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Did all Americans benefit from the boom?

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Pilar Olaizola

on 23 April 2011

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Transcript of Did all Americans benefit from the boom?

Did all Americans benefit from the boom? problems in the
farming industry overproduction After the war Europe imported
far less food from Usa Europe was poor the population of the usa was falling fewers mouths to feed competition from canadian
wheat porducers. improved machinery and
improved fertilisers. All these caused
that farm prices fall as 50% problems in farming therefore
directly affected
more that 60 millions of Americans. a lot of rural Americans migrates to the city
where their work was not needed. UNEMPLOYMENT workers coal leather and textiles
suffered from competiotion. their wages didn´t rise
on the scale of profits. dividends to shareholders increased
company profits increased
technology improved the boom of the 1920s was
a consumer-led boom. Women in USA conservative women: This women were the ones who did not change, they were expected to lead restricted lives. They did not use make up, wore restricted clothes. The relationship with men where strictly controlled. They had low salaries Flappers: These were the women who changed in the 1920's. They used make up, wore short dresses, they had their hair very short, and kissed men in public. It was a new woman that appeared in the 1920's First changes USA In the 1920's Why was there an economic boom in the 1920s? Industrial Strength The USA was a vast country rich in natural resources. The home market was large and growing. By the time of the WWI , the USA led the world in most areas of industry. It had massive steel, coal and textile industries. It was foremost in developing new technology such as motor cars, telephones,etc. They created the division of labor in industry. American agriculture became the most efficient and productive in the world. The First World War The USA lent money to the allies, and sold arms and ammunitions to Britain and France. They sold massive amounts of food stufff as well. This one way trade gave American industry a real boost. By the end of the war the USA outstripped Germany in the supply of chemical products. Plastics and other new materials were produced. By 1922 the american economic was growing fast once again Republican policies Laissez-Faire Republicans believed that the goverment should interfere as little as possible in people's lives. This attitude was called "Laissez-faire". In their view, the job of the president was to leave business alone. Tariffs The republicans believed in import tariffs which made expensive to import foreign goods. These tariffs protected business against foreign competition and allowed American companies to grow even more rapidly Low taxation The republicans kept taxation low. This brought some benefits to ordinary people who worked. The republican thinking was that if people kept their own money, they would spend it on American goods and wealthy people would reinvest their money in industries Trusts They were super-corporations, which dominated the industry.The republicans allowed the trust to do what they wanted New industries, and new methods The country was able to exploit its vast resources of raw materials to produce steel, chemicals, glass and machinery. Telephones, radios, vacuum cleaners and washing machines were mass-produced on a vast scale, making them cheaper. New electrical companies were created. The big industries used sophisticated sales and marketing techniques to get people to buy their goods. The propanda was about selling cars, cigarettes, clothing,etc. Radio advertisment and travelling salesmen encouraged Americans to spend. The most important was the motor car industry. The first model was the Ford-t , produced by Herny Ford. The assembly line was created and they could make a lot of cars in one day. Prejudice and
Intolerance The vast majority of Americans were either immigrants or descendants of immigrants. Most of them were Jews from eastern Europe and Russia fleeing persecution or people from Italy who were fleeing poverty The
Red
Scare Immigration
quotas The experience
of black
Americans ethnic
bacground of
Americans Russia
2,700,000 Germany 4,400,000 Austria-Hungary
3,300,000 Great britain
5,000,000 Italy
3,200,000 radical ideas
incoming from
Russia and Europe
anarchist published pamphlets and
distributed them widely in
american cities, calling
for overthrow of the government
more than 400,000
Workers went on strike they were alarmed because
Russia became communist people felt threatened by the
bolshevism or communism. J. Edgard Hoover was an important figure in USA`s history , he built up files on 60,000 suspects He achieved to deport over
10,000 immigrants Nicola Sacco
And
Bartolomeo
Vanzetti two high-profile victims
of the Red Scare They were arrested in
1920 on suspicion of
armed robbery and murder it quickly emerged that they
were self-confessed anarchists anarchists hated the
American system of
government and
believed in destroying it
by creating social disorder six years later they were executed , they were blamed for being enemies of the existing insitutions of USA the legal system was bad
seen because of its unfair
trial by radicals and moderates in direct response to its fear of radicals,
the government took action it restricted immigration most of the incoming immigrants
were from north-west europe limited immigration from southern and eastern europe Immigration had
fallen from a million
immigrants a year
to 150,000 Ku Klux Klan Black people had been brought to USA as slaves in the seventeenth century. By the nineteenth century there were more black people than white in the southern United States. White governments fearing the power of black Americans, introduced many laws to control their freedom They could not vote They were denied acces
to good education. They couldn `t have
good jobs Most of them suffered
great poverty. was a white supremacy movement.
The scene outside the jail in marion, indiana. Abram Smith and Thomas Shipp had already been lynched Lynched: to hang someone
without a trial Formed in the 1850s
by former soldiers after the American civil war, with the aim of keeping whites in control it used parades, beatings, lynchings and other violent methods to intimidate black people. it also attacked Jews, catholics and foreign immigrants It was stronger in the midwest and rural south, where working-class whites competed with black people for unskilled jobs it declined in the late nineteenth century but was started up again in 1915. it spread rapidly in the early 1920s, managing to get klansmen elected into positions of political power By 1924 it had 4.5 million members. Oregon and Oklahoma had governors who belonged to the klan. The klan was especially dominant in Indiana. the klan declined after 1925. One of its leaders, grand wizard David Stephenson, was convicted of a vicious sexually motivated murder. He turned informer and the corruption of the klan became common knowledge Black people left the rural south and moved
the the cities in the northern USA Improvements In the north black people had better chance of getting good jobs and good education.
almost all the
shops in the south side belt where blacks lived had black emplyees there were internationally famous black americans, such as the singer actor paul robeson jazz made many black
musicians into high-profile
media figures
there was a black neighbourhood called harlem in new york, there musicians and singers made harlem a center of creativity and a magnet for white costumers in the bars and clubs. black artists flourished in this atmosphere as did black writers black Americans also entered politics. they founded the national association for the advancement of coloured people.
it campaigned to end racial segregation lawsa and to get laws passed against lynching. it didn `t make much headway but the numbers of lynchings did fall marcus garvey founded the universal negro improvement association Prohibition Alcohol destroyed families destroyed people's values brought about poverty was seen as a bad influence on families
was very easy to find during the prohibition. There was approval in rural areas. Supporters of prohibition were known as "dries". In 1925 there were more speakeasies than saloons in 1919. Speakeasies were illegal bars. failed
After alcohol was banned, people wanted it more, you could find it quickly and easily.
Police officers were badly paid and the bootleggers bribed them. This was a way of making money for the police corruption prohibiton led to massive corruption.
law enforcement officers were themselves involved in liquor trade.
This name suggests a time of
fun, loud music and wild
enjoyment while everyone was
having a good time. The growing city with its imposing skyline of skyscrapers was one of the most powerfull symbols of 1920s USA. More Americans lived in towns and cites than in rural areas. Throughout the 1920s there was a tension between rural and urban USA because of theur diferent values. It refers to a new attitude among young women. In the generation before the war, sex was a taboo subject but the cinema quickly discovered the power of sex The car was one factor that tended to make all the other features of the 1920s more posible. Car helped cities to grow by opening up the suburbs Almost everyone in USA listened to the radio. Most households had their own set. The radio gave acces to new music. Jazz music became an obsession amoing young people. Black people who moved from the country to the cities had brought jazz and blues with them. Sprot was another boom area. Baseball became a big money sport. Prominent figures like Al Capone were baseball fans. In a small suburb a major film industry was developing. Nes stars like Charlie Chaplin made audience roar with laughter. During 1920s movies became a multi-billion dollar business The car Morals Entertainment Growing cities Radio Jazz Sport Cinema
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