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Prohibition and Billy Sunday

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Madison Mortensen

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of Prohibition and Billy Sunday

Billy Sunday, converted to evangelical Christianity in the 1880s. Billy Sunday left baseball for the Christian ministry. He gradually developed his skills as a pulpit evangelist in the Midwest and then, during the early 20th century, he became the nation's most famous evangelist. Sunday held widely reported campaigns in America's largest cities, and he attracted the largest crowds of any evangelist before the advent of electronic sound systems. He also made a great deal of money and was welcomed into the homes of the wealthy and influential. Sunday was a strong supporter of Prohibition, and his preaching most likey played a significant role in the adoption of the Eighteenth Amendment in 1919. On December 5, 1933, the 21st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The 21st Amendment repealed the 18th Amendment, making alcohol once again legal. This was the first and only time in U.S. history that an Amendment has been repealed. After Prohibition was repealed, it decreased crime rates, crime organizations and it also created jobs. To conclude, Prohibition caused chaos that was never intended. It was supposed to clean up prisons, save social statuses, and cut taxes. Instead it did the exact opposite. When Prohibition was first passed, the consumption of alcohol had decreased but as the years went on, the consumption began increasing as well as the crime rates. The reason why crime rate was gradually increasing was because Americans have been bootlegging (smuggling alcohol on land) and rum-running (smuggling alcohol over seas).The "drys" were those people who supported Prohibition, and the "wets" were the people who were against Prohibition. Speakeasies were 'secret places' to have a drink. They were small in size and in hidden locations. Billy Sundays Involvement in Prohibition Billy Sunday's Family Billy Sunday's Career The Ending of Prohibition The 'Wets' and the 'Drys' Prohibition in the 1920s Prohibition and Billy Sunday By Alana Banico, Rhozhen Panahi, Madison Mortensen, Maya Daniels and Shivani Khamamkar Prohibition (of alcohol) is the act of prohibiting the sale, manufacture and consumption of alcohol. The amendment was in effect from 1920 to 1933. The reason why this law was passed is because Americans needed a way to control the alcohol abuse that was abundant throughout the country. It was also passed to strengthen family bonds and eliminate public drunkenness. Prohibition in the United States was passed in the state of Maine, and the idea soon spread throughout the whole country on January 16, 1920. While it was the 18th Amendment that established Prohibition, it was the Volstead Act that clarified the law. The Volstead Act stated that "beer, wine, or other intoxicating malt or vinous liquors" meant any beverage that was more than 0.5% alcohol by volume. In attempt to eliminate alcohol, prohibitionists created taxes and laws and regulations. Billy Sunday preaching about alcohol The Early Life of
Billy Sunday William Ashley "Billy" Sunday was an American athlete who, after being a popular outfielder in baseball's National League during the 1880s, became the most celebrated and influential American evangelist during the first two decades of the 20th century. He was born on November 19, 1862, in Ames, Iowa, and he was the youngest of three boys. Sadly, Billy never knew his father, William Sunday, because he died of pneumonia only one month after Billy was born. His mother, Mary Jane Corey, struggled to support herself and her three sons after he passed away. They barely survived on government pension. Six years later, his mother got remarried to a man named Heizer. Together, they had two more children. However, soon after that, he "disappeared", forcing Mary and her five children to move in with the Coreys (his mother's side of the family). Billy had a very difficult childhood. In 1874, he and his brother, Edward, were both sent to the Soldiers' Orphans home at Glenwood, Iowa. There, he learned about cleanliness, neatness, and hard work. While at the orphanage, he finished the equivalent of grade school, but he was never a very good student. He had both educational and religious training, but neither were very impressive. He had very little interest in school and religion. Instead, he preferred sports, running, and "fighting ability". Billy left the orphanage in 1876. He lived in Nevada, Iowa, and he worked for Colonel John Scott, doing different chores. Sunday, went to high school there and worked as the school janitor. This was after Scott, and his wife took him into their home and let him live with them. Later, Sunday moved to Marshalltown, where he worked in a furniture store as an undertaker's assistant. In Marshalltown, Billy's athleticism for running and base ball was discovered. He played in a major league, earning sixty dollars a month. His baseball career lasted from the years 1883 to 1991. During his career, he set two major league records, and he played for various teams in the states of Pittsburgh, Chicago, and Philadelphia. The amount of alcohol consumption from 1910 to 1929 When Sunday was in Chicago for baseball, he met a girl named Helen A. "Nell" Thompson. She worked in the "Christian Endeavor Society", and she convinced Billy to go to the Jefferson Park Presbyterian Church. Sunday wanted to marry Nell, but her father did not want her marrying a man who plays baseball, and who works as a fireman in the winter. They finally got his permission on September 5, 1888. They had four children Helen Edith (1890), George Marquis (1892), William Ashley, Jr. (1901) and Paul Thompson (1907). Later in their children's lives, George was arrested for drunkenness and auto theft before he committed suicide in 1932. Billy, Jr. died in an automobile accident in 1938; and Paul, a test pilot, died in an airplane crash in 1944. Furthermore, their oldest child, Helen Haines, though happily married, developed a degenerative disease and died of pneumonia in 1932. Billy Sunday died on November 6, 1935, Chicago, Illinois Works Cited Page Gangs during Prohibition As the number of crimes increase, the crimes were becoming more organized. Gangs produced, shipped and distributed alcohol. John Torrio is a famous gang leader who brought Al Capone into his organization. Capone rose rapidly through the ranks of the organization. When Torrio got wounded in a mob attack in 1924, Capone quickly took his place. During his term as mobster leader he became the most powerful mobster in the United States.
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