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History of Pizza

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Celia Duggan

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of History of Pizza

American Favorites Who eats Pizza? Pizza Timeline 6th Century B.C.- During the Persian Empire, it is said that the soldiers of Darius the Great baked a flat bread with cheese and dates on their shields when on a long march.

1st Century B.C.- In “The Aenid” written by Virgil, there is a passage where he talks about “cakes of bread” which are made of flour.

79 A.D.- Among the frozen ashes of Pompeii, there is evidence left over that a flat flour cake was baked and widely eaten. Evidence was also found in Pompeii of shops, complete with marble slabs and other tools of the trade, which resemble the conventional pizzeria. -94 percent of Americans eat pizza regularly
-Americans eat approximately 100 acres of pizza a day or about 350 slices per second.
-Pizzerias represent 17% of all restaurants.
-Eating pizza once a week can reduce the risk of esophageal cancer
-The longest pizza delivery was from Cape Town, South Africa to Sydney, Australia
-The most expensive pizza created was made by the restaurateur Domenico Crolla who created a $2,745.00 priced Valentine pizza which included toppings such as sunblush-tomato sauce, Scottish smoked salmon, medallions of venison, edible gold, lobster marinated in the finest cognac and champagne-soaked caviar
-Pizza comes from the latin root word Picea which means the blackening of crust by fire
-The world's first pizzeria opened in Naples in 1830 and was dubbed, "Antica Pizzeria Port'Alba." It is still in business today. 
-Pizza got the nickname "Tomato Pie" because it used to be sold without any cheese and was just tomatoes on flat bread. Pizza Around The World By Celia Duggan and Sophie Kasian History of Pizza 1522- Tomatoes were brought back to Europe from Peru. They were originally thought to be poisonous but the poorer people of Naples started adding it to their yeast dough to create the first pizza as we know it.

17th Century- Pizza had achieved local popularity among visitors to Naples to try dishes called “pizzaioli”.

18th Century- Queen Maria Carolina d'Asburgo Lorena, wife of the King of Naples, Ferdinando IV, had a special oven built in their summer palace so that their chef could serve pizzas to herself and to her guests.

19th Century- Pizza was sold in the streets in Naples at all times of the day. Pizza migrated to Ameica with the Italians in the latter half of the 19th century. 1943 - Chicago-style deep-dish pizza (a pizza with a flaky crust that rises an inch or more above the plate and surrounds deep piles of toppings) was created by Ike Sewell at his bar and grill called Pizzeria Uno.

1945 - With the stationing of American soldiers in Italy during World War II came a growing appreciation of pizza. When the soldiers returned from war, they brought with them a taste for pizza.

1948 - The first commercial pizza-pie mix, "Roman Pizza Mix," was produced in Worcester, Massachusetts by Frank A. Fiorello.

1950s - It wasn't until the 1950s that Americans really started noticing pizza. Celebrities of Italian origin, such as Jerry Colonna, Frank Sinatra, Jimmy Durante, and baseball star Joe DiMaggio all devoured pizzas. It is also said that the line from the song by famous singer, Dean Martin; "When the moon hits your eye like a big pizza pie, that amore" set America singing and eating pizzas.

