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African Animals

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Mel Richardson

on 22 January 2015

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Transcript of African Animals

Habitat/ About:
Giraffes are found in arid and dry savanna zones, typically south of the Sahara, wherever there are trees.

Taking advantage of their height, giraffes graze on leaves and buds on tall branches that other animals struggle to reach. Acacias are a particularly favourite flavour for giraffes.

: Giraffes are pregnant for between 14 and 16 months. Their babies receive a rude awakening to the world, as giraffe mothers give birth standing up and newborns drop 1.5 metres to the ground at birth.


Interesting fact:
Despite the size difference, giraffes have the same number of vertebrae in their necks as humans.

African Animals
Habitat/ About:
There are two different types of African elephants.
The savanna elephant, also known as the bush elephant and the forest elephant.
The savanna elephant can be found in eastern and south Africa, while the forest elephant lives in the tropical forests of west and central Africa.

Elephants are herbivores. They enjoy a diet of branches and trees, grasses, fruit and bark.

The elephant once roamed across Africa, from the Mediterranean coast to the southern tip, in the 1930's there was an estimated five million elephants roaming wild.
Sadly today's numbers have decreased dramatically, due to habitat loss and poaching.

Elephants start reproducing from 12-15 years old.
Gestational period is 666.9 days / 22 months a baby.

Interesting Fact:
The elephants trunk is made up of over 100,00 different muscles.

Habitat / About
: Wild Lions exist in 67 areas across the African continent. Nine countries have approx 1,000 individuals remaining and five countries have lost their population completely. They are threatened with habitat loss, wildlife conflict, hunting and poaching.

Lions like to hunt their prey, which includes animals such as zebras, buffalo's, young elephants, wilder beests, hippos, giraffes and rhinos. They also hunt smaller animals such as mice, lizards, antelopes and sometimes even crocodiles.

: A lioness is pregnant for between 100-120 days.
When a female is about to give birth, they move away from their pride. Once the cubs are six weeks old they go back.
A typical size litter is three lion cubs, although it can be up to six.

: In 1975 there were 250,00 lions in Africa,
There has been a 80- 90 % decline in numbers since then.

Interesting facts
: Lions rest for 20 hours a day.
Lions live for approx 12 years.

Team Members
Mel Richardson - Elephant
Leesa Ingram - Leopard
Cassandra Denton - Lion
Keremba Warioba - Wildebeest
Chryssie Lambetsos - Giraffe

African Elephants
Habitat / About:
Wildebeest are found in central, southern and mostly in eastern Africa's Serengeti ecosystem of Tanzania and Kenya.

Grassy plains are their feeding grounds as it allows them to see their predators easily.

: Wildebeest reproduce through out the year though many die during the dry season.

: Wildebeest in Serengeti ecosystem are estimated to be 1.2 million.

Interesting Fact:
Wildebeest of Serengeti are famous for "the greatest migration". Twice a year they relocate between Serengeti national park in Tanzania to Masai Mara in Kenya. Wildebeest herds run for 100s of kilometers, day and night crossing rivers and escaping predators until they reach fertile land for food.

** Wildebeest credible information was sourced from www.nationalgeographic.com.au which is a global multimedia platform on wildlife and ecosystems. Its information was supported by www.serengeti.org which is the official website for Serengeti national park.

Cushman ,A.(2014, August.) Animal fact guide: African elephant."And since elephants only give birth once every five years, successfully raising their offspring is critical for their survival" Retrieved Dec 29,2014 from http://www.animalfactguide.com/animal-facts/african-elephant/

African elephant Loxondonta africana. (2014) Retrieved December 29, 2014 from https://animals.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/mammals/african-elephant

Elephant african Loxondonta africana. (2014) Retrieved December 27, 2014 fromhttps;//www.worldwildlife.org/species/african-elephant

Image Reference.Image Reference. nickandmel2006. (2007). Elephant Near Ndutu [Photograph]. Retrieved January 10, 2015, from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/

