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Design Gallery

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finn macleod

on 8 March 2012

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Transcript of Design Gallery

Most people think of Florence Nightingale as a nurse - but she was also a statistician. She was excellent at mathematics and became a pioneer in the visual presentation of information and statistical graphics. She is the inventor of the 'Polar Area Diagram' (see picture) which she used to demonstrate the real causes of mortality in the British Army, and lobby for the resources needed to help the sick.

Florence Nightingale was elected the first female member of the Royal Statistical Society.
Early Pioneers
pre 1950
Florence Nightingale
Harry Beck
Edward Tufte
Beautiful Data
Xerox did work in the 1980's on data visualization. They took high spec computers and produced some great work. The commentary in the videos reveals how much of a bottleneck processing speed was. Data visualisation like this could not become widespread until processors and broadband became much faster...
An interactive visualisation of
baby names - the 'baby name voyager' -
becomes a minor hit on the web.
Welcome to a brief tour of data viz. For best viewing, watch in full screen (select 'full screen' from the 'more' menu, bottom right of the viewing panel). You'll have to look up some of the interactives on the net to appreciate their fullness. Enjoy the gallery!
Goverment Level
High Budget
Life or death projects
business applications
"To understand God's thoughts we must study statistics for these are the measure of his purpose"
-Florence Nightingale
2010: Open Data
Starfield Information Visualization
Predictive analytics
The future:
Web 3.0 - the semantic web
3d Tv
Interactivity everywhere
Synaesthetic Search
More info:
Harry Beck was a draftsman for the London Underground. In 1931 he developed a new form of map - which disregarded the physical locations of stations. Instead it focused on the display of how the stations are connected. The map was regarded as radical by his superiors but was an instant hit with the public. The same design concept is now used all over the world in many different cultures.
Gannt charts
The Gannt chart is used for scheduling and project management. Developed first in 1896 by Karol Adamiecki, who called it a harmonogram, but popularised by Henry Gannt in 1915, hence the name. They were regarded as revolutionary when first introduced. They gained a new lease of life with the arrival of computers and project managment software.
A Gannt chart. Time goes left to right, and the order of tasks to be accomplished goes from top to bottom. The duration of each task is given by the coloured bars.
The control room of the UK power grid. Displays like this one can be enormously complex.
More at: http://pruned.blogspot.com/2007/02/super-versailles.html
Hyberbolic tree demo
Table lens demo
1980's: Xerox
In the US, research at Pacific Northwest laboratories leads to the creation of 'Starfield'. This is an innovative visualization system for human use of data. One can determine the applications from close examination of the picture.
Whilst the first well known interactive system for statistics was in 1969, computer power now allows widespread use. Pioneered by the New York Times interactive team (the first of its kind) these new designs create simplicity in the face of complex data.
Baby Name Voyager
Felton Report
The US government, followed shortly by the UK and others, opens it's statistical data, in accessable machine readable format. This allows programmers to build all sorts of new applications...
Antisocial Behaviour Orders are court orders, often restricting a person or group of people from returning to a certain location. The location data, released by the UK goverment, was turned into a phone app by Jeff Gilfelt, and functions like a 'geiger counter' for prospective home buyers.
David McAndless
Data viz appears at TED once more. David Mcandless's two books contain a host of fascinating visual data designs.
Dating websites now contain data about millions of people. OKCupid begins a blog called Ok Trends, which displays the statistics of human behaviour in online dating. The reports are controversially honest.
Nicholas Felton tracks his life in obsessive detail. The beauty with which he displays his own, personal statistics make the 'Felton Reports' a cult design success
Hans Rosling makes the case for better data communication - and demonstrates animated colourful statistics in his TED talk. His company, Gapminder are bought by google in 2008.
Playful data interactive visualisation extends into other areas, like movies:
Our ability to manipulate information grows. An anonymous blogger spends his or her time placing each frame of a movie end to end, and then squashing and stretching them, to create movie barcodes:
O Brother where Are Thou
Singing in the rain
Paul Butler visualises the social connections of facebook.
Companies become more and more reliant on the science of predictive analytics - mining data and utilising statistics to make optimal business decisions.
Commercial roll-out in 2 years
State of the art crime scene visualisation by UK based company 'Return to Scene' .
Edward Tufte publishes "The visual display of quantitative information" and formalises the principles of 2d information display. Other books include "Envisioning information" and "Beautiful Evidence". In 2010 Tufte was appointed by President Obama to facilitate transparency in the American recovery and investment act.
The company ITO world produce a 3d visualization of European flight paths
Microsoft Pivot
presented at TED conference:
Nice faceted browsing control
and infinite zoom
a browser for the
semantic web?
Full transcript