1957 - Frozen pizzas were introduced and found in local grocery stores. The first was marketed by the Celentano Brothers. Pizza soon became the most popular of all frozen food. Pizza Fun Facts Australia When it comes to pizza, Australians like to do things their own way. One of the popular dishes is a combination that consists of barbecue sauce, emu, crocodile and kangaroo. Definitely a different kind of meat lovers' pie! Another popular combo is barbecue sauce, shrimp and pineapple—fruity, savory and spicy all at the same time. France Growing in popularity around the world, fried egg as a pizza topping is already common in France. In a version available at pizzerias throughout the country, the egg, which is usually cooked sunny-side up, is either baked right on top of the pie or fried in a pan, then placed on top. India Pickled ginger, minced mutton (sheep), paneer (an Indian cheese similar to cottage cheese) and tofu are popular pizza toppings in India. Another favorite is a spicy chicken known as “tikka," which is cooked and chopped after being marinated in a fiery yogurt sauce. Russia Pizza topped with sardines, tuna, mackerel, onions and salmon is known as “mockba” in Russia. The fishy pie is typically served cold and packs a whole lot of flavor. France Tarte flambée is also popular French pizza, originating in the Bas-Rhin region of Alsace in northeastern France. The delicacy includes a thin layer of dough—similar to a crêpe—topped with crème fraîche, sliced onions and bacon. Sweden The Swedish eat their thin-crust pies with a fork and knife. And while they enjoy all sorts of toppings, the “pizza Africana” combination is by far the most interesting. It includes peanuts, bananas, chicken, pineapple and curry powder—lots of curry powder. Germany In Germany, one of the most popular pizza toppings is canned tuna. It is often mixed with all sorts of other toppings, or left on its own for “tuna pizza.” Japan Another unique pie from Japan is the “mayo jaga,” which is topped with mayonnaise, potatoes, bacon, corn, pimiento and onion—and is available at Domino’s Japan. History of Pizza in America Cheese Pepperoni Meat Lovers Veggie Lovers Supreme Hawaiian New York Style Chicago Style White Cheese Sicilian Can't go wrong with simple cheese! For Papa Johns, they use an authentic six-cheese blend of mozzarella, Parmesan, Romano, Asiago, provolone and Fontina cheese for their cheese pizza. That's all thats too cheese pizza. Dough, tomato sauce and whatever type of cheese you want. Pepperoni pizza is the most common pizza order placed with about 36% of all pizza orders being pepperoni! Take an original cheese, add pepperonis to the top and viola, you have America's favorite pizza. Aloha!! This fun, beach themed pizza is named after our most tropical state in the Union. However, Hawaiian pizza did not start in Hawaii but in Canada. Hawaiian pizzas consist of the typical cheese and tomato sauce but has ham and pineapple as toppings. It is very popular in Australia with 15% of all pizza sales being a Hawaiian pizza. Hold the tomato. Now we have seen tomatoes as a commonality with all of the pizzas so far. But with a white cheese pizza, olive oil (or whatever oil base) is used instead of the typical tomato sauce as a filling. You may have noticed a very important aspect of the Sicilian pizza that is different from all of the others, this pizza is not a circle, but is rectangular. A Sicilian pizza is a rectangular thick crusted pizza that can be made with whatever topics you want on it. Supreme pizzas are almost like an everything pizza. Little Caesars uses pepperoni, Italian sausage, green peppers, mushrooms, and onions on theirs which is usually standard for a Supreme but you can add on whatever other toppings you would like to. A veggie pizza is like a supreme pizza but without the meat. Pizza Hut uses five veggies on theirs, including fresh tomatoes, mushrooms, red onions, green peppers, and black olives. This is the exact opposite of a veggie lovers, this is nothing but meat! Pizza Hut has their pizza listed as loaded with pepperoni, ham, beef, bacon and sausage, not a veggie to be seen. New York Style pizza started in New York City in the early 1900s. It is know for its large, wide, thin and foldable shape. It is commonly sold by the slice but can also be bought as a whole pizza. The Chicago-style 'deep-dish' pizza was invented at Pizzeria Uno, in Chicago, in 1943,reportedly by Uno's founder Ike Sewell. Chicago-style pizza has a crust up to three inches tall at the edge, slightly higher than the ingredients, which include large amounts of cheese and chunky tomato sauce. Sources -http://www.yourguidetopizza.com/TheWorldofPizza/PizzasAroundtheWorld.aspx

EVERYONE! -Every country in the world has pizza eaters, except a few places in Africa.
-Even though we all consume pizza, there are many different ways to eat pizza. For example you can:
-Fold it in half
-Use a fork and knife
-Pick it apart topping by topping
-Crust first
-Pick it up and dig in

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