Image Reference: Discovery World Safari. (23 june 2014) 6 Things to know about African elephants. Retrieved 26/12/14

Reproduction and offspring, (2015). Retrieved from www.lionalert.org/page/reproduction-and-offspring

Fun Lion facts for kids (2014, July24). Retrieved from www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/animal/lion.html

Janssen,P (2010 ) Lion Facts.Retrieved from www.outtoafrica.nl/animals/englion.html

African Lion. (n.d) Retrieved from worldlionday.com/African-lion

Image Retrieved from http://i.huffpost.com/gen/1340763/thumbs/o-LION-facebook.jpg on 18/01/2015

Video retrieved from youtube.com/watch?v=Xxw3yDH5_d8 on 18/01/2015


(n.d). Giraffe, Retrieved January 3, 2015, from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/mammals/giraffe/.

(n.d). Giraffe, Retrieved January 3, 2015, from http://www.wcs.org/saving-wildlife/hoofed-mammals/giraffe.aspx.

(n.d). Giraffe, Retrieved January 3, 2015, from http://www.awf.org/wildlife-conservation/giraffe.

Discovery News. (2014, December 3). Giraffe Population Drops 40 Percent in 15 Years.
Discovery News
, 3 December. Retrieved from http://news.discovery.com/animals/endangered-species/giraffe-population-drops-40-percent-in-15-years-141203.htm.

NatGeo Wild 2012, World's Weirdest - Giraffe Drool. Retrieved from youtube.com/watch?v=jCUQHulVmhU

Morrison, C. (n.d).
Your Shot
. [photograph]. Retrieved from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/mammals/giraffe/
Will Burrard-Lucas 2014, Wildebeest Migration Time-lapse. Retrieved from

Serengeti national park. (2000). Why are there 1.2 million wildebeest and not 500,000 or 5 million? Retrieved December 22, 2014, from http://www.serengeti.org/p_rs_wildebeest.html

Wildebeest connochaetes taurinus. (2014). Retrieved December 22, 2014 from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com.au/animals/mammals/wildebeest/

FCF. (2015) Retrieved on December 23 2014 from:

Out Of Africa. (2010) Paul Janssen. Retrieved December 23 2014 from:

Fun leopard facts for kids (2014) Retrieved December 24 2014 from:

Video Leopard catching its prey (18 April,2014) Retrieved December 24 2014 from:

Image of African Leopard Retrieved January 18 2014 from:
Information Credibility and Reliability

Habitat / About:
The leopard is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats," the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar. There are nine recognized subspecies of leopard. All subspecies except the African leopard can be found in Asia, South Asia, and India.

As they grow, cubs learn to hunt small animals. The leopard is a cunning, stealthy hunter, and its prey ranges from strong-scented carrion, fish, reptiles and birds to mammals such as rodents, hares, hyraxes, warthogs, antelopes, monkeys and baboons.

When a female leopard is ready to mate she will let off a scent and rub her body on the trees to leave her smell there. Male leopards either smell the females scent or hear her call to know that she is ready to mate.

: Status: Endangered
Estimated World Population: 250,000

Interesting fact:
A leopard’s tail is just about as long as its entire body. This helps it with balance and enables it to make sharp turns quickly.

Africa is a continent full of many different types of animals.

Some of the most well known are elephants, lions, giraffes, wildebeests and leopards.

While all these animals share a home, they are vastly different from one another.

By focusing on each animal's habitat, diet, population and breeding, their similarities and differences can be explored while sharing an interesting fact allows us to understand these creatures a little better.

The African wildlife consists of a large amount of animals, some popular animals include lions, elephants, leopards, giraffes and wildebeests.

These animals contain many similarities and differences.

Differences include habitat, diet and breeding. Similarities are that they each belong to a family group and all can be found in Africa.

Our main source of information has been National Geographic. Which is a reputable global media on ecosystems and nature which make it reliable. Their investigative reporting on animals reassured us on their credibility. We used other sources as to confirm these views which they all supported National Geographic's facts.
Our information was generally posted in 2014 so it is considered recent material.
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