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Transcript of HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Nature vs. Nurture:
Is your IQ inherited
or determined by nutrition and early environment?
Is there a ‘addict’ gene or do poor choices lead to addiction? Is sexual orientation a choice or genetically
Two views of
Human Development. Stage theory states there are distinct phases to intellectual and personality development;
while Continuity states
Are there Critical Periods in one’s life when an individual is particularly sensitive to certain environmental experiences?
Prenatal Development: Conception; Zygote; Germinal period; Embryonic period; and Fetal period.
What does an
infant feel and perceive? Infants have limited ability
to communicate, so it is hard to tell
is not just a blur or a buzz. In the first week they will recognize their mother’s smell, show preference for novel stimuli, and gaze at face-like patterns rather than similar non face-like patterns.
is concerned with psychological change over the life span. Issues are very broad: heredity vs. environment; stages vs. continuous change; are there critical periods; prenatal influences; and how much ability are we born with?
are frameworks that develop to help organize knowledge.
Piaget’s primary method was to ask children to solve problems and to question them about the reasoning behind their solutions.
that children think in radically different ways than adults.
proposed that development occurs as a series of ‘stages’ differing in how the world is understood.
Vygotsky emphasized the child’s interaction with the social world (other people) was a part of development.
Vygotsky believed language to be the foundation for social interaction and thought.
Individuals develop socially. How do social relationships develop? What factors drive social development: biological; cultural; or cognitive?
Ecology Theory: Development is a network of interactions and interdependencies among people, institutions, and
is the lifelong emotional bond that exists between the infants and their primary caregiver, formed during the
first six months
of the Family Life Cycle.
1 Between families: the unattached young adult.
2 Joining together: the newly married couple.
3 Family with young children.
4 Family with adolescent children.
5 Launching children into the adult world.
6 The Family in later life.
Lawrence Kolberg theorized that a person's moral reasoning has six stages spread across three levels. Each stage and level is superior the previous stage with regards to making decisions.
Do you Believe