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Snake Venom

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sydney beatty

on 26 February 2013

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Transcript of Snake Venom

Snake venom by:Sydney Beatty Venom Other uses? Addiction? Effects Side-Effects Symptoms of Myotoxin Symptoms of Hemotoxin Symptoms of Neurotoxin Chemical Formula Names Symptoms of cytotoxin Classification All about snakes there are four venom classifications we currently use.
Hemotoxin- Carter-shaped pock marks at the bite site due to the death of the tissue near by.
Neurotoxin- Attack nervous system. Can impair the senses & causes problems breathing and/or heart to fail. Death in victims is mainly from them suffocating.
Myotoxin- Myotoxic venom contains peptides that destroy the protein in the muscle fibers, that have a high oxidative capacity, resulting in myocrosis (muscle destruction).
Cytotoxin- attacks the circulatory system by preventing blood from clotting, destroying the tissue, vessels, and cells. This venom destroys blood vessels, cells and tissue.
The symptoms develop slowly, 10 – 15 minutes after the bite.
The bite is very localized and painful, with severe swelling, bleeding, redness and blistering often occurring.
Nausea and vomiting may also occur. Every snake has a different Chemical compound that makes up its Venom.
There are 25 different enzymes, along with many proteins, peptides, carbohydrates, and metals that make up each snakes venom. A guy named Steve Ludwin who has been injecting himself with snake venom for 21 some years. he was born in 1966 making him 46 turning 47 this year, but scientist have examined in DNA structure and anomaly and it shows that he is in his mid 20's to early 30's. there are others who have been known for taking snake venom but only for a short period of time. If you take snake venom correctly you feel almost invincible to the point where you no longer feel pain or even register that you have caused harm to yourself. You have an increase of strength and speed, you have an increase of endurance and stamina. Because snake venom can stay in your body from 8- 20 hours this feeling of euphoria can last for a long time, but the side effects can come with a price. Because you have an increase of heart rate you can have a heart attack during taking the venom, the safest venom to take is the Neurotoxin because cytotoxin attack tissue you would end up with dead tissue hols in you skin all the way to the bone. "When you first inject the Venom you feel as if a sledge hammer has crushed you pinky finger" (ludwin), and you feel a burning sensation and experiance swelling for the length on time the venom is in your body. Many people think when they see a snake that its "poisonous" that's not the case though. when you refer to a snake that may be poisonous you say it has venom our call it a " venomous snake".
venom comes from a Latin word " Venenum" meaning a poison, drug or potion.
Snakes who are Venomous don't have a street name. they are simply called "Venomous" or "Poisonous". When you get bit by a snake with this toxin often there is no pain or symptoms that occur for 1 -3 hours and as long as 8 hours, casualty feels lethargic with headaches.
You experience nausea and vomiting may occur. Constant bleeding from the bite wound, bruising as well as blood spots may occur under the skin. Blood may ooze from other bodily openings. the casualty has speech and swallowing difficulties often accompanied by drooling. Difficulty breathing and also respiratory arrest. May cause dizziness, tunnel vision or blurred vision, visible increase in sweating. convulsions will start in the latter stages if not treated, then unconsciousness. When you get bit by a snake with the venom of Myotoxin you start to feel a sensation of the tongue thickening. Dryness of the throat with a sense of thirst occurs and stiffness of the jaw, neck, trunk and limbs muscles.
Since the toxin targets the muscles system you experience severe pain when moving muscles. Muscular spasms and convulsions and eyelids may start drooping. Difficulty breathing occurs later and then urine turns to a blackish-brown color after a few hours. Treatment Work Cited http://www.articledashboard.com/Article/Types-of-snake-venom-symptoms-and-treatment/511061 (2/23/13)
"Venom"-book (2/21/13)
"Snake V.3" (2/21/13)
http://calorielab.com/news/2011/02/10/snake-venom-addicts/ (2/23/13)
http://www.wisegeek.org/how-does-snake-venom-affect-the-human-body.htm (2/24/13) To treat a bite from a snake you need to make sure the victim remains calm. Many people think that you should cut open the wound but that will only make it worst and cause infections. Another theory is to suck the venom out and yes this works but could cause harm if you have a sore or cut in your mouth a suction needle would be much better but will only work for the first 3 minutes, after this it is useless.
Wrap the site in a bandage from the bottom of the arm, leg etc. to the bite.
keep pressure on the bite, and keep the site elevated until the victim can be brought to a hospital.
With certain toxins like Neurotoxin and myotoxin a tourniquet may be used due to the severity of the toxin Anti- Venom Anti- venom can be used for many different reasons but mostly we use it as a way to prevent other toxins from causing harm to our body.
Snake venom is made up of the anti-bodies of horse,sheep,rabbit,goat, and dog blood.
Horse anti-bodies are less used because they cause kidney failure and even death. The U.S use the sheep serum now instead of horse serum.
(more details on poster)
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