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What is Autism?

Autism
by

Angela McCarver

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of What is Autism?


A

U

T

I
S
M



By:

Angela

McCarver

Causes of Autism involve:

Diet

Digestive tract changes

Mercury poisoning

The body's inability to properly
use vitamins and minerals

Vaccine sensitivity
Symptoms
May vary with the child and the stage of Autism


Typical Symptoms

Pretend play
Difficulties with Social interactions
Verbal and nonverbal communication
Cannot start or maintain a social conversation
Communicates with gestures instead of words
Develops language slowly or not at all
Does not adjust gaze to look at objects that others are looking at
Does not refer to self correctly (for example, says "you want water" when the child means "I want water")
Does not point to direct others' attention to objects (occurs in the first 14 months of life)
Repeats words or memorized passages, such as commercials
Regressive Symptoms
Diagnosis
There are
two stages
of Autism:




The first stage is screening, an easy-to-use, general method that identifies the developing ASD.


The second stage is diagnostics, an in-depth examination that requires the assessment of cognition, linguistics, and motor skills by a qualified medical team to accurately diagnose the developmental disorder and the degree of the disorder.





Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a disorder that appears in children 18 months to 3 years old and affects the brain's normal social and communication skills.

What is Autism?
Co-occurring Symptoms in Autism
Signs and Tests
If a child fails to meet any of the following language milestones:

Babbling by 12 months

Gesturing (pointing, waving bye-bye) by 12 months

Saying single words by 16 months

Saying two-word spontaneous phrases by 24 months
(not just echoing)

Losing any language or social skills at any age
When children with autism seem normal until ages 1 or 2 and they begin to show regression with social skills and language they had previously gained
Be overly sensitive in sight, hearing, touch, smell, or taste (for example, they may refuse to wear "itchy" clothes and become distressed if they are forced to wear the clothes)
Perform repeated body movements

Communication problems may include:
Autism includes a
broad amount of symptoms
. Thats why a brief evaluation
cannot
predict a child's true abilities. A team of different specialists will evaluate the child.

Some things they'll evaluate is:

Communication
Language
Motor skills
Speech
Success at school
Thinking abilities
Treatment
get your child put into intensive treatment programs that will help improve the child's specific needs
Therapies:
Applied behavior analysis
(
ABA
)
Medications
Occupational therapy
Physical therapy
Speech-language therap
Questions:

1. What is Autism?

2. What are some general symptoms you
have with Autism?

3. How is Autism caused?

4. What are two signs of Autism?

5. Between what ages does Autism usually appear in children?

A. 18 months- 3 years B. 3 years - 7 years

A
S
P
E
R
G
E
R
S
What is it?
An abnormality in the brain.

Asperger syndrome is considered a high functioning form of autism. It can lead to problems with social interaction, repetitive behaviors, and clumsiness.

Symptoms may be noticeable 18months to 3 years old, by this age problem should be obvious.
H
i
s
t
o
r
y
In 1944, Asperger's Syndrome was first described by Hans Asperger. He labeled this disorder " autistic psychopathy".
What is it caused by?
Exact cause unknown
Children with Asperger Syndrome don't have speech , or cognitive problems

Have the ability to take care of themselves

No curiosity or confusion about their environment
Differences Between Autism and Aspergers
Symptoms
become obsessive about a particular object or topic

repetitive routines and rituals


strange way of talking

socially and emotionally inappropriate behavior

not able to interact successfully with peers
Diagnosis
Most doctors will look for specific traits in their patient such as:
Abnormal eye contact

Aloofness

Failure to turn when
called by name

Failure to use gestures to point or show

Lack of interactive play

Lack of interest in peers
Treatment

Medication
-selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
-antipsychotics, and stimulants may be used to treat problems
such as anxiety, depression, problems with paying attention,
and aggression

Programs
-Cognitive behavior/ therapy
helps children manage their emotions, repetitive behaviors,
and obsessions
-Parent training, to teach techniques that can be used at home
-Physical or occupational therapy, to help with motor skills
and sensory problems
-Social skills training, often taught in a group
-Speech and language therapy, to help with the skill
of everyday conversation
Questions:
1. What is Asperger's disorder?

2. What is a difference bettween Autism Disorder and Asperger's?

3. Who first described Asperger's disorder?

4. What is a symptom you have with Asperger's?

5. What is the cause of Asperger's?

A.The Cause is unknown B. Alien's infected
children with a secret fluid
millions of years ago



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