type 1 Diabetes
By:Jacey Griffith

Exercise and Lifestyle
-Being a Type 1 Diabetic, you should exercise at least three to four days a week for twenty to sixty minutes. It should be low to moderate intensity.
-You should carry a carbohydrate heavy snack in case you need energy immediately.
-You should monitor your glucose before and after exercise to make sure you aren't overdoing it.
-"People with type 1 diabetes must coordinate calorie intake with medication or insulin administration, exercise, and other variables to control blood glucose levels" (Shore Health University of Maryland Medical System)
How does staying fit relate to keeping Type 1 Diabetes in control?
-Exercise uses glucose as a fuel.
-Since glucose is built up in the blood, exercising will help counteract it. It acts as insulin. The insulin that is injected can be lowered because of exercise.
Diabetes
-A metabolic disease in which the body's inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
-Insulin helps control the level of glucose in your blood
-There are two types: Type 1 and Type 2
What kind of diet should a Type 1 Diabetic Have?
-You should make sure that your intake is balanced with insulin and oral medications. You should also exercise to help manage your sugar levels.
-When picking foods, make sure they are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
-Choose healthy foods to eat.
-You should try to get plenty of vegetables and seafood. Try to get a fair amount of grains.
Resources
-American Podiatric Medical Association. (2013). Diabetes Awarness.
American Podiatric Medical Association
. Retrieved from http://www.apma.org/Learn/content.cfm?ItemNumber=1405
-National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2013, November). Diabetic Eye Problems.
MedlinePlus
. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabeticeyeproblems.html
-Time Inc. Lifestyle Group. (2008, April). 3 Things Dietitians Can Do to Help You Control Diabetes.
Time Inc. Lifestyle Group.
Retrieved from http://www.health.com/health/m/condition-article/0,,20188347,00.html
-Mayo Clinic Staff. (2013, July). Diabetes.
Mayo Clinic.
Retrieved from www.mayoclinic.com
-Shore Health. (2009, May). Diabetes - type 1 - Lifestyle Changes.
Shore Health
. Retrieved from http://health.shorehealth.org/patiented/articles/what_lifestyle_measures_type_1_diabetes_000009_7.htm
-American Diabetes Association. (2013, August). Diabetes Meal Plans and a Healthy Diet.
American Diabetes Association.
Retrieved from http://m.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/diabetes-meal-plans-and-a-healthy-diet.html
-Ace Fitness Programs. Exercise and Type 1 Diabetes.
Ace Fitness Programs.
Retrieved from http://www.acefitness.org/acefit/healthy_living_fit_facts_content.aspx?itemid=2607
-To adjust your blood sugar, you can
exercise and have a healthy diet. This will help bring down your blood sugar. You also will need to take insulin shots to put insulin in your body to allow glucose to get into the cells.
Biology of Type 1 Diabetes
This is the normal feedback mechanism.
In Type 1 diabetes, it skips the second step which is to release insulin. It goes straight to the 3rd step, if you take your insulin shot.
-The Pancreas cannot make insulin if you have Type 1 Diabetes.
-The insulin in the body helps to monitor the amount of glucose, or sugar, in the body. Without it, the glucose builds up in the blood.
-The insulin is supposed to hook to the cell to allow the glucose in.
-Cells cannot get energy if you have Type 1 Diabetes.
-You cannot maintain homeostasis (maintaining a stable internal condition).
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