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Characteristics of a Civilization: WH1.2
Transcript of Characteristics of a Civilization: WH1.2
What is a...
Objective: Identify the key components that make up a civilization and the key differences between civilizations and other forms of social organization.
Used to keep records and for creative expression through literature
As communities settled in one place, cities developed as places to do business.
They also provided a sense of community and belonging.
The earliest governments were typically monarchies (ruled by a king or queen)
organized armies to protect the subjects
created laws to organize their lives
Explained the working of nature and the existence of things
A class of priests developed to perform rituals for pleasing deities
Many rulers claimed their power came from the divine (some even claimed TO BE divine)
Arts such as painting and sculpture were developed to portray natural forces or gods and goddesses on temples and shrines.
Social structures developed based on economic status.
Rulers, priests, officials, and warriors were the upper classes.
Below them was a class of free farmers, traders, artisans, and craftspeople.
Below them were slaves and servants
Specialization of Labor
Once a few people could grow enough food for several, others could do other jobs.