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Constructivism for KPD course

Jarrett Yap

on 28 September 2013

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Transcript of Constructivism

What is constructivism?
- A theory
- People construct their own understanding and knowledge of
the world, through experiences and reflecting those
- Transforms the student from a passive recipient of information
to an active participant in the learning process.

Two main camps in the constructivist education theory:

1. Cognitive constructivism
• Focus on how meaning and learning took place during children’s play
(Jean Piaget, 1953)

2. Social constructivism
• Language and therefore learning, is social and processed within a larger
framework that incorporates many aspects of society (Lev Vygotsky, 1968).

How constructivist view of learning work in classroom?
- Encourages students to use active techniques to create more
knowledge and then to reflect on what they are doing.
- Teacher makes sure she understands the students’
preexisting conceptions, and guides the activity.
- Taps into and triggers the student’s innate curiosity.
- Not “reinventing the wheel” but, rather, attempt to
understand how it turns, how it functions.

Critical Perspectives
- It’s elitist (E.D. Hirsch).
- Produces “tyranny of the majority” (Thirteen.org, n.d.).

Benefits of Constructivism in Learning
Students learn and enjoy learning more
Concentrates on thinking and understanding
Transferable and applicable
Gives students ownership of what they learn
Stimulates and engages students
Promotes social and communication skills
How does this theory differ from traditional ideas about teaching and learning?

- the focus tends to shift from the teacher to the students.
- the students are encourage to be actively involved in their own
process of learning


- functions more as a facilitator
- asking good questions

What does constructivism have to do with my classroom?
1. Constructivist teachers pose questions and problems,
then guide students to help them find their own
These may be done through:
-multiple intelligence
-collaborative learning

2. From the perspective of constructivism, learning in classroom is:

History and Evolution
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