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Problem Solving

The twelve-step design process

Jason Neukirchen

on 17 October 2016

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Transcript of Problem Solving

Problem Solving Design Process
The Problem Solving Process involves 6 steps that help us systematically address, then solve a problem.
This process is not done alone. A group approach done in an
organized manner will almost always yield better results
2. Brainstorm
7. Develop a Design Proposal
1. Identify the Problem
3. Research and Generate Ideas
4. Identify Criteria and Specify Constraints
5. Explore Possibilities
6. Select an Approach
8. Make a Model or Prototype
9. Test and Evaluate the Design
10. Refine the Design
11. Produce the Final Product
12. Communicate the
Processes and Results
Receive a problem to solve from the client.
Gather information.
Be inspired through media exposure of a current problem and take action.
Present ideas in an open forum.
Generate and record ideas.
Keep the mind alert through rapidly paced sessions.
Develop preliminary ideas.
Conduct interviews with those affected by the problem.
Research solutions that may already exist; identify shortcomings and reasons why they aren’t appropriate to a given situation.
Compile ideas and report findings to the team
Identify what the solution should do and the degree to which the solution will be pursued.
Identify constraints (i.e., budget and time are typical considerations).
Draft the Design Brief.
Consider further development of brainstorming ideas with constraints and tradeoffs.
Explore alternative ideas based on further knowledge and technologies.
Review brainstormed information and answer any
lingering questions.
Narrow ideas down through a voting process, or by
use of a decision matrix.
Decide on final idea, usually through group consensus.
Explore the idea in greater detail with annotated sketches.
Make critical decisions such as material types and manufacturing methods.
Generate through computer models detailed sketches to further refine the idea.
Produce working drawings so the idea can be built.
Make models to help communicate the idea, and study aspects such as shape, form, fit, or texture.
Construct a prototype from the working drawings, so the solution can be tested.
Design experiments and test the prototype in controlled and working environments.
Gather performance data; analyze and check results against established criteria.
Conduct a formal critique to flesh out areas of concerns, identify shortcomings, and establish any need for redesign work.
Make design changes; modify or rebuild the prototype.
Make refinements until accuracy and repeatability of the prototype’s performance results are consistent.
Update documentation to reflect changes.
Receive user’s critique to provide outside perspective to help determine if established criteria have been met.
Determine custom/mass production.
Consider packaging.
Communicate the designer’s final solution through media such as PowerPoint, poster session, technical report.
Market the Product.
The word “design” is often used as a generic term that refers to anything that was made by a conscious human effort.
3-D Printer Spool Holder
Electrical Cord Organizer
Full transcript