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Educational responses to refugee populations, with a focus on a developing country (Cyprus).
Transcript of Educational responses to refugee populations, with a focus on a developing country (Cyprus).
THE ETHICS OF REFUGEE POLICY
There was some debate in the 1700s about whether to restrict the entry of a wave of Palistin erefugees with some concered that they woud take jobs from the English.But there was a preiceved economic interest in accepting them as well as a Christian duty to help fellow Protestands. An answer to Why Cyprus accepted Kurdish and Armenians. Plus the sympathy from Greek Cypriots for there political status. Armenians in Cyprus or Armenian-Cypriots
Armenians in Cyprus or Armenian-Cypriots are ethnic Armenians of Cyprus. Armenian-Cypriots maintain a notable presence of about 3.500 on the island (including a number of non-Cypriot Armenians, mainly from Armenia and Lebanon), mostly centred in the capital Nicosia, but also with communities in Limassol and Larnaca, where they have churches, schools and clubs. There is also a small Armenian community in Paphos (all of them originating from Armenia).
The Armenian Prelature of Cyprus is based in Nicosia. According to the 1960 Constitution of Cyprus, together with the Maronites and the Latins, they are recognised as a "religious group" and were given the mandatory option of being included in one of the two dominant communities, the Greek-Cypriot or the Turkish-Cypriot. In the November 1960 referendum, they opted to belong to the Greek-Cypriot community.
Armenian-Cypriots are represented by an elected Representative in the House of Representatives. As of May 2006, the Representative is Vartkes Mahdessian, a prominent businessman from Nicosia .
NicosiA Cyprus-Iran has aceepted 100,000 Kurdish refugees from Iraq. Policy analysis as educational response to refugees. What policy of Cyprus
implies for education.
Cyprus is currently home to 900 refugees and more than 12,000 asylum seekers, and according to UNHCR, the only way to help them rebuild their life is by “enlightening people and making them understand”.
http://beta.cyprus-mail.com/cyprus/how-it-feels-be-refugee Current situation Using art to pass a message This policy does not include the process of promoting and understanding the culture and cultural diversity of the immigrant by the Cypriot society. It therefore encourages immigrant students to abandon their own culture and adapt as fast and as seamlessly as possible the culture of Greek speaking middle class native Cypriots. “The benefits of having individuals who have multiple cultural identities will be lost if educational policies encourage assimilation and if a bicultural background is regarded as a liability rather than an advantage” (Campbell, 2000, p. 38). "Most victims of religious persecution had problem finding asylum" "By the second half of the seventeenth century,a number of English economists were asserting
the economic importance of a large labour force,which was seen as a means of improving the balance of trade and thus national wealth" Who is a refugee? Writting task
3D Modeling workshop A responce to a refugee policy document from another country Creativity as educational resonse to refugees.
The role of art in psychosocial care and protection of displaced children. HIstory repeats itself.. Structures of Education
and Training Systems in
Europe the population of Cyprus
was estimated at 877.600 (433.200 males and 444.400 females) at the end of 2007. The estimated
composition of the population was as follows: Greek Cypriots 74.7 %, Turkish Cypriots 10.1 %,
Armenians 0.3 %, Maronites 0.5 %, Latins 0.1 %, foreign residents 14.3 %. The population figures do
not include illegal settlers from Turkey, the number of which is estimated at about 160 000.
equal opportunities Fundamental principles governing the entire education system democratic structures mutual links between education and real life (social, cultural, economic) Language The language of instruction in public non-university level institutions is either Greek or English.
institutions at all levels of education offer programmes both in Greek and English. Article 20 1960 Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus Refugees are often confused with other migrants.
A refugee is a person who "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country…"
Article 1, The 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees Economic Refugee
This term is not correct. The accurate description of people who leave their country or place of residence because they want to seek a better life is 'economic migrant'. Economic Migrant
Migrants make a conscious choice to leave their country of origin and can return there without a problem. If things do not work out as they had hoped or if they get homesick, it is safe for them to return home. Asylum Seekers
An asylum seeker is a person who has left their country of origin, has applied for recognition as a refugee in another country, and is awaiting a decision on their application “The greatest challenge this time for the Cypriot state is to promote the effective integration of these people so they can stand on their feet,” she said. There are 2,500 beneficiaries of international protection living in Cyprus Cyprus mail UNCHR represantation on Cyprus 3.195 New asylum applications were submitted in 2009 while at the end of 2009 5,275 were pending examination. Main countries and areas of origins of asylum seekers in 2009 were the occupied territories of Palestine, Iran, Syria and Sri Lanka. Asylum applicants
Syria- Pakistan-Sri Lanka- Georgia-- Ukraine Internal and External refugees in Cyprus. friction
THE UNHCR Representation in Cyprus yesterday announced the launch of an internet game, in a bid to sensitise people to the problems refugees face.
The Greek version of the game, entitled ‘taxidi fygis’, has been designed in order to make people realise how it feels on a day-to-day basis to be “a victim of persecution and facing the certainty that there is no other option than to run away from your home and attempt to rebuild your life in a new country”.
The innovative new technique to raise awareness on the topic of refugees was announced yesterday to mark the World Refugee Day and is supported by the Education Ministry and the Archbishopric.
“As the UNHCR Representation in Cyprus, we have the duty to promote this understanding of the problems refugees are faced with, and the presentation of this game is a part of this attempt,” UNHCR representatives said in a news conference yesterday 'The psychosocial care and protection of children affected by armed conflict and displacement are extremely important components of humanitarian ation.' Artistic activities Allow children to deal with their past,present and future. Culture plays a significant role for psychosocial programming. Every culture has its own form of art with which to articulate and express feelings. This facilitates the use of art as a way of reaching children. Iraqis
The Cypriot government has come under fire for not giving adequate support to refugees, like the group of Iraqi asylum applicants camped outside the United Nations Protected Area in Makedonitissa for the last three months. With Iraqis at the top of the countries of origin for asylum seekers in the world's industrialised countries in the last few years, the group of around 80 refugees claim that the subsidiary protection given to them by the Cypriot government does not enable them to survive.
ta sxolia zep
apo WORD ACTIONs
2010 Rainbow Festival
The 13th Rainbow Festival is held on Sunday 31st October 2010 at the Nicosia Municipal Park (CYTA Park) from 11:00 until 17:00, and on Friday 5th November at the Seafront Stage in Larnaca from 17:00 until 22:00. This event projects the richness inherent in diversity, and it celebrates the beauty of multiculturalism that characterizes our society today. It demands equal rights for all people, irrespective of race, color, ethnicity, religion, community, gender, sexual orientation or any other form of diversity.
The Festival is organized by KISA-Action for Equality, Support, Antiracism in co-operation with tens of organisations and communities of migrants, asylum seekers, refugees and foreign students, Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot bicommunal and human rights organisations and cultural groups.
Multicultural Summer School
Multicultural summer school for children (5-30 July 2010):
KISA supports and promotes the rights of children, which it sets as a priority in its activities. The educational and recreational activities organized aim at bringing together children from different communities living in Cyprus, at helping them to integrate into the society and at developing their talents and skills. Cultural roots To move towards this goal the Ministry of Internal affairs has appointed a committee, which includes the Ministry of Education and Culture (MOEC), to create a policy named
“The National Action Plan 2010-2012” “based on the positive approach to the long-term legal migration and the positive prospective of a multicultural Cypriot society” (Committee, 2010, p. 5). From this document and from research into other relevant policies and legislations it appears that the policy for inclusion of refugees in Cypriot society is not distinct from the policy for inclusion of immigrants in general such as workers, foreign students and economic immigrants. It is therefore implied that laws about immigrants automatically apply to refugees in this and other policy documents. The third chapter of this policy document is entitled “Education and language learning” and is under the supervision of MOEC. The aim of this chapter is to fulfill the educational needs of immigrants with special emphasis on “the educational needs of children…which include the learning of the Greek language” (Committee, 2010, p. 25). It is therefore not surprising that the suggested actions are mainly focused on the learning of the Greek language since “the knowledge and speaking of the Greek language promotes social inclusion but also promotes the understanding of the culture and cultural diversity of the country the immigrant is called to live in” (Committee, 2010, p. 25). The students must be encouraged to bring into class previous knowledge assimilated from their own culture and family environment (, 2000). On Sunday 23 May 1937 nearly four thousand children arrived at Southampton Harbour as evacuees from the facist bombing campaigns fo the Spanish Civil War. The anticipated period of exile wad three months but most of the children remained in Britain for nearly two years and around five hundred of them never returned to live in Spain.
The children had to be divided according to the contrasting political and cultural identities of the group.
Among of this children were a small and unified group of twenty-nine orphans evacuated from the socialist orphanage in Bilbao.
The children were recognized as ''children of heroes''.
According to Helen Grant (March 1937) that she travelled to Spain, the basic principles of the holistic education were pupil participation,constructive activity, individual expression and freedom.
This kind of education managed to produce a child-centred pedagogy as the best method for producing creative, balanced and able citizens.
The children were encouraged to paint-''in a sweeping free style with free choice of bright colours''.-to model clay, mould plasticine and put together collages.
The emphasis on individual expression that was recorded in these paintings was also encouraged in a range of literary,theatrical,musical and physical activity.
Later on they encouraged to select and perform Spanish plays and historical dramas.
Some of the children were able to tour England as part of a successful
Basque Children's concert. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PZuvsGu6EI0