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Transcript of Marijuana
Motor Vehicle Crashes
So this means Marijuana
is safer than Peanuts?
Assuming that Marijuana is similar to alcohol and cigarettes due to their similarities in some aspects, because of this Marijuana is perceived to be similar or even more harmful in some other aspects.(False Analogy)
Marijuana also known as cannabis is categorized as a psychotic drug. The main active ingredient in marijuana is THC (delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol). There are over 200 slang terms for marijuana and it is the most popular drug in the United States.
The expulsion of an American judo player, Nicholas Delpopolo, from the London 2012 Olympic Games after he tested positive for THC(Cannabis/Marijuana) prompted scientists to question the sense behind the drug's inclusion on the World Anti Doping Agency's (WADA) banned list.
War on drugs is failing and is creating a high government revenue. The U.S. government spent over $15 billion dollars in 2010 on the War on Drugs.
Acceptance and popularity of the drug is higher than ever, it has become “mainstream”.
Research in marijuana has proved it to have many different useful medical uses.
Are all claims 'true' and 'justified'?
Earliest reference to medical marijuana in chinese Pharmocopeia
Jesus allegedly uses Anointing oil made with cannabis
Rastafarian Movement begins
Reefer Madness, a very hysterical movie on ill effects of cannabis
Marijuana Tax act. Possession of marijuana was made illegal which was promoted by Harry Anslinger
Nixon declares war on drugs
First medical marijuana initiative passed in San Francisco
Why is Marijuana illegal?
Perceived as 'addictive'
It has very little 'accepted medical use'
Historically linked with narcotics, like heroin
It is associated with unfashionable lifestyle
It was once associated with oppressed ethnic groups
Less advocates for marijuana legalization and thus the existing advocates rarely present an appealing case.
Criminal activity revolving around marijuana will decrease because there is no need for illegal trade when everything can be done legally. It will also reduce the police corruption in illicit trade.
Legalizing marijuana would only benefit people who sell the stuff and those who only care about getting high. Legalizing marijuana sends the wrong message to our children and puts them in harm’s way. For the rest of us, keeping pot illegal is the better option. Marijuana prohibition is not a burden on society; it’s a benefit.
The tax story is equally misleading. Taxes on alcohol come nowhere near paying for what it costs society. These include criminal-justice and health care costs, and the most expensive of all, lost work productivity and absenteeism. Marijuana would be the same: a net drain on society.
Legalizing marijuana will increase revenue from taxes for the government and also their expenditure will decrease as less money is spend on law enforcement now
The qualifications required for a drug to reach such an esteemed distinction are threefold:
1) High potential for abuse
2) No currently accepted medical use
3) Lack of accepted safety for use
A unbiased decision may not be achieved as the authorities keep are oppressing their counter-parts. The conclusion is not strong to invalidate the entire banning process but the pro-legalization/criminalization group has gained enough empirical evidence to compete with the anti-legalization group but it is not given an equal chance and a stand to speak out their views and are suppressed by authority along with society which favors the traditional way, this is being biased.
So does bias affect the claims which are made?
The overwhelming evidence which has made marijuana a hotly debated topic after almost 6 decades it was made illegal has created a long list of illogical fallacies and a wide variety of common biases to occur which make it difficult to interpret and apply even the most reliably gathered information and evidence.
Under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, marijuana is classified as a Schedule I drug on the basis that is has "a high potential for abuse."
The majority of pot smokers do not develop a marijuana addiction, but some smokers do develop all the symptoms of an actual addiction after chronic marijuana use which is known as Classic Addictive Behavior
When marijuana was first made illegal, it’s scientific properties were unknown and it was banned under the assumption that it has ‘no accepted medical use’. The visible physical and psychological effects were known but much was less known of it’s medical uses.
Marijuana seems to yield considerable medical benefits for many Americans with ailments ranging from glaucoma to cancer, but these benefits have not been accepted well enough, on a national and worldwide level. Medical use of marijuana remains a serious international controversy.
Medical Uses of Cannabis
Loss of attentiveness
Anxiety and Paranoia
Lung and Breathing problems
Risks of Depression
Risks of Mental Disorder
Short term memory loss
There are normal recreational drugs and abnormal recreational drugs and marijuana falls under “gateway drugs”. The gateway drug theory is the theory that the use of less deleterious drugs may lead to a future risk of using more dangerous hard drugs and/or crime. This is highly debatable and and has been proved to be unreliable.
Some studies have shown that marijuana does lead to the other hard drugs. Studies in favor of the gateway theory:
-Study of Australian adolescents
-Study of Rats
Marijuana was thought of as an agent of communism, people smoking marijuana would have socialistic, Marxist and communist ideas.
In the 60’s the biggest American cultural shift took place, Hippie culture and people in Vietnam fighting the war being exposed to marijuana
'Weeds' TV show
“There are 100,000 total marijuana smokers in the US, and most are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz and swing, result from marijuana usage. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers and any others.”- Harry Anslinger, first Drug Czar.
People are afraid of stereotyping and labeling and don't wish to go against it's taboo nature. Marijuana's social nonacceptance makes it harder for advocates to present a appealing plea
There are less people because of the fact that may have understood that the costs are more than the benefits plus it’s taboo nature won’t help their argument.
Confirmation bias (also called confirmatory bias or my side bias) is a tendency of people to favor information that confirms their beliefs or hypotheses. Debaters against marijuana decriminalization and legalization only look for evidence that supports their plea and not to the other side of the coin.
Sunk Cost Bias
This Bias talks about people who are not ready to accept change or any other viewpoint because the have spent so much time in believing that marijuana is bad and smoking it is a taboo, they cannot relate it to be useful in any way. Another reason is that Inertia is a powerful force in public policy.
Media bias is the bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media in the selection of events and stories that are reported and how they are covered. The term "media bias" implies a pervasive or widespread bias contravening the standards of journalism, rather than the perspective of an individual journalist or article. The direction and degree of media bias in various countries is widely disputed.
An emotional bias is a distortion in cognition and decision making due to emotional factors. That is, a person will be usually inclined to believe something that has a positive emotional effect, that gives a pleasant feeling, even if there is evidence to the contrary to be reluctant to accept hard facts that are unpleasant and gives mental suffering. Those factors can be either individual and self-centered, or linked to interpersonal relationship or to group influence.
Marijuana has many recognized medical uses. This has been proved by different studies and experiments. Medical Marijuana should be legalized.
You're saying that because you smoke marijuana. You are a 'stoner'. Why should we listen to you
Whenever advocates of marijuana legalization openly try to debate on the issue, they are usually attacked on character by being labeled or stereotyping by the other person and second, this attack is taken to be evidence against the claim or argument the person in question is making (or presenting) by destroying his entire argument
You're supporting marijuana because you like Bob Marley and even he supported legalization of Marijuana. You're argument shouldn't be considered.
All Drugs are bad
Marijuana is 'classified' as a drug
So Marijuana is bad
Emotion - Appeal to Pity
Being biased saves time in decision making as one does not have to evaluate all the evidence.
Government and Media have a higher sense of censorship and protecting human rights.
Fallacies are a good example for pro-marijuana advocates who fail to present a good plea.
Is the ban of marijuana of WADA ludicrous for athletes who come from different nations with varying drug policies?
Jamaica is a stereotype country for marijuana consumption (media) but it’s not actually legal over there due to pressure form America (Politics).
When we say marijuana is less harmful than alcohol and tobacco then it should be legal but are these two good examples of legalization?
Any claim made without evidence to support is questionable but claims which are made through false evidence and illogical manner causes a much greater separation of perspectives. This happens because all the sides are emotionally charged and biased and also being heavily influenced by politics and media (Authority).
Stoned scientists | Cannabis Culture
Scientists question ban on cannabis
Olympics: American judo fighter Nick Delpopolo expelled for 'inadvertent consumption' of marijuana - San Jose Mercury News
[ToK Presentation] Is this a good TOK Presentation title? / How do I pick my Presentation title?! - Theory of Knowledge - IB Survival
Michael Phelps an iconic olympic swimmer was not stripped of his medal after his photo of him smoking went to viral on the internet. He was only banned for 3 months after pressure from social groups.