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Purpose and Perspective

8th grade ELA, Unit 1
by

Amy Edmonds-Frost M.S.

on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of Purpose and Perspective

Purpose
&
Perspective
are two different concepts
that serve two
different jobs in writing.
Let's look at Perspective
Author's purpose is the reason or reasons an author has for writing a selection.
Let's look at Purpose:
Remembering is as
easy as P. I. E. S.!!!
Purpose
and
Perspective

What's the author telling us?
Purpose:
P:
I:
E:
S:
Persuade
Inform
Entertain
Share
: convince
: educate
: enjoyment
: an experience
YUM!
Evaluating Purpose- Questions to ask yourself:
Why did the author write this?
Who is his/her audience?
Are thoughts and feelings used?
Does the author specifically state his or her intentions?
Reflecting face....
....or just a vase?
Young girl....
....or old lady?
Examples
of P. I. E. S.

Writing to
Persuade
:
Advertisements
Campaign Speeches
Persuasive Letters or Notes
Writing to
Inform
:
Expository Essays or Articles
Instructions or Directions
Encyclopedias or Other Reference Texts
Writing to
Entertain
:
Stories
Poems
Dramas
Songs
Writing to
Share
:
Novels
Autobiographies
Memoirs
Narratives

Perspective
: how an author feels about the topic he or she is writing about. This can be influenced by their culture/traditions, beliefs, and/or experiences.
Perspective
can be thought of as:
Tone
Position
Point-of-view
Now let's
practice
with reading
Evaluating Perspective- Questions to ask yourself:
Does the author state opinions?
Does the author's background have any impact on the info?
Are facts and evidence used?
How is the author portraying the topic?
Examples of
Perspective:
Positive
Negative
Neutral
The author uses words/language that convey warm, happy, supportive, feelings toward the topic.
Example
: Many studies suggest
that eating dark chocolate is good for your health.
The author uses words/language that convey displeasure, anger, contempt, or a disconnection from the topic.
Example
: Some doctors say eating chocolate leads to acne, weight gain and tooth decay.
The author uses words/language that is unbiased, lacks feeling, and can be viewed as impartial.
Example
: There is no definitive research to answer what kind of impact chocolate has on one's body.
1. An article where the author argues that an iPhone is better than an Android phone.
2. A section in a history book describing the conditions and causes of the Great Depression in the Midwest in the 1930s .
3. A fairytale trilogy with trolls, goblins, dragons and knights in shining armor.

State the Topic AND Author's Perspective:
State the Author's Purpose
1. The average school day for kindergarteners is getting longer, and it's paying off in improved reading skills. Public schoolchildren who attended kindergarten for a full day showed more improvement than those enrolled in half-day programs.
2. The deer population has grown tremendously in recent years. Each year at hunting season, hunters are able to help control the deer population and prevent many deer from starving.
Persuade
Inform
Entertain
Topic:
Length of day for
kindergarteners.
Perspective: Full days are better.
Topic: Deer hunting.
Perspective: Hunting is ok.
When you see this symbol:
you will write the information down in your notes.
*Share is flexible and can overlap. P. I.E. are the most basic purposes.
We all see things differently...
Interpret things differently...
Let's look at word choices
What's the author's
tone/attitude?

DENOTATIVE:
CONNOTATIVE:
Language is literal (from the dictionary), concrete, without any room for interpretation.
Example of DENOTATIVE text:
The athlete suffered a debilitating injury. Unable to play pro-ball anymore, he became inactive and heavy set.
debilitating
inactive
heavy set
Word choices:
NEUTRAL-
Tone: objective, no opinion.
A positive or negative feeling that a word creates in addition to its literal meaning .
Example of CONNOTATIVE text:
The athlete suffered a paralyzing injury. Unable to play pro-ball anymore, he became powerless and gained weight.
paralyzing:
powerless:
gained weight:
Word choices:
Example of CONNOTATIVE text:
The athlete suffered a weakening injury. Unable to play pro-ball anymore, he became lazy and obese.
weakening:
lazy:
obese:
Word choices:
NEGATIVE -
Tone:
ornery, sour, harsh
POSITIVE-
Tone:
sympathetic,
concerned
"It's not what you say,
it's HOW you say it!"
Let's look at these different perspectives on the same topic
Warning:
While watching videos -
remain quite
refrain from comments
respond only when asked and only if appropriate
don't ruin this for others!
What's the purpose and perspective?
Try this one...
Try to get the whole picture before making a judgement
What seems to be one thing, just might be another.
Purpose and Perspective.
Full transcript