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Mormons and Goldrush

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Montana Moyer

on 8 March 2011

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Transcript of Mormons and Goldrush

Americas Rush West California Gold Rush and Sutter's Mill Americans were racing to California for their gold 1848: John Sutter had a sawmill built on the American River north of Sacramento, California Thousands of Americans caught “gold fever” when more than 80,000 people made the long journey to California in 1849 Gold Fields At first gold was easy to find Panning for gold was common Panning is when you take the soil and run it through a stream which lets you get the gold out fo the soil Many miners went broke trying to find gold, only few struck it rich Woman and children also helped in the gold rush by running board houses, took in the laundry, sewed for miners etc A New State San Francisco went from a sleepy town to a bustling city almost overnight Many people stole and killed for money Vigilantes-were self-appointed law enforcement People were usually Lynched for their crimes Lynched- Hanged without a formal trial California needed a strong government California joined the Union in 1849 as a free state By Lidia Vogel, Montana Moyer, Gabby Aldinger, Alex Bowen, and Steve cho A Diverse Population The California Gold Rush brought diverse groups of people to the West who. Most of the people were white Americans. California mining camps consisted mostly of runaways slaves from the South, Native Americans, and New Englanders but also included people from Hawaii, China, Peru, Chile, France, Germany, Italy, Ireland, and Australia. Mexican Americans and Indians Before the California Gold Rush, there were many Mexicans. The culture was preserved because of people like Jose Carrillo. Because of this, the first constitution was written in both English and Spanish. In the 1850s-1860s, the Mexicans lost land that their families owned for many generations. Large numbers of people either died of starvation, diseases, or were murdered. In 1850, there were 100,000 Indians and in the 1870s, there were only 17,000 Indians. Chinese Americans Thousands of Chinese sailed across the Pacific Ocean to California, but white miners drove the Chinese off when they staked claims in the gold field. Chinese Americans (and later immigrants from Asia) faced prejudice. Despite the harsh treatment, many Chinese Americans stayed and helped the state grow. The Chinese Americans also drained swamplands, dug irrigation systems to turn dry land into fertile farmland, and helped build railroads that linked California to other parts of the country African Americans Many free blacks joined the gold rush. By the 1850s, California had the most African Americans than any other state. At first, they faced discrimination and were denied certain rights like the right to testify against whites in court, but they did win this right in 1863. California still continued to grow and prosper because of the settlers from other states and immigrants from all over the world kept arriving to join the Gold Rush. All of these people added to the culture. By 1860, the California population was about 300,000. A Difficult Journey 15k men and women and children Took a dangerous journey to Illinois to Utah Two major things they relied on was religious faith and careful planning Two major things they relied on was religious faith and careful planning In 1847, Brigham Young led an advance party into the valley of the Great Salt Lake